LGRP(3PERL) Perl Library Functions LGRP(3PERL)


NAME


Lgrp - Perl interface to Solaris liblgrp library

SYNOPSIS


use Sun::Solaris::Lgrp qw(:ALL);

# initialize lgroup interface
my $cookie = lgrp_init(LGRP_VIEW_OS | LGRP_VIEW_CALLER);
my $l = Sun::Solaris::Lgrp->new(LGRP_VIEW_OS |
LGRP_VIEW_CALLER);

my $version = lgrp_version(LGRP_VER_CURRENT | LGRP_VER_NONE);
$version = $l->version(LGRP_VER_CURRENT | LGRP_VER_NONE);

$home = lgrp_home(P_PID, P_MYID);
$home = l->home(P_PID, P_MYID);

lgrp_affinity_set(P_PID, $pid, $lgrp,
LGRP_AFF_STRONG | LGRP_AFF_WEAK | LGRP_AFF_NONE);
$l->affinity_set(P_PID, $pid, $lgrp,
LGRP_AFF_STRONG | LGRP_AFF_WEAK | LGRP_AFF_NONE);

my $affinity = lgrp_affinity_get(P_PID, $pid, $lgrp);
$affinity = $l->affinity_get(P_PID, $pid, $lgrp);

my $nlgrps = lgrp_nlgrps($cookie);
$nlgrps = $l->nlgrps();

my $root = lgrp_root($cookie);
$root = l->root();

$latency = lgrp_latency($lgrp1, $lgrp2);
$latency = $l->latency($lgrp1, $lgrp2);

my @children = lgrp_children($cookie, $lgrp);
@children = l->children($lgrp);

my @parents = lgrp_parents($cookie, $lgrp);
@parents = l->parents($lgrp);

my @lgrps = lgrp_lgrps($cookie);
@lgrps = l->lgrps();

@lgrps = lgrp_lgrps($cookie, $lgrp);
@lgrps = l->lgrps($lgrp);

my @leaves = lgrp_leaves($cookie);
@leaves = l->leaves();

my $is_leaf = lgrp_isleaf($cookie, $lgrp);
$is_leaf = $l->is_leaf($lgrp);

my @cpus = lgrp_cpus($cookie, $lgrp,
LGRP_CONTENT_HIERARCHY | LGRP_CONTENT_DIRECT);
@cpus = l->cpus($lgrp, LGRP_CONTENT_HIERARCHY |
LGRP_CONTENT_DIRECT);

my $memsize = lgrp_mem_size($cookie, $lgrp,
LGRP_MEM_SZ_INSTALLED | LGRP_MEM_SZ_FREE,
LGRP_CONTENT_HIERARCHY | LGRP_CONTENT_DIRECT);
$memsize = l->mem_size($lgrp,
LGRP_MEM_SZ_INSTALLED | LGRP_MEM_SZ_FREE,
LGRP_CONTENT_HIERARCHY | LGRP_CONTENT_DIRECT);

my $is_stale = lgrp_cookie_stale($cookie);
$stale = l->stale();

lgrp_fini($cookie);

# The following is available for API version greater than 1:
my @lgrps = lgrp_resources($cookie, $lgrp, LGRP_RSRC_CPU);

# Get latencies from cookie
$latency = lgrp_latency_cookie($cookie, $from, $to);


DESCRIPTION


This module provides access to the liblgrp(3LIB) library and to various
constants and functions defined in <sys/lgrp_sys.h>. It provides both the
procedural and object interface to the library. The procedural interface
requires (in most cases) passing around a transparent cookie. The object
interface hides all the cookie manipulations from the user.


Functions returning a scalar value indicate an error by returning undef.
The caller can examine the $! variable to get the error value.


Functions returning a list value return the number of elements in the
list when called in scalar context. In the event of error, the empty list
is returned in the array context and undef is returned in the scalar
context.

