RPC_SOC(3NSL) Networking Services Library Functions RPC_SOC(3NSL)


NAME


rpc_soc, authdes_create, authunix_create, authunix_create_default,
callrpc, clnt_broadcast, clntraw_create, clnttcp_create,
clntudp_bufcreate, clntudp_create, get_myaddress, getrpcport,
pmap_getmaps, pmap_getport, pmap_rmtcall, pmap_set, pmap_unset,
registerrpc, svc_fds, svc_getcaller, svc_getreq, svc_register,
svc_unregister, svcfd_create, svcraw_create, svctcp_create,
svcudp_bufcreate, svcudp_create, xdr_authunix_parms - obsolete library
routines for RPC

SYNOPSIS


#define PORTMAP
#include <rpc/rpc.h>


AUTH *authdes_create(char *name, uint_t window,
struct sockaddr_in *syncaddr, des_block *ckey);


AUTH *authunix_create(char *host, uid_t uid, gid_t gid,
int grouplen, gid_t *gidlistp);


AUTH *authunix_create_default(void)


callrpc(char *host, rpcprog_t prognum, rpcvers_t versnum,
rpcproc_t procnum, xdrproc_t inproc, char *in,
xdrproc_t outproc, char *out);


enum clnt_stat_clnt_broadcast(rpcprog_t prognum, rpcvers_t versnum,
rpcproc_t procnum, xdrproc_t inproc, char *in,
xdrproc_t outproc, char *out, resultproc_teachresult);


CLIENT *clntraw_create(rpcproc_t procnum, rpcvers_t versnum);


CLIENT *clnttcp_create(struct sockaddr_in *addr,
rpcprog_t prognum, rpcvers_t versnum, int *fdp,
uint_t sendz, uint_t recvsz);


CLIENT *clntudp_bufcreate(struct sockaddr_in *addr, rpcprog_t prognum,
rpcvers_t versnum, struct timeval wait,
int *fdp, uint_t sendz, uint_t recvsz);


CLIENT *clntudp_create(struct sockaddr_in *addr,
rpcprog_t prognum, struct timeval wait, int *fdp);


void get_myaddress(struct sockaddr_in *addr);


ushort getrpcport(char *host, rpcprog_t prognum,
rpcvers_t versnum, rpcprot_t proto);


struct pmaplist *pmap_getmaps(struct sockaddr_in *addr);


ushort pmap_getport(struct sockaddr_in *addr,
rpcprog_t prognum, rpcvers_t versnum,
rpcprot_t protocol);


enum clnt_stat pmap_rmtcall(struct sockaddr_in *addr,
rpcprog_t prognum, rpcvers_t versnum,
rpcproc_t progcnum, caddr_t in, xdrproct_t inproc,
caddr_t out, cdrproct_t outproc,
struct timeval tout, rpcport_t *portp);


bool_t pmap_set(rpcprog_t prognum, rpcvers_t versnum,
rpcprot_t protocol, u_short port);


bool_t pmap_unset(rpcprog_t prognum, rpcvers_t versnum);


int svc_fds;


struct sockaddr_in *svc_getcaller(SVCXPRT *xprt);


void svc_getreq(int rdfds);


SVCXPRT *svcfd_create(int fd, uint_t sendsz,
uint_t recvsz);


SVCXPRT *svcraw_create(void)


SVCXPRT *svctcp_create(int fd, uint_t sendsz,
uint_t recvsz);


SVCXPRT *svcudp_bufcreate(int fd, uint_t sendsz,
uint_t recvsz);


SVCXPRT *svcudp_create(int fd);


registerrpc(rpcprog_t prognum, rpcvers_t versnum, rpcproc_t procnum,
char *(*procname)(), xdrproc_t inproc, xdrproc_t outproc);


bool_tsvc_register(SVCXPRT *xprt, rpcprog_t prognum, rpcvers_t versnum,
void (*dispatch(), int protocol);


void svc_unregister(rpcprog_t prognum, rpcvers_t versnum);


bool_t xdr_authunix_parms(XDR *xdrs, struct authunix_parms *supp);


DESCRIPTION


RPC routines allow C programs to make procedure calls on other machines
across the network. First, the client calls a procedure to send a request
to the server. Upon receipt of the request, the server calls a dispatch
routine to perform the requested service, and then sends back a reply.
Finally, the procedure call returns to the client.


The routines described in this manual page have been superseded by other
routines. The preferred routine is given after the description of the
routine. New programs should use the preferred routines, as support for
the older interfaces may be dropped in future releases.

