INETD.CONF(4) File Formats and Configurations INETD.CONF(4)


NAME


inetd.conf - Internet servers database

SYNOPSIS


/etc/inet/inetd.conf


/etc/inetd.conf


DESCRIPTION


In the current release of the Solaris operating system, the inetd.conf
file is no longer directly used to configure inetd. The Solaris services
which were formerly configured using this file are now configured in the
Service Management Facility (see smf(5)) using inetadm(1M). Any records
remaining in this file after installation or upgrade, or later created by
installing additional software, must be converted to smf(5) services and
imported into the SMF repository using inetconv(1M), otherwise the
service will not be available.


For Solaris operating system releases prior to the current release (such
as Solaris 9), the inetd.conf file contains the list of servers that
inetd(1M) invokes when it receives an Internet request over a socket.
Each server entry is composed of a single line of the form:

service-name endpoint-type protocol wait-status uid server-program \
server-arguments


Fields are separated by either SPACE or TAB characters. A `#' (number
sign) indicates the beginning of a comment; characters up to the end of
the line are not interpreted by routines that search this file.

service-name
The name of a valid service listed in the services
file. For RPC services, the value of the service-name
field consists of the RPC service name or program
number, followed by a '/' (slash) and either a
version number or a range of version numbers, for
example, rstatd/2-4.


endpoint-type
Can be one of:

stream
for a stream socket


dgram
for a datagram socket


raw
for a raw socket


seqpacket
for a sequenced packet socket


tli
for all TLI endpoints


protocol
A recognized protocol listed in the file
/etc/inet/protocols. For servers capable of
supporting TCP and UDP over IPv6, the following
protocol types are also recognized:

o tcp6

o udp6
tcp6 and udp6 are not official protocols;
accordingly, they are not listed in the
/etc/inet/protocols file.

Here the inetd program uses an AF_INET6 type socket
endpoint. These servers can also handle incoming IPv4
client requests in addition to IPv6 client requests.

For RPC services, the field consists of the string
rpc followed by a '/' (slash) and either a '*'
(asterisk), one or more nettypes, one or more netids,
or a combination of nettypes and netids. Whatever the
value, it is first treated as a nettype. If it is not
a valid nettype, then it is treated as a netid. For
example, rpc/* for an RPC service using all the
transports supported by the system (the list can be
found in the /etc/netconfig file), equivalent to
saying rpc/visible rpc/ticots for an RPC service
using the Connection-Oriented Transport Service.


wait-status
This field has values wait or nowait. This entry
specifies whether the server that is invoked by inetd
will take over the listening socket associated with
the service, and whether once launched, inetd will
wait for that server to exit, if ever, before it
resumes listening for new service requests. The wait-
status for datagram servers must be set to wait, as
they are always invoked with the original datagram
socket that will participate in delivering the
service bound to the specified service. They do not
have separate "listening" and "accepting" sockets.
Accordingly, do not configure UDP services as nowait.
This causes a race condition by which the inetd
program selects on the socket and the server program
reads from the socket. Many server programs will be
forked, and performance will be severely compromised.
Connection-oriented services such as TCP stream
services can be designed to be either wait or nowait
status.


uid
The user ID under which the server should run. This
allows servers to run with access privileges other
than those for root.


server-program
Either the pathname of a server program to be invoked
by inetd to perform the requested service, or the
value internal if inetd itself provides the service.


server-arguments
If a server must be invoked with command line
arguments, the entire command line (including
argument 0) must appear in this field (which consists
of all remaining words in the entry). If the server
expects inetd to pass it the address of its peer, for
compatibility with 4.2BSD executable daemons, then
the first argument to the command should be specified
as %A. No more than 20 arguments are allowed in this
field. The %A argument is implemented only for
services whose wait-status value is nowait.


FILES


/etc/netconfig
network configuration file


/etc/inet/protocols
Internet protocols


/etc/inet/services
Internet network services


SEE ALSO


rlogin(1), rsh(1), in.tftpd(1M), inetadm(1M), inetconv(1M), inetd(1M),
services(4), smf(5)

NOTES


/etc/inet/inetd.conf is the official SVR4 name of the inetd.conf file.
The symbolic link /etc/inetd.conf exists for BSD compatibility.


This man page describes inetd.conf as it was supported in Solaris
operating system releases prior to the current release. The services that
were configured by means of inetd.conf are now configured in the Service
Management Facility (see smf(5)) using inetadm(1M).


April 9, 2016 INETD.CONF(4)