Constants


The constants are exported with :CONSTANTS or :ALL tags:

use Sun::Solaris::Lgrp ':ALL';


or

use Sun::Solaris::Lgrp ':CONSTANTS';


The following constants are available for use in Perl programs:
LGRP_NONE
LGRP_VER_CURRENT
LGRP_VER_NONE
LGRP_VIEW_CALLER
LGRP_VIEW_OS
LGRP_AFF_NONE
LGRP_AFF_STRONG
LGRP_AFF_WEAK
LGRP_CONTENT_DIRECT
LGRP_CONTENT_HIERARCHY
LGRP_MEM_SZ_FREE
LGRP_MEM_SZ_FREE
LGRP_RSRC_CPU (1)
LGRP_RSRC_MEM (1)
LGRP_CONTENT_ALL (1)
LGRP_LAT_CPU_TO_MEM (1)
P_PID
P_LWPID
P_MYID


(1) Available for versions of the liblgrp(3LIB) API greater than 1.

Functions


A detailed description of each function follows. Since this module is
intended to provide a Perl interface to the functions in liblgrp(3LIB), a
very short description is given for the corresponding functions in this
module and a reference is given to the complete description in the
liblgrp manual pages. Any differences or additional functionality in the
Perl module are highlighted and fully documented here.

lgrp_init([LGRP_VIEW_CALLER | LGRP_VIEW_OS])

This function initializes the lgroup interface and takes a snapshot
of the lgroup hierarchy with the given view. Given the view,
lgrp_init() returns a cookie representing this snapshot of the lgroup
hierarchy. This cookie should be used with other routines in the
lgroup interface needing the lgroup hierarchy. The lgrp_fini()
function should be called with the cookie when it is no longer
needed. Unlike lgrp_init(3LGRP), LGRP_VIEW_OS is assumed as the
default if no view is provided.

Upon successful completion, lgrp_init() returns a cookie. Otherwise
it returns undef and sets $! to indicate the error.

See lgrp_init(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_fini($cookie)

This function takes a cookie, frees the snapshot of the lgroup
hierarchy created by lgrp_init(), and cleans up anything else set up
by lgrp_init(). After this function is called, the cookie returned by
the lgroup interface might no longer be valid and should not be used.

Upon successful completion, 1 is returned. Otherwise, undef is
returned and $! is set to indicate the error.

See lgrp_fini(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_view($cookie)

This function takes a cookie representing the snapshot of the lgroup
hierarchy and returns the snapshot's view of the lgroup hierarchy.

If the given view is LGRP_VIEW_CALLER, the snapshot contains only the
resources that are available to the caller (such as those with
respect to processor sets). When the view is LGRP_VIEW_OS, the
snapshot contains what is available to the operating system.

Upon successful completion, the function returns the view for the
snapshot of the lgroup hierarchy represented by the given cookie.
Otherwise, undef is returned and $! is set to indicate the error.

See lgrp_view(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_home($idtype, $id)

This function returns the home lgroup for the given process or
thread. The $idtype argument should be P_PID to specify a process and
the $id argument should be its process ID. Otherwise, the $idtype
argument should be P_LWPID to specify a thread and the $id argument
should be its LWP ID. The value P_MYID can be used for the $id
argument to specify the current process or thread.

Upon successful completion, lgrp_home() returns the ID of the home
lgroup of the specified process or thread. Otherwise, undef is
returned and $! is set to indicate the error.

See lgrp_home(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_cookie_stale($cookie)

Upon successful completion, this function returns whether the cookie
is stale. Otherwise, it returns undef and sets $! to indicate the
error.

The lgrp_cookie_stale() function will fail with EINVAL if the cookie
is not valid.

See lgrp_cookie_stale(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_cpus($cookie, $lgrp, $context)

This function takes a cookie representing a snapshot of the lgroup
hierarchy and returns the list of CPUs in the lgroup specified by
$lgrp. The $context argument should be set to one of the following
values to specify whether the direct contents or everything in this
lgroup including its children should be returned:

LGRP_CONTENT_HIERARCHY
everything within this hierarchy


LGRP_CONTENT_DIRECT
directly contained in lgroup

When called in scalar context, lgrp_cpus() function returns the
number of CPUs contained in the specified lgroup.

In the event of error, undef is returned in scalar context and $! is
set to indicate the error. In list context, the empty list is
returned and $! is set.

See lgrp_cpus(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_children($cookie, $lgrp)

This function takes a cookie representing a snapshot of the lgroup
hierarchy and returns the list of lgroups that are children of the
specified lgroup.