File Descriptors


Transport independent RPC uses TLI as its transport interface instead of
sockets.


Some of the routines described in this section (such as clnttcp_create())
take a pointer to a file descriptor as one of the parameters. If the user
wants the file descriptor to be a socket, then the application will have
to be linked with both librpcsoc and libnsl. If the user passed
RPC_ANYSOCK as the file descriptor, and the application is linked with
libnsl only, then the routine will return a TLI file descriptor and not a
socket.

Routines


The following routines require that the header <rpc/rpc.h> be included.
The symbol PORTMAP should be defined so that the appropriate function
declarations for the old interfaces are included through the header
files.

authdes_create()
authdes_create() is the first of two
routines which interface to the RPC secure
authentication system, known as DES
authentication. The second is
authdes_getucred(), below. Note: the
keyserver daemon keyserv(1M) must be
running for the DES authentication system
to work.

authdes_create(), used on the client side,
returns an authentication handle that will
enable the use of the secure authentication
system. The first parameter name is the
network name, or netname, of the owner of
the server process. This field usually
represents a hostname derived from the
utility routine host2netname(), but could
also represent a user name using
user2netname(). See secure_rpc(3NSL). The
second field is window on the validity of
the client credential, given in seconds. A
small window is more secure than a large
one, but choosing too small of a window
will increase the frequency of
resynchronizations because of clock drift.
The third parameter syncaddr is optional.
If it is NULL, then the authentication
system will assume that the local clock is
always in sync with the server's clock, and
will not attempt resynchronizations. If an
address is supplied, however, then the
system will use the address for consulting
the remote time service whenever
resynchronization is required. This
parameter is usually the address of the RPC
server itself. The final parameter ckey is
also optional. If it is NULL, then the
authentication system will generate a
random DES key to be used for the
encryption of credentials. If it is
supplied, however, then it will be used
instead.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, and it is made obsolete
by authdes_seccreate(). See
secure_rpc(3NSL).


authunix_create()
Create and return an RPC authentication
handle that contains .UX authentication
information. The parameter host is the name
of the machine on which the information was
created; uid is the user's user ID; gid is
the user's current group ID; grouplen and
gidlistp refer to a counted array of groups
to which the user belongs.

It is not very difficult to impersonate a
user.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, and it is made obsolete
by authsys_create(). See
rpc_clnt_auth(3NSL).


authunix_create_default()
Call authunix_create() with the appropriate
parameters.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, and it is made obsolete
by authsys_create_default(). See
rpc_clnt_auth(3NSL).


callrpc()
Call the remote procedure associated with
prognum, versnum, and procnum on the
machine, host. The parameter inproc is used
to encode the procedure's parameters, and
outproc is used to decode the procedure's
results; in is the address of the
procedure's argument, and out is the
address of where to place the result(s).
This routine returns 0 if it succeeds, or
the value of enum clnt_stat cast to an
integer if it fails. The routine
clnt_perrno() is handy for translating
failure statuses into messages. See
rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL).

You do not have control of timeouts or
authentication using this routine. This
routine exists for backward compatibility
only, and is made obsolete by rpc_call().
See rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL).


clnt_stat_clnt_broadcast()
Like callrpc(), except the call message is
broadcast to all locally connected
broadcast nets. Each time the caller
receives a response, this routine calls
eachresult(), whose form is:

eachresult(char *out, struct sockaddr_in *addr);

where out is the same as out passed to
clnt_broadcast(), except that the remote
procedure's output is decoded there; addr
points to the address of the machine that
sent the results. If eachresult() returns
0, clnt_broadcast() waits for more replies;
otherwise it returns with appropriate
status. If eachresult() is NULL,
clnt_broadcast() returns without waiting
for any replies.

Broadcast packets are limited in size to
the maximum transfer unit of the transports
involved. For Ethernet, the callers
argument size is approximately 1500 bytes.
Since the call message is sent to all
connected networks, it may potentially lead
to broadcast storms. clnt_broadcast() uses
SB AUTH_SYS credentials by default. See
rpc_clnt_auth(3NSL). This routine exists
for backward compatibility only, and is
made obsolete by rpc_broadcast(). See
rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL).


clntraw_create()
This routine creates an internal, memory-
based RPC client for the remote program
prognum, version versnum. The transport
used to pass messages to the service is
actually a buffer within the process's
address space, so the corresponding RPC
server should live in the same address
space. See svcraw_create(). This allows
simulation of RPC and acquisition of RPC
overheads, such as round trip times,
without any kernel interference. This
routine returns NULL if it fails.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only. It has the same
functionality as clnt_raw_create(). See
rpc_clnt_create(3NSL), which obsoletes it.


