CONTRACT(4) File Formats and Configurations CONTRACT(4)


NAME


contract - the contract file system

SYNOPSIS


/system/contract


DESCRIPTION


The /system/contract file system acts as the primary interface to the
contract subsystem. There is a subdirectory of /system/contract for each
available contract type.


/system/contract can be mounted on any mount point, in addition to the
standard /system/contract mount point, and can be mounted several places
at once. Such additional mounts are allowed in order to facilitate the
confinement of processes to subtrees of the file system using chroot(1M)
and yet allow such processes to continue to use contract commands and
interfaces.


A combination of standard system calls (for example, open(2), close(2),
and poll(2)) and calls to libcontract(3LIB) access /system/contract
files.


Consumers of the contract file system must be large file aware. See
largefile(5) and lfcompile64(5).

DIRECTORY STRUCTURE


At the top level, the /system/contract directory contains subdirectories
named with each available contract type, and one special directory, all.
Each of these directories is world-readable and world-searchable.

STRUCTURE OF /system/contract/type
Each /system/contract/type directory contains a fixed number of files. It
also contains a variable number of subdirectories corresponding to
existing contracts of type type and named with the decimal representation
of the contracts' IDs.


The following files are in a /system/contract/type directory:

template
Opening this file returns a file descriptor for a new type
contract template.

You can use the following libcontract(3LIB) calls on a
template file descriptor:

>

ct_tmpl_activate(3contract)
ct_tmpl_clear(3contract)
ct_tmpl_create(3contract)


See TERMS for additional template functions.


latest
Opening this file returns a file descriptor for the status
file of the last type contract written by the opening LWP.
See STRUCTURE OF /system/contract/type/id. If the opening LWP
has not created a type contract, opening latest fails with
ESRCH.


bundle
Opening this file returns a file descriptor for an event
endpoint which receives events from all type contracts on the
system. No privileges are required to open a type bundle
event endpoint. Events sent by contracts owned and written by
users other than the reader's effective user id are
invisible, that is, they are silently skipped, unless the
reader has {PRIV_CONTRACT_OBSERVER} in its effective set. See
EVENTS.


pbundle
Opening this file returns a file descriptor for an event
endpoint which receives events from all type contracts held
by the opening process. See EVENTS.


STRUCTURE OF /system/contract/all
The /system/contract/all directory contains a numerically named file for
each contract in the system. Each file is a symbolic link to the type-
specific directory for that contract, that is /system/contract/all/id
points to /system/contract/type/id.

STRUCTURE OF /system/contract/type/id
Each /system/contract/type/id directory contains the following files:

ctl
Opening this file returns a file descriptor for contract id's
control file. The open fails if the opening process does not
hold contract id and the contract has not been inherited by the
process contract of which the opening process is a member. See
process(4).

The following libcontract(3LIB) calls can be made on a ctl file
descriptor if the contract is owned by the caller:

ct_ctl_abandon(3contract)
ct_ctl_newct(3contract)
ct_ctl_ack(3contract)
ct_ctl_qack(3contract)


The following libcontract(3LIB) call can be made on a ctl file
descriptor if the contract doesn't have an owner:

ct_ctl_adopt(3contract)


status
Opening this file returns a file descriptor for contract id's
status file. The following libcontract(3LIB) calls can be made
on a status file descriptor:

ct_status_read(3contract)

See STATUS.


events
Opening this file returns a file descriptor for an event
endpoint which receives events from contract id. See EVENTS.

Only a process which has the same effective user ID as the
process owning the contract, the same effective user ID as the
contract's author, or has {PRIV_CONTRACT_OBSERVER} in its
effective set can open the event endpoint for a contract.


TERMS


The following terms are defined for all contracts:

cookie
Specifies a 64-bit quantity that the contract
author can use to identify the contract. Use
ct_tmpl_set_cookie(3CONTRACT) to set this term.


informative event set
Selects which events are delivered as
informative events. Use
ct_tmpl_set_informative(3CONTRACT) to set this
term.


critical event set
Selects which events are delivered as critical
events. Use ct_tmpl_set_critical(3CONTRACT) to
set this term.


STATUS


A status object returned by ct_status_read(3CONTRACT) contains the
following pieces of information:

contract ID

The numeric ID of the contract. Use ct_status_get_id(3CONTRACT) to
obtain this information.


contract type

The type of the contract, specified as a string. Obtained using
ct_status_get_type(3CONTRACT). The contract type is the same as its
subdirectory name under /system/contract.


creator's zone ID

The zone ID of the process which created the contract. Obtained using
ct_status_get_zoneid(3CONTRACT).


ownership state

The state of the contract, specified as CTS_OWNED, CTS_INHERITED,
CTS_ORPHAN, or CTS_DEAD. Use ct_status_get_state(3CONTRACT) to obtain
this information.


contract holder

If the contract's state is CTS_OWNED, the ID of the process which
owns the contract. If the contract's state is CTS_INHERITED, the ID
of the contract which is acting as regent. If the contract's state is
CTS_ORPHAN or CTS_DEAD, this is undefined. Use
ct_status_get_holder(3CONTRACT) to obtain this information.


number of critical events

The number of unacknowledged critical events pending on the
contract's event queue. Use ct_status_get_nevents(3CONTRACT) to
obtain this information.


negotiation time

The time remaining before the current synchronous negotiation times
out. Use ct_status_get_ntime(3CONTRACT) to obtain this information.


negotiation quantum time

The time remaining before the current negotiation quantum runs out.
Use ct_status_get_qtime(3CONTRACT) to obtain this information.


negotiation event ID

The ID of the event which initiated the negotiation timeout. Use
ct_status_get_nevid(3CONTRACT) to obtain this information.


cookie (term)

The contract's cookie term. Use ct_status_get_cookie(3CONTRACT) to
obtain this information.