When called in scalar context, lgrp_children() returns the number of
children lgroups for the specified lgroup.

In the event of error, undef or empty list is returned and $! is set
to indicate the error.

See lgrp_children(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_parents($cookie, $lgrp)

This function takes a cookie representing a snapshot of the lgroup
hierarchy and returns the list of parents of the specified lgroup.

When called in scalar context, lgrp_parents() returns the number of
parent lgroups for the specified lgroup.

In the event of error, undef or an empty list is returned and $! is
set to indicate the error.

See lgrp_parents(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_nlgrps($cookie)

This function takes a cookie representing a snapshot of the lgroup
hierarchy. It returns the number of lgroups in the hierarchy, where
the number is always at least one.

In the event of error, undef is returned and $! is set to EINVAL,
indicating that the cookie is not valid.

See lgrp_nlgrps(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_root($cookie)

This function returns the root lgroup ID.

In the event of error, undef is returned and $! is set to EINVAL,
indicatng that the cookie is not valid.

See lgrp_root(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_mem_size($cookie, $lgrp, $type, $content)

This function takes a cookie representing a snapshot of the lgroup
hierarchy. The function returns the memory size of the given lgroup
in bytes. The $type argument should be set to one of the following
values:

LGRP_MEM_SZ_FREE
free memory


LGRP_MEM_SZ_INSTALLED
installed memory

The $content argument should be set to one of the following values to
specify whether the direct contents or everything in this lgroup
including its children should be returned:

LGRP_CONTENT_HIERARCHY
Return everything within this hierarchy.


LGRP_CONTENT_DIRECT
Return that which is directly contained in
this lgroup.

The total sizes include all the memory in the lgroup including its
children, while the others reflect only the memory contained directly
in the given lgroup.

Upon successful completion, the size in bytes is returned. Otherwise,
undef is returned and $! is set to indicate the error.

See lgrp_mem_size(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_version([$version])

This function takes an interface version number, $version, as an
argument and returns an lgroup interface version. The $version
argument should be the value of LGRP_VER_CURRENT or LGRP_VER_NONE to
find out the current lgroup interface version on the running system.

If $version is still supported by the implementation, then
lgrp_version() returns the requested version. If LGRP_VER_NONE is
returned, the implementation cannot support the requested version.

If $version is LGRP_VER_NONE, lgrp_version() returns the current
version of the library.

The following example tests whether the version of the interface used
by the caller is supported:

lgrp_version(LGRP_VER_CURRENT) == LGRP_VER_CURRENT or
die("Built with unsupported lgroup interface");

See lgrp_version(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_affinity_set($idtype, $id, $lgrp, $affinity)

This function sets the affinity that the LWP or set of LWPs specified
by $idtype and $id have for the given lgroup. The lgroup affinity can
be set to LGRP_AFF_STRONG, LGRP_AFF_WEAK, or LGRP_AFF_NONE.

If the $idtype is P_PID, the affinity is retrieved for one of the
LWPs in the process or set for all the LWPs of the process with
process ID (PID) $id. The affinity is retrieved or set for the LWP of
the current process with LWP ID $id if $idtype is P_LWPID. If $id is
P_MYID, then the current LWP or process is specified.

There are different levels of affinity that can be specified by a
thread for a particular lgroup. The levels of affinity are the
following from strongest to weakest:

LGRP_AFF_STRONG
strong affinity


LGRP_AFF_WEAK
weak affinity


LGRP_AFF_NONE
no affinity

Upon successful completion, lgrp_affinity_set() returns 1. Otherwise,
it returns undef and set $! to indicate the error.

See lgrp_affinity_set(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_affinity_get($idtype, $id, $lgrp)

This function returns the affinity that the LWP has to a given
lgroup.

See lgrp_affinity_get(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_latency_cookie($cookie, $from, $to, [$between=LGRP_LAT_CPU_TO_MEM])

This function takes a cookie representing a snapshot of the lgroup
hierarchy and returns the latency value between a hardware resource
in the $from lgroup to a hardware resource in the $to lgroup. If
$from is the same lgroup as $to, the latency value within that lgroup
is returned.