clnttcp_create()
This routine creates an RPC client for the
remote program prognum, version versnum;
the client uses TCP/IP as a transport. The
remote program is located at Internet
address addr. If addr->sin_port is 0, then
it is set to the actual port that the
remote program is listening on. The remote
rpcbind service is consulted for this
information. The parameter *fdp is a file
descriptor, which may be open and bound; if
it is RPC_ANYSOCK, then this routine opens
a new one and sets *fdp. Refer to the File
Descriptor section for more information.
Since TCP-based RPC uses buffered I/O, the
user may specify the size of the send and
receive buffers with the parameters sendsz
and recvsz. Values of 0 choose suitable
defaults. This routine returns NULL if it
fails.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only. clnt_create(),
clnt_tli_create(), or clnt_vc_create()
should be used instead. See
rpc_clnt_create(3NSL).


clntudp_bufcreate()
Create a client handle for the remote
program prognum, on versnum; the client
uses UDP/IP as the transport. The remote
program is located at the Internet address
addr. If addr->sin_port is 0, it is set to
port on which the remote program is
listening on (the remote rpcbind service is
consulted for this information). The
parameter *fdp is a file descriptor, which
may be open and bound. If it is
RPC_ANYSOCK, then this routine opens a new
one and sets *fdp. Refer to the File
Descriptor section for more information.
The UDP transport resends the call message
in intervals of wait time until a response
is received or until the call times out.
The total time for the call to time out is
specified by clnt_call(). See
rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL). If successful it
returns a client handle, otherwise it
returns NULL. The error can be printed
using the clnt_pcreateerror() routine. See
rpc_clnt_create(3NSL).

The user can specify the maximum packet
size for sending and receiving by using
sendsz and recvsz arguments for UDP-based
RPC messages.

If addr->sin_port is 0 and the requested
version number versnum is not registered
with the remote portmap service, it returns
a handle if at least a version number for
the given program number is registered.
The version mismatch is discovered by a
clnt_call() later (see
rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL)).

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only. clnt_tli_create() or
clnt_dg_create() should be used instead.
See rpc_clnt_create(3NSL).


clntudp_create()
This routine creates an RPC client handle
for the remote program prognum, version
versnum; the client uses UDP/IP as a
transport. The remote program is located at
Internet address addr. If addr->sin_port is
0, then it is set to actual port that the
remote program is listening on. The remote
rpcbind service is consulted for this
information. The parameter *fdp is a file
descriptor, which may be open and bound; if
it is RPC_ANYSOCK, then this routine opens
a new one and sets *fdp. Refer to the File
Descriptor section for more information.
The UDP transport resends the call message
in intervals of wait time until a response
is received or until the call times out.
The total time for the call to time out is
specified by clnt_call(). See
rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL). clntudp_create()
returns a client handle on success,
otherwise it returns NULL. The error can be
printed using the clnt_pcreateerror()
routine. See rpc_clnt_create(3NSL).

Since UDP-based RPC messages can only hold
up to 8 Kbytes of encoded data, this
transport cannot be used for procedures
that take large arguments or return huge
results.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only. clnt_create(),
clnt_tli_create(), or clnt_dg_create()
should be used instead. See
rpc_clnt_create(3NSL).


get_myaddress()
Places the local system's IP address into
*addr, without consulting the library
routines that deal with /etc/hosts. The
port number is always set to
htons(PMAPPORT).

This routine is only intended for use with
the RPC library. It returns the local
system's address in a form compatible with
the RPC library, and should not be taken as
the system's actual IP address. In fact,
the *addr buffer's host address part is
actually zeroed. This address may have only
local significance and should not be
assumed to be an address that can be used
to connect to the local system by remote
systems or processes.

