COPYIN(9F) Kernel Functions for Drivers COPYIN(9F)


NAME


copyin - copy data from a user program to a driver buffer

SYNOPSIS


#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/ddi.h>


int copyin(const void *userbuf, void *driverbuf, size_t cn);


INTERFACE LEVEL


This interface is obsolete. ddi_copyin(9F) should be used instead.

PARAMETERS


userbuf
User program source address from which data is transferred.


driverbuf
Driver destination address to which data is transferred.


cn
Number of bytes transferred.


DESCRIPTION


copyin() copies data from a user program source address to a driver
buffer. The driver developer must ensure that adequate space is
allocated for the destination address.


Addresses that are word-aligned are moved most efficiently. However, the
driver developer is not obligated to ensure alignment. This function
automatically finds the most efficient move according to address
alignment.

RETURN VALUES


Under normal conditions, a 0 is returned indicating a successful copy.
Otherwise, a -1 is returned if one of the following occurs:

o Paging fault; the driver tried to access a page of memory for
which it did not have read or write access.

o Invalid user address, such as a user area or stack area.

o Invalid address that would have resulted in data being copied
into the user block.

o Hardware fault; a hardware error prevented access to the
specified user memory. For example, an uncorrectable parity
or ECC error occurred.


If a -1 is returned to the caller, driver entry point routines should
return EFAULT.

CONTEXT


copyin() can be called from user context only.

EXAMPLES


Example 1: An ioctl() Routine




A driver ioctl(9E) routine (line 10) can be used to get or set device
attributes or registers. In the XX_GETREGS condition (line 17), the
driver copies the current device register values to a user data area
(line 18). If the specified argument contains an invalid address, an
error code is returned.


1 struct device { /* layout of physical device registers */
2 int control; /* physical device control word */
3 int status; /* physical device status word */
4 short recv_char; /* receive character from device */
5 short xmit_char; /* transmit character to device */
6 };
7
8 extern struct device xx_addr[]; /* phys. device regs. location */
9 ...
10 xx_ioctl(dev_t dev, int cmd, int arg, int mode,
11 cred_t *cred_p, int *rval_p)
12 ...
13 {
14 register struct device *rp = &xx_addr[getminor(dev) >> 4];
15 switch (cmd) {
16
17 case XX_GETREGS: /* copy device regs. to user program */
18 if (copyin(arg, rp, sizeof(struct device)))
19 return(EFAULT);
20 break;
21 ...
22 }
23 ...
24 }


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for a description of the following attributes:


+----------------+-----------------+
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+----------------+-----------------+
|Stability Level | Obsolete |
+----------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


attributes(5), ioctl(9E), bcopy(9F), copyout(9F), ddi_copyin(9F),
ddi_copyout(9F), uiomove(9F)


Writing Device Drivers

NOTES


Driver writers who intend to support layered ioctls in their ioctl(9E)
routines should use ddi_copyin(9F) instead.


Driver defined locks should not be held across calls to this function.


copyin() should not be used from a streams driver. See M_COPYIN and
M_COPYOUT in STREAMS Programming Guide.


September 27, 2002 COPYIN(9F)