The optional $between argument should be set to LGRP_LAT_CPU_TO_MEM
to specify between which hardware resources the latency should be
measured. The only valid value is LGRP_LAT_CPU_TO_MEM, which
represents latency from CPU to memory.

Upon successful completion, lgrp_latency_cookie() return 1.
Otherwise, it returns undef and set $! to indicate the error. For
LGRP API version 1, the lgrp_latency_cookie() is an alias for
lgrp_latency.()

See lgrp_latency_cookie(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_latency($from, $to)

This function is similar to the lgrp_latency_cookie() function, but
returns the latency between the given lgroups at the given instant in
time. Since lgroups can be freed and reallocated, this function
might not be able to provide a consistent answer across calls. For
that reason, lgrp_latency_cookie() should be used in its place.

See lgrp_latency(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_resources($cookie, $lgrp, $type)

This function returns the list of lgroups directly containing
resources of the specified type. The resources are represented by a
set of lgroups in which each lgroup directly contains CPU and/or
memory resources.

The type can be specified as:

LGRP_RSRC_CPU
CPU resources


LGRP_RSRC_MEM
memory resources

In the event of error, undef or an empty list is returned and $! is
set to indicate the error.

This function is available only for API version 2 and returns undef
or an empty list for API version 1 and sets $! to EINVAL.

See lgrp_resources(3LGRP) for more information.


lgrp_lgrps($cookie, [$lgrp])

This function returns a list of all lgroups in a hierarchy starting
from $lgrp. If $lgrp is not specified, uses the value of
lgrp_root($cookie). This function returns the empty list on failure.

When called in scalar context, this function returns the total number
of lgroups in the system.


lgrp_leaves($cookie, [$lgrp])

This function returns a list of all leaf lgroups in a hierarchy
starting from $lgrp. If $lgrp is not specified, this function uses
the value of lgrp_root($cookie). It returns undef or an empty list on
failure.

When called in scalar context, this function returns the total number
of leaf lgroups in the system.


lgrp_isleaf($cookie, $lgrp)

This function returns True if $lgrp is a leaf (has no children).
Otherwise it returns False.


Object methods


new([$view])

This method creates a new Sun::Solaris::Lgrp object. An optional
argument is passed to the lgrp_init() function. By default this
method uses LGRP_VIEW_OS.


cookie()

This method returns a transparent cookie that can be passed to
functions accepting the cookie.


version([$version])

Without the argument, this method returns the current version of the
liblgrp(3LIB) library. This method is a wrapper for lgrp_version()
with LGRP_VER_NONE as the default version argument.


stale()

This method returns T if the lgroup information in the object is
stale and F otherwise. It is a wrapper for lgrp_cookie_stale().


view()

This method returns the snapshot's view of the lgroup hierarchy. It
is a wrapper for lgrp_view().


root()

This method returns the root lgroup. It is a wrapper for lgrp_root().


children($lgrp)

This method returns the list of lgroups that are children of the
specified lgroup. It is a wrapper for lgrp_children().


parents($lgrp)

This method returns the list of lgroups that are parents of the
specified lgroup. It is a wrapper for lgrp_parents().


nlgrps()

This method returns the number of lgroups in the hierarchy. It is a
wrapper for lgrp_nlgrps().


mem_size($lgrp, $type, $content)

This method returns the memory size of the given lgroup in bytes. It
is a wrapper for lgrp_mem_size().


cpus($lgrp, $context)

This method returns the list of CPUs in the lgroup specified by
$lgrp. It is a wrapper for lgrp_cpus().


resources($lgrp, $type)

This method returns the list of lgroups directly containing resources
of the specified type. It is a wrapper for lgrp_resources().


home($idtype, $id)

This method returns the home lgroup for the given process or thread.
It is a wrapper for lgrp_home().


affinity_get($idtype, $id, $lgrp)

This method returns the affinity that the LWP has to a given lgrp. It
is a wrapper for lgrp_affinity_get().


affinity_set($idtype, $id, $lgrp, $affinity)

This method sets the affinity that the LWP or set of LWPs specified
by $idtype and $id have for the given lgroup. It is a wrapper for
lgrp_affinity_set.


lgrps([$lgrp])