This routine remains for backward
compatibility only. The routine
netdir_getbyname() should be used with the
name HOST_SELF to retrieve the local
system's network address as a netbuf
structure. See netdir(3NSL).


getrpcport()
getrpcport() returns the port number for
the version versnum of the RPC program
prognum running on host and using protocol
proto. getrpcport() returns 0 if the RPC
system failed to contact the remote portmap
service, the program associated with
prognum is not registered, or there is no
mapping between the program and a port.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only. Enhanced functionality
is provided by rpcb_getaddr(). See
rpcbind(3NSL).


pmaplist()
A user interface to the portmap service,
which returns a list of the current RPC
program-to-port mappings on the host
located at IP address addr. This routine
can return NULL . The command `rpcinfo-p'
uses this routine.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, enhanced functionality
is provided by rpcb_getmaps(). See
rpcbind(3NSL).


pmap_getport()
A user interface to the portmap service,
which returns the port number on which
waits a service that supports program
prognum, version versnum, and speaks the
transport protocol associated with
protocol. The value of protocol is most
likely IPPROTO_UDP or IPPROTO_TCP. A return
value of 0 means that the mapping does not
exist or that the RPC system failured to
contact the remote portmap service. In the
latter case, the global variable
rpc_createerr contains the RPC status.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, enhanced functionality
is provided by rpcb_getaddr(). See
rpcbind(3NSL).


pmap_rmtcall()
Request that the portmap on the host at IP
address *addr make an RPC on the behalf of
the caller to a procedure on that host.
*portp is modified to the program's port
number if the procedure succeeds. The
definitions of other parameters are
discussed in callrpc() and clnt_call(). See
rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL).

This procedure is only available for the
UDP transport.

If the requested remote procedure is not
registered with the remote portmap then no
error response is returned and the call
times out. Also, no authentication is done.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, enhanced functionality
is provided by rpcb_rmtcall(). See
rpcbind(3NSL).


pmap_set()
A user interface to the portmap service,
that establishes a mapping between the
triple [prognum, versnum, protocol] and
port on the machine's portmap service. The
value of protocol may be IPPROTO_UDP or
IPPROTO_TCP. Formerly, the routine failed
if the requested port was found to be in
use. Now, the routine only fails if it
finds that port is still bound. If port is
not bound, the routine completes the
requested registration. This routine
returns 1 if it succeeds, 0 otherwise.
Automatically done by svc_register().

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, enhanced functionality
is provided by rpcb_set(). See
rpcbind(3NSL).


pmap_unset()
A user interface to the portmap service,
which destroys all mapping between the
triple [prognum, versnum, all-protocols]
and port on the machine's portmap service.
This routine returns one if it succeeds, 0
otherwise.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, enhanced functionality
is provided by rpcb_unset(). See
rpcbind(3NSL).


svc_fds()
A global variable reflecting the RPC
service side's read file descriptor bit
mask; it is suitable as a parameter to the
select() call. This is only of interest if
a service implementor does not call
svc_run(), but rather does his own
asynchronous event processing. This
variable is read-only , yet it may change
after calls to svc_getreq() or any creation
routines. Do not pass its address to
select()! Similar to svc_fdset, but limited
to 32 descriptors.

This interface is made obsolete by
svc_fdset. See rpc_svc_calls(3NSL).


svc_getcaller()
This routine returns the network address,
represented as a struct sockaddr_in, of the
caller of a procedure associated with the
RPC service transport handle, xprt.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, and is obsolete. The
preferred interface is svc_getrpccaller().
See rpc_svc_reg(3NSL), which returns the
address as a struct netbuf.


svc_getreq()
This routine is only of interest if a
service implementor does not call
svc_run(), but instead implements custom
asynchronous event processing. It is
called when the select() call has
determined that an RPC request has arrived
on some RPC file descriptors; rdfds is the
resultant read file descriptor bit mask.
The routine returns when all file
descriptors associated with the value of
rdfds have been serviced. This routine is
similar to svc_getreqset() but is limited
to 32 descriptors.

This interface is made obsolete by
svc_getreqset().


svcfd_create()
Create a service on top of any open and
bound descriptor. Typically, this
descriptor is a connected file descriptor
for a stream protocol. Refer to the File
Descriptor section for more information.
sendsz and recvsz indicate sizes for the
send and receive buffers. If they are 0, a
reasonable default is chosen.

This interface is made obsolete by
svc_fd_create() (see rpc_svc_create(3NSL)).


svcraw_create()
This routine creates an internal, memory-
based RPC service transport, to which it
returns a pointer. The transport is really
a buffer within the process's address
space, so the corresponding RPC client
should live in the same address space; see
clntraw_create(). This routine allows
simulation of RPC and acquisition of RPC
overheads (such as round trip times),
without any kernel interference. This
routine returns NULL if it fails.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, and has the same
functionality of svc_raw_create(). See
rpc_svc_create(3NSL), which obsoletes it.