Informative event set (term)

The contract's informative event set. Use
ct_status_get_informative(3CONTRACT) to obtain this information.


Critical event set (term)

The contract's critical event set. Use
ct_status_get_critical(3CONTRACT) to obtain this information.


EVENTS


All three event endpoints, /system/contract/type/bundle,
/system/contract/type/pbundle, and /system/contract/type/id/events, are
accessed in the same manner.


The following libcontract(3LIB) interfaces are used with an event
endpoint file descriptor:

ct_event_read(3contract)
ct_event_read_critical(3contract)
ct_event_reset(3contract)


To facilitate processes watching multiple event endpoints, it is possible
to poll(2) on event endpoints. When it is possible to receive on an
endpoint file descriptor, POLLIN is set for that descriptor.


An event object returned by ct_event_read(3CONTRACT) contains the
following information:

contract ID
The ID of the contract that generated the
event. Use ct_event_read(3CONTRACT) to obtain
this information.


event ID
The ID of the contract event.Use
ct_event_get_evid(3CONTRACT).


flags
A bit vector possibly including CT_ACK and
CTE_INFO. Use ct_event_get_flags(3CONTRACT)
to obtain this information.


event type
The type of event, equal to one of the
constants specified in the contract type's
manual page or CT_EV_NEGEND. Use
ct_event_get_type(3CONTRACT) to obtain this
information.


EVENT TYPES


The following event types are defined:

CT_EV_NEGEND
Some time after an exit negotiation is initiated, the
CT_EV_NEGEND event is sent. This indicates that the
negotiation ended. This might be because the operation
was cancelled, or because the operation was successful.
If successful, and the owner requested that a new
contract be written, this contains the ID of that
contract.

CT_EV_NEGEND cannot be included in a contract's
informative or critical event set. It is always delivered
and always critical. If CT_EV_NEGEND indicates that the
operation was successful, no further events are sent. The
contract's owner should use ct_ctl_abandon(3CONTRACT) to
abandon the contract.

A CT_EV_NEGEND event contains:

negotiation ID
The ID of the negotiation which ended.
Use ct_event_get_nevid(3CONTRACT) to
obain this information.


new contract ID
The ID of the newly created contract.
This value is 0 if no contract was
created, or the ID of the existing
contract if the operation was not
completed. Use
ct_event_get_newct(3CONTRACT) to
obtain this information.


FILES


/system/contract

List of all contract types


/system/contract/all

Directory of all contract IDs


/system/contract/all/id

Symbolic link to the type-specific directory of contract id


/system/contract/type

Specific type directory


/system/contract/type/template

Template for the contract type


/system/contract/type/bundle

Listening point for all contracts of that type


/system/contract/type/pbundle

Listening point for all contracts of that type for the opening
process


/system/contract/type /latest

Status of most recent type contract created by the opening LWP


/system/contract/type/ID

Directory for contract id


/system/contract/type/ID/events

Listening point for contract id's events


/system/contract/type/ID/ctl

Control file for contract ID


/system/contract/type/ID/status

Status info for contract ID


SEE ALSO


ctrun(1), ctstat(1), ctwatch(1), chroot(1M), close(2), ioctl(2), open(2),
poll(2), ct_ctl_abandon(3CONTRACT), ct_event_read(3CONTRACT),
ct_event_get_evid(3CONTRACT), ct_event_get_flags(3CONTRACT),
ct_event_get_nevid(3CONTRACT), ct_event_get_newct(3CONTRACT),
ct_event_get_type(3CONTRACT), ct_status_read(3CONTRACT),
ct_status_get_cookie(3CONTRACT), ct_status_get_critical(3CONTRACT),
ct_status_get_holder(3CONTRACT), ct_status_get_id(3CONTRACT),
ct_status_get_informative(3CONTRACT), ct_status_get_nevid(3CONTRACT),
ct_status_get_nevents(3CONTRACT), ct_status_get_ntime(3CONTRACT),
ct_status_get_qtime(3CONTRACT), ct_status_get_state(3CONTRACT),
ct_status_get_type(3CONTRACT), ct_tmpl_set_cookie(3CONTRACT),
ct_tmpl_set_critical(3CONTRACT), ct_tmpl_set_informative(3CONTRACT),
libcontract(3LIB), process(4), largefile(5), lfcompile(5), privileges(5)


November 26, 2017 CONTRACT(4)