FF(8) Maintenance Procedures FF(8)


ff - list file names and statistics for a file system


ff [-F FSType] [-V] [generic_options] [-o specific_options] special...


ff prints the pathnames and inode numbers of files in the file system
which resides on the special device special. Other information about the
files may be printed using options described below. Selection criteria
may be used to instruct ff to only print information for certain files.
If no selection criteria are specified, information for all files
considered will be printed (the default); the -i option may be used to
limit files to those whose inodes are specified.

Output is sorted in ascending inode number order. The default line
produced by ff is:

path-name i-number

The maximum information the command will provide is:

path-name i-number size uid


Specify the FSType on which to operate. The FSType
should either be specified here or be determinable
from /etc/vfstab by matching the special with an
entry in the table, or by consulting /etc/default/fs.

Echo the complete command line, but do not execute the
command. The command line is generated by using the
options and arguments provided by the user and adding
to them information derived from /etc/vfstab. This
option may be used to verify and validate the command

Options that are supported by most FSType-specific
modules of the command. The following options are

Do not print the i-node number after
each path name.

Generate a supplementary list of all
path names for multiply-linked

-p prefix
The specified prefix will be added
to each generated path name. The
default is `.' (dot).

Print the file size, in bytes, after
each path name.

Print the owner's login name after
each path name.

-a -n
Select if the file has been accessed
in n days.

-m -n
Select if the file has been written
or created in n days.

-c -n
Select if file's status has been
changed in n days.

-n file
Select if the file has been modified
more recently than the argument

-i i-node-list
Generate names for only those i-
nodes specified in i-node-list. i-
node-list is a list of numbers
separated by commas (with no
intervening spaces).

Specify FSType-specific options in a comma separated
(without spaces) list of suboptions and keyword-
attribute pairs for interpretation by the
FSType-specific module of the command.


A special device.


See largefile(7) for the description of the behavior of ff when
encountering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte ( 2^31 bytes).


default local file system type. Default values can be
set for the following flags in /etc/default/fs. For
example: LOCAL=ufs

The default partition for a command if no
FSType is specified.

list of default parameters for each file system


find(1), ncheck(8), stat(2), vfstab(5), attributes(7), largefile(7)
Manual pages for the FSType-specific modules of ff.


This command may not be supported for all FSTypes.

The -a, -m, and -c flags examine the st_atime, st_mtime, and st_ctime
fields of the stat structure respectively. (See stat(2).)

February 10, 1997 FF(8)