svctcp_create()
This routine creates a TCP/IP-based RPC
service transport, to which it returns a
pointer. The transport is associated with
the file descriptor fd, which may be
RPC_ANYSOCK, in which case a new file
descriptor is created. If the file
descriptor is not bound to a local TCP
port, then this routine binds it to an
arbitrary port. Refer to the File
Descriptor section for more information.
Upon completion, xprt->xp_fd is the
transport's file descriptor, and
xprt->xp_port is the transport's port
number. This routine returns NULL if it
fails. Since TCP-based RPC uses buffered
I/O, users may specify the size of buffers;
values of 0 choose suitable defaults.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only. svc_create(),
svc_tli_create(), or svc_vc_create() should
be used instead. See rpc_svc_create(3NSL).


svcudp_bufcreate()
This routine creates a UDP/IP-based RPC
service transport, to which it returns a
pointer. The transport is associated with
the file descriptor fd. If fd is
RPC_ANYSOCK then a new file descriptor is
created. If the file descriptor is not
bound to a local UDP port, then this
routine binds it to an arbitrary port. Upon
completion, xprt->xp_fd is the transport's
file descriptor, and xprt->xp_port is the
transport's port number. Refer to the File
Descriptor section for more information.
This routine returns NULL if it fails.

The user specifies the maximum packet size
for sending and receiving UDP-based RPC
messages by using the sendsz and recvsz
parameters.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only. svc_tli_create(), or
svc_dg_create() should be used instead. See
rpc_svc_create(3NSL).


svcudp_create()
This routine creates a UDP/IP-based RPC
service transport, to which it returns a
pointer. The transport is associated with
the file descriptor fd, which may be
RPC_ANYSOCK, in which case a new file
descriptor is created. If the file
descriptor is not bound to a local UDP
port, then this routine binds it to an
arbitrary port. Upon completion,
xprt->xp_fd is the transport's file
descriptor, and xprt->xp_port is the
transport's port number. This routine
returns NULL if it fails.

Since UDP-based RPC messages can only hold
up to 8 Kbytes of encoded data, this
transport cannot be used for procedures
that take large arguments or return huge
results.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only. svc_create(),
svc_tli_create(), or svc_dg_create() should
be used instead. See rpc_svc_create(3NSL).


registerrpc()
Register program prognum, procedure
procname, and version versnum with the RPC
service package. If a request arrives for
program prognum, version versnum, and
procedure procnum, procname is called with
a pointer to its parameter(s). procname
should return a pointer to its static
result(s). inproc is used to decode the
parameters while outproc is used to encode
the results. This routine returns 0 if the
registration succeeded, -1 otherwise.

svc_run() must be called after all the
services are registered.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, and it is made obsolete
by rpc_reg().


svc_register()
Associates prognum and versnum with the
service dispatch procedure, dispatch. If
protocol is 0, the service is not
registered with the portmap service. If
protocol is non-zero, then a mapping of the
triple [prognum, versnum, protocol] to
xprt->xp_port is established with the local
portmap service (generally protocol is 0,
IPPROTO_UDP or IPPROTO_TCP). The procedure
dispatch has the following form:

dispatch(struct svc_req *request, SVCXPRT *xprt);

The svc_register() routine returns one if
it succeeds, and 0 otherwise.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only. Enhanced functionality
is provided by svc_reg().


svc_unregister()
Remove all mapping of the double [prognum,
versnum] to dispatch routines, and of the
triple [prognum, versnum, all-protocols] to
port number from portmap.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility. Enhanced functionality is
provided by svc_unreg().


xdr_authunix_parms()
Used for describing UNIX credentials. This
routine is useful for users who wish to
generate these credentials without using
the RPC authentication package.

This routine exists for backward
compatibility only, and is made obsolete by
xdr_authsys_parms(). See rpc_xdr(3NSL).


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+---------------+-----------------+
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+---------------+-----------------+
|MT-Level | Unsafe |
+---------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


keyserv(1M), rpcbind(1M), rpcinfo(1M), netdir(3NSL),
netdir_getbyname(3NSL), rpc(3NSL), rpc_clnt_auth(3NSL),
rpc_clnt_calls(3NSL), rpc_clnt_create(3NSL), rpc_svc_calls(3NSL),
rpc_svc_create(3NSL), rpc_svc_err(3NSL), rpc_svc_reg(3NSL),
rpc_xdr(3NSL), rpcbind(3NSL), secure_rpc(3NSL), select(3C),
xdr_authsys_parms(3NSL), libnsl(3LIB), attributes(5)

NOTES


These interfaces are unsafe in multithreaded applications. Unsafe
interfaces should be called only from the main thread.


May 13, 2017 RPC_SOC(3NSL)