This method returns list of all lgroups in a hierarchy starting from
$lgrp or the lgrp_root() if $lgrp is not specified. It is a wrapper
for lgrp_lgrps().


leaves([$lgrp])

This method returns a list of all leaf lgroups in a hierarchy
starting from $lgrp. If $lgrp is not specified, this method uses the
value of lgrp_root(). It is a wrapper for lgrp_leaves().


isleaf($lgrp)

This method returns True if $lgrp is leaf (has no children) and False
otherwise. It is a wrapper for lgrp_isleaf().


latency($from, $to)

This method returns the latency value between a hardware resource in
the $from lgroup to a hardware resource in the $to lgroup. It uses
lgrp_latency() for version 1 of liblgrp and lgrp_latency_cookie() for
newer versions.


Exports


By default nothing is exported from this module. The following tags can
be used to selectively import constants and functions defined in this
module:

:LGRP_CONSTANTS
LGRP_AFF_NONE, LGRP_AFF_STRONG, LGRP_AFF_WEAK,
LGRP_CONTENT_DIRECT, LGRP_CONTENT_HIERARCHY,
LGRP_MEM_SZ_FREE, LGRP_MEM_SZ_INSTALLED,
LGRP_VER_CURRENT, LGRP_VER_NONE, LGRP_VIEW_CALLER,
LGRP_VIEW_OS, LGRP_NONE, LGRP_RSRC_CPU, LGRP_RSRC_MEM,
LGRP_CONTENT_ALL, LGRP_LAT_CPU_TO_MEM


:PROC_CONSTANTS
P_PID, P_LWPID, P_MYID


:CONSTANTS
:LGRP_CONSTANTS, :PROC_CONSTANTS


:FUNCTIONS
lgrp_affinity_get(), lgrp_affinity_set(),
lgrp_children(), lgrp_cookie_stale(), lgrp_cpus(),
lgrp_fini(), lgrp_home(), lgrp_init(), lgrp_latency(),
lgrp_latency_cookie(), lgrp_mem_size(), lgrp_nlgrps(),
lgrp_parents(), lgrp_root(), lgrp_version(),
lgrp_view(), lgrp_resources(), lgrp_lgrps(),
lgrp_leaves(), lgrp_isleaf()


:ALL
:CONSTANTS, :FUNCTIONS


Error values


The functions in this module return undef or an empty list when an
underlying library function fails. The $! is set to provide more
information values for the error. The following error codes are possible:

EINVAL
The value supplied is not valid.


ENOMEM
There was not enough system memory to complete an operation.


EPERM
The effective user of the calling process does not have
appropriate privileges, and its real or effective user ID does
not match the real or effective user ID of one of the threads.


ESRCH
The specified process or thread was not found.


Difference in the API versions


The liblgrp(3LIB) library is versioned. The exact version that was used
to compile a module is available through the lgrp_version() function.


Version 2 of the lgrp_user API introduced the following constants and
functions not present in version 1:
LGRP_RSRC_CPU constant
LGRP_RSRC_MEM constant
LGRP_CONTENT_ALL constant
LGRP_LAT_CPU_TO_MEM constant
lgrp_resources() function
lgrp_latency_cookie() function


The LGRP_RSRC_CPU and LGRP_RSRC_MEM constants are not defined for version
1. The lgrp_resources() function is defined for version 1 but always
returns an empty list. The lgrp_latency_cookie() function is an alias for
lgrp_latency() for version 1.

ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+--------------------+-----------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|Interface Stability | Unstable |
+--------------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


lgrp_affinity_get(3LGRP), lgrp_affinity_set(3LGRP), lgrp_children(3LGRP),
lgrp_cookie_stale(3LGRP), lgrp_cpus(3LGRP), lgrp_fini(3LGRP),
lgrp_home(3LGRP), lgrp_init(3LGRP), lgrp_latency(3LGRP),
lgrp_latency_cookie(3LGRP), lgrp_mem_size(3LGRP), lgrp_nlgrps(3LGRP),
lgrp_parents(3LGRP), lgrp_resources(3LGRP), lgrp_root(3LGRP),
lgrp_version(3LGRP), lgrp_view(3LGRP), liblgrp(3LIB), attributes(5)


April 9, 2016 LGRP(3PERL)