PROF_ATTR(4) File Formats and Configurations PROF_ATTR(4)


NAME


prof_attr - profile description database

SYNOPSIS


/etc/security/prof_attr


DESCRIPTION


/etc/security/prof_attr is a local source for execution profile names,
descriptions, and other attributes of execution profiles. The prof_attr
file can be used with other profile sources, including the prof_attr NIS
map. Programs use the getprofattr(3SECDB) routines to gain access to this
information.


The search order for multiple prof_attr sources is specified in the
/etc/nsswitch.conf file, as described in the nsswitch.conf(4) man page.


An execution profile is a mechanism used to bundle together the commands
and authorizations needed to perform a specific function. An execution
profile can also contain other execution profiles. Each entry in the
prof_attr database consists of one line of text containing five fields
separated by colons (:). Line continuations using the backslash (\)
character are permitted. The format of each entry is:


profname:res1:res2:desc:attr

profname
The name of the profile. Profile names are case-sensitive.


res1
Reserved for future use.


res2
Reserved for future use.


desc
A long description. This field should explain the purpose of
the profile, including what type of user would be interested
in using it. The long description should be suitable for
displaying in the help text of an application.


attr
An optional list of semicolon-separated (;) key-value pairs
that describe the security attributes to apply to the object
upon execution. Zero or more keys can be specified. There are
four valid keys: help, profiles, auths, and privs.

help is assigned the name of a file ending in .htm or .html.

auths specifies a comma-separated list of authorization names
chosen from those names defined in the auth_attr(4) database.
Authorization names can be specified using the asterisk (*)
character as a wildcard. For example, solaris.printer.* would
mean all of Sun's authorizations for printing.

profiles specifies a comma-separated list of profile names
chosen from those names defined in the prof_attr database.

privs specifies a comma-separated list of privileges names
chosen from those names defined in the priv_names(4)
database. These privileges can then be used for executing
commands with pfexec(1).


EXAMPLES


Example 1: Allowing Execution of All Commands




The following entry allows the user to execute all commands:


All:::Use this profile to give a :help=All.html


Example 2: Consulting the Local prof_attr File First




With the following nsswitch.conf entry, the local prof_attr file is
consulted before the NIS map:


prof_attr: files nis


FILES


/etc/nsswitch.conf


/etc/security/prof_attr

NOTES


The root user is usually defined in local databases because root needs to
be able to log in and do system maintenance in single-user mode and at
other times when the network name service databases are not available. So
that the profile definitions for root can be located at such times,
root's profiles should be defined in the local prof_attr file, and the
order shown in the example nsswitch.conf(4) file entry under EXAMPLES is
highly recommended.


Because the list of legal keys is likely to expand, any code that parses
this database must be written to ignore unknown key-value pairs without
error. When any new keywords are created, the names should be prefixed
with a unique string, such as the company's stock symbol, to avoid
potential naming conflicts.


Each application has its own requirements for whether the help value must
be a relative pathname ending with a filename or the name of a file. The
only known requirement is for the name of a file.


The following characters are used in describing the database format and
must be escaped with a backslash if used as data: colon (:), semicolon
(;), equals (=), and backslash (\).

SEE ALSO


auths(1), pfexec(1), profiles(1), getauthattr(3SECDB),
getprofattr(3SECDB), getuserattr(3SECDB), auth_attr(4), exec_attr(4),
priv_names(4), user_attr(4)


February 25, 2017 PROF_ATTR(4)