DDI_ENTER_CRITICAL(9F) Kernel Functions for Drivers DDI_ENTER_CRITICAL(9F)


NAME


ddi_enter_critical, ddi_exit_critical - enter and exit a critical region
of control

SYNOPSIS


#include <sys/conf.h>
#include <sys/ddi.h>
#include <sys/sunddi.h>


unsigned int ddi_enter_critical(void);


void ddi_exit_critical(unsignedint ddic);


INTERFACE LEVEL


Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI).

PARAMETERS


ddic
The returned value from the call to ddi_enter_critical() must be
passed to ddi_exit_critical().


DESCRIPTION


Nearly all driver operations can be done without any special
synchronization and protection mechanisms beyond those provided by, for
example, mutexes (see mutex(9F)). However, for certain devices there can
exist a very short critical region of code which must be allowed to run
uninterrupted. The function ddi_enter_critical() provides a mechanism by
which a driver can ask the system to guarantee to the best of its ability
that the current thread of execution will neither be preempted nor
interrupted. This stays in effect until a bracketing call to
ddi_exit_critical() is made (with an argument which was the returned
value from ddi_enter_critical()).


The driver may not call any functions external to itself in between the
time it calls ddi_enter_critical() and the time it calls
ddi_exit_critical().

RETURN VALUES


The ddi_enter_critical() function returns an opaque unsigned integer
which must be used in the subsequent call to ddi_exit_critical().

CONTEXT


This function can be called from user, interrupt, or kernel context.

WARNINGS


Driver writers should note that in a multiple processor system this
function does not temporarily suspend other processors from executing.
This function also cannot guarantee to actually block the hardware from
doing such things as interrupt acknowledge cycles. What it can do is
guarantee that the currently executing thread will not be preempted.


Do not write code bracketed by ddi_enter_critical() and
ddi_exit_critical() that can get caught in an infinite loop, as the
machine may crash if you do.

SEE ALSO


mutex(9F)


Writing Device Drivers


January 16, 2006 DDI_ENTER_CRITICAL(9F)