ACCTSH(8) Maintenance Commands and Procedures ACCTSH(8)


acctsh, chargefee, ckpacct, dodisk, lastlogin, monacct, nulladm, prctmp,
prdaily, prtacct, shutacct, startup, turnacct - shell procedures for


/usr/lib/acct/chargefee login-name number

/usr/lib/acct/ckpacct [blocks]

/usr/lib/acct/dodisk [-o] [filename]...


/usr/lib/acct/monacct number

/usr/lib/acct/nulladm filename...

/usr/lib/acct/prctmp filename

/usr/lib/acct/prdaily [-c] [-l] [mmdd]

/usr/lib/acct/prtacct filename ['' heading '']

/usr/lib/acct/shutacct ['' reason '']


/usr/lib/acct/turnacct on | off | switch


chargefee Command
chargefee can be invoked to charge a number of units to login-name. A
record is written to /var/adm/fee, to be merged with other accounting
records by runacct(8).

ckpacct Command
ckpacct should be initiated using cron(8) to periodically check the size
of /var/adm/pacct. If the size exceeds blocks, 500 by default, turnacct
will be invoked with argument switch. To avoid a conflict with turnacct
switch execution in runacct, do not run ckpacct and runacct
simultaneously. If the number of free disk blocks in the /var file system
falls below 500, ckpacct will automatically turn off the collection of
process accounting records via the off argument to turnacct. When at
least 500 blocks are restored, the accounting will be activated again
on the next invocation of ckpacct. This feature is sensitive to the
frequency at which ckpacct is executed, usually by the cron(8) command.

dodisk Command
dodisk should be invoked by cron(8) to perform the disk accounting

lastlogin Command
lastlogin is invoked by runacct(8) to update /var/adm/acct/sum/loginlog,
which shows the last date on which each person logged in.

monacct Command
monacct should be invoked once each month or each accounting period.
number indicates which month or period it is. If number is not given, it
defaults to the current month (01-12). This default is useful if monacct
is to executed using cron(8) on the first day of each month. monacct
creates summary files in /var/adm/acct/fiscal and restarts the summary
files in /var/adm/acct/sum.

nulladm Command
nulladm creates filename with mode 664 and ensures that owner and group
are adm. It is called by various accounting shell procedures.

prctmp Command
prctmp can be used to print the session record file (normally
/var/adm/acct/nite/ctmp created by acctcon1 (see acctcon(8)).

prdaily Command
prdaily is invoked by runacct(8) to format a report of the previous day's
accounting data. The report resides in /var/adm/acct/sum/rprt/mmdd where
mmdd is the month and day of the report. The current daily accounting
reports may be printed by typing prdaily. Previous days' accounting
reports can be printed by using the mmdd option and specifying the exact
report date desired.

prtacct Command
prtacct can be used to format and print any total accounting (tacct)file.

shutacct Command
shutacct is invoked during a system shutdown to turn process accounting
off and append a reason record to /var/adm/wtmpx.

startup Command
startup can be invoked when the system is brought to a multi-user state
to turn process accounting on.

turnacct Command
turnacct is an interface to accton (see acct(8)) to turn process
accounting on or off. The switch argument moves the current
/var/adm/pacct to the next free name in /var/adm/pacct.incr (where incr
is a number starting with 0 and incrementing by one for each additional
pacct file), then turns accounting back on again. This procedure is
called by ckpacct and thus can be taken care of by the cron(8) command
and used to keep pacct to a reasonable size. shutacct uses turnacct to
stop process accounting. startup uses turnacct to start process


The following options are supported:

This option prints a report of exceptional resource usage by
command, and may be used on current day's accounting data only.

This option prints a report of exceptional usage by login id for
the specified date. Previous daily reports are cleaned up and
therefore inaccessible after each invocation of monacct.

This option uses acctdusg (see acct(8)) to do a slower version of
disk accounting by login directory. filenames specifies the one or
more filesystem names where disk accounting will be done. If
filenames are used, disk accounting will be done on these
filesystems only. If the -o option is used, filenames should be
mount points of mounted filesystems. If the -o option is omitted,
filenames should be the special file names of mountable


Configuration file for the logadm(8)

Holds all accounting commands listed in
section 8 of this manual

Contains the limits for exceptional usage
by command name

Contains the limits for exceptional usage
by login ID

Fiscal reports directory

Working directory

Summary directory that contains information
for monacct

File updated by last login

Accumulator for fees

Current file for per-process accounting

Used if pacct gets large and during
execution of daily accounting procedure

History of user access and administration


acctcom(1), acct(2), acct.h(3HEAD), utmpx(5), attributes(7), acct(8),
acctcms(8), acctcon(8), acctmerg(8), acctprc(8), cron(8), fwtmp(8),
logadm(8), runacct(8)


See runacct(8) for the main daily accounting shell script, which performs
the accumulation of connect, process, fee, and disk accounting on a daily
basis. It also creates summaries of command usage.

illumos March 15, 2002 ACCTSH(8)