DDI_ADD_INTR(9F) Kernel Functions for Drivers DDI_ADD_INTR(9F)


ddi_add_intr, ddi_get_iblock_cookie, ddi_remove_intr - hardware interrupt
handling routines


#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/conf.h>
#include <sys/ddi.h>
#include <sys/sunddi.h>

int ddi_get_iblock_cookie(dev_info_t *dip, uint_t inumber,
ddi_iblock_cookie_t *iblock_cookiep);

int ddi_add_intr(dev_info_t *dip, uint_t inumber,
ddi_iblock_cookie_t *iblock_cookiep,
ddi_idevice_cookie_t *idevice_cookiep,
uint_t (*int_handler) (caddr_t),
caddr_t int_handler_arg);

void ddi_remove_intr(dev_info_t *dip,
uint_t inumber, ddi_iblock_cookie_t iblock_cookie);


Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI). These interfaces are obsolete. Use
the new interrupt interfaces referenced in Intro(9F). Refer to Writing
Device Drivers for more information.


For ddi_get_iblock_cookie():

Pointer to dev_info structure.

Interrupt number.

Pointer to an interrupt block cookie.

For ddi_add_intr():

Pointer to dev_info structure.

Interrupt number.

Optional pointer to an interrupt block cookie where a
returned interrupt block cookie is stored.

Optional pointer to an interrupt device cookie where a
returned interrupt device cookie is stored.

Pointer to interrupt handler.

Argument for interrupt handler.

For ddi_remove_intr():

Pointer to dev_info structure.

Interrupt number.

Block cookie which identifies the interrupt handler to
be removed.


ddi_get_iblock_cookie() retrieves the interrupt block cookie associated
with a particular interrupt specification. This routine should be called
before ddi_add_intr() to retrieve the interrupt block cookie needed to
initialize locks (mutex(9F), rwlock(9F)) used by the interrupt routine.
The interrupt number inumber determines for which interrupt specification
to retrieve the cookie. inumber is associated with information provided
either by the device (see sbus(4)) or the hardware configuration file
(see sysbus(4), isa(4), and driver.conf(4)). If only one interrupt is
associated with the device, inumber should be 0.

On a successful return, *iblock_cookiep contains information needed for
initializing locks associated with the interrupt specification
corresponding to inumber (see mutex_init(9F) and rw_init(9F)). The driver
can then initialize locks acquired by the interrupt routine before
calling ddi_add_intr() which prevents a possible race condition where the
driver's interrupt handler is called immediately after the driver has
called ddi_add_intr() but before the driver has initialized the locks.
This may happen when an interrupt for a different device occurs on the
same interrupt level. If the interrupt routine acquires the lock before
the lock has been initialized, undefined behavior may result.

ddi_add_intr() adds an interrupt handler to the system. The interrupt
number inumber determines which interrupt the handler will be associated
with. (Refer to ddi_get_iblock_cookie() above.)

On a successful return, iblock_cookiep contains information used for
initializing locks associated with this interrupt specification (see
mutex_init(9F) and rw_init(9F)). Note that the interrupt block cookie is
usually obtained using ddi_get_iblock_cookie() to avoid the race
conditions described above (refer to ddi_get_iblock_cookie() above). For
this reason, iblock_cookiep is no longer useful and should be set to

On a successful return, idevice_cookiep contains a pointer to a
ddi_idevice_cookie_t structure (see ddi_idevice_cookie(9S)) containing
information useful for some devices that have programmable interrupts. If
idevice_cookiep is set to NULL, no value is returned.

The routine intr_handler, with its argument int_handler_arg, is called
upon receipt of the appropriate interrupt. The interrupt handler should
return DDI_INTR_CLAIMED if the interrupt was claimed, DDI_INTR_UNCLAIMED

If successful, ddi_add_intr() returns DDI_SUCCESS. If the interrupt
information cannot be found on the sun4u architecture, either
DDI_INTR_NOTFOUND or DDI_FAILURE can be returned. On i86pc and sun4m
architectures, if the interrupt information cannot be found,
DDI_INTR_NOTFOUND is returned.

ddi_remove_intr() removes an interrupt handler from the system.
Unloadable drivers should call this routine during their detach(9E)
routine to remove their interrupt handler from the system.

The device interrupt routine for this instance of the device will not
execute after ddi_remove_intr() returns. ddi_remove_intr() may need to
wait for the device interrupt routine to complete before returning.
Therefore, locks acquired by the interrupt handler should not be held
across the call to ddi_remove_intr() or deadlock may result.

For All Three Functions:
For certain bus types, you can call these DDI functions from a high-
interrupt context. These types include ISA and SBus buses. See sysbus(4),
isa(4), and sbus(4) for details.


ddi_add_intr() and ddi_get_iblock_cookie() return:

On success.

On failure to find the interrupt.

On failure. DDI_FAILURE can also be returned on
failure to find interrupt (sun4u).


ddi_add_intr(), ddi_remove_intr(), and ddi_get_iblock_cookie() can be
called from user or kernel context.


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

|Interface Stability | Obsolete |


driver.conf(4), isa(4), sbus(4), sysbus(4), attach(9E), detach(9E),
ddi_intr_hilevel(9F), Intro(9F), mutex(9F), mutex_init(9F), rw_init(9F),
rwlock(9F), ddi_idevice_cookie(9S)

Writing Device Drivers


ddi_get_iblock_cookie() must not be called after the driver adds an
interrupt handler for the interrupt specification corresponding to

All consumers of these interfaces, checking return codes, should verify
return_code != DDI_SUCCESS. Checking for specific failure codes can
result in inconsistent behaviors among platforms.


The idevice_cookiep should really point to a data structure that is
specific to the bus architecture that the device operates on. Currently
the SBus and PCI buses are supported and a single data structure is used
to describe both.

October 19, 2005 DDI_ADD_INTR(9F)