GETRPCBYNAME(3NSL) Networking Services Library Functions GETRPCBYNAME(3NSL)


NAME


getrpcbyname, getrpcbyname_r, getrpcbynumber, getrpcbynumber_r,
getrpcent, getrpcent_r, setrpcent, endrpcent - get RPC entry

SYNOPSIS


cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lnsl [ library ... ]
#include <rpc/rpcent.h>


struct rpcent *getrpcbyname(const char *name);


struct rpcent *getrpcbyname_r(const char *name, struct rpcent *result,
char *buffer, int buflen);


struct rpcent *getrpcbynumber(const int number);


struct rpcent *getrpcbynumber_r(const int number, struct rpcent *result,
char *buffer, int buflen);


struct rpcent *getrpcent(void);


struct rpcent *getrpcent_r(struct rpcent *result, char *buffer,
int buflen);


void setrpcent(const int stayopen);


void endrpcent(void);


DESCRIPTION


These functions are used to obtain entries for RPC (Remote Procedure
Call) services. An entry may come from any of the sources for rpc
specified in the /etc/nsswitch.conf file (see nsswitch.conf(4)).


getrpcbyname() searches for an entry with the RPC service name specified
by the parameter name.


getrpcbynumber() searches for an entry with the RPC program number
number.


The functions setrpcent(), getrpcent(), and endrpcent() are used to
enumerate RPC entries from the database.


setrpcent() sets (or resets) the enumeration to the beginning of the set
of RPC entries. This function should be called before the first call to
getrpcent(). Calls to getrpcbyname() and getrpcbynumber() leave the
enumeration position in an indeterminate state. If the stayopen flag is
non-zero, the system may keep allocated resources such as open file
descriptors until a subsequent call to endrpcent().


Successive calls to getrpcent() return either successive entries or NULL,
indicating the end of the enumeration.


endrpcent() may be called to indicate that the caller expects to do no
further RPC entry retrieval operations; the system may then deallocate
resources it was using. It is still allowed, but possibly less
efficient, for the process to call more RPC entry retrieval functions
after calling endrpcent().

Reentrant Interfaces


The functions getrpcbyname(), getrpcbynumber(), and getrpcent() use
static storage that is re-used in each call, making these routines unsafe
for use in multithreaded applications.


The functions getrpcbyname_r(), getrpcbynumber_r(), and getrpcent_r()
provide reentrant interfaces for these operations.


Each reentrant interface performs the same operation as its non-reentrant
counterpart, named by removing the ``_r'' suffix. The reentrant
interfaces, however, use buffers supplied by the caller to store returned
results, and are safe for use in both single-threaded and multithreaded
applications.


Each reentrant interface takes the same parameters as its non-reentrant
counterpart, as well as the following additional parameters. The
parameter result must be a pointer to a struct rpcent structure allocated
by the caller. On successful completion, the function returns the RPC
entry in this structure. The parameter buffer must be a pointer to a
buffer supplied by the caller. This buffer is used as storage space for
the RPC entry data. All of the pointers within the returned struct
rpcent result point to data stored within this buffer (see RETURN
VALUES). The buffer must be large enough to hold all of the data
associated with the RPC entry. The parameter buflen should give the size
in bytes of the buffer indicated by buffer.


For enumeration in multithreaded applications, the position within the
enumeration is a process-wide property shared by all threads. setrpcent()
may be used in a multithreaded application but resets the enumeration
position for all threads. If multiple threads interleave calls to
getrpcent_r(), the threads will enumerate disjoint subsets of the RPC
entry database.


Like their non-reentrant counterparts, getrpcbyname_r() and
getrpcbynumber_r() leave the enumeration position in an indeterminate
state.

RETURN VALUES


RPC entries are represented by the struct rpcent structure defined in
<rpc/rpcent.h>:

struct rpcent {
char *r_name; /* name of this rpc service
char **r_aliases; /* zero-terminated list of alternate names */
int r_number; /* rpc program number */
};


The functions getrpcbyname(), getrpcbyname_r(), getrpcbynumber(), and
getrpcbynumber_r() each return a pointer to a struct rpcent if they
successfully locate the requested entry; otherwise they return NULL.


The functions getrpcent() and getrpcent_r() each return a pointer to a
struct rpcent if they successfully enumerate an entry; otherwise they
return NULL, indicating the end of the enumeration.


The functions getrpcbyname(), getrpcbynumber(), and getrpcent() use
static storage, so returned data must be copied before a subsequent call
to any of these functions if the data is to be saved.


When the pointer returned by the reentrant functions getrpcbyname_r(),
getrpcbynumber_r(), and getrpcent_r() is non-NULL, it is always equal to
the result pointer that was supplied by the caller.

ERRORS


The reentrant functions getrpcyname_r(), getrpcbynumber_r() and
getrpcent_r() will return NULL and set errno to ERANGE if the length of
the buffer supplied by caller is not large enough to store the result.
See Intro(2) for the proper usage and interpretation of errno in
multithreaded applications.

FILES


/etc/rpc


/etc/nsswitch.conf

ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+---------------+----------------------------+
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+---------------+----------------------------+
|MT-Level | See "Reentrant Interfaces" |
| | in DESCRIPTION. |
+---------------+----------------------------+

SEE ALSO


rpcinfo(1M), rpc(3NSL), nsswitch.conf(4), rpc(4), attributes(5)

WARNINGS


The reentrant interfaces getrpcbyname_r(), getrpcbynumber_r(), and
getrpcent_r() are included in this release on an uncommitted basis only,
and are subject to change or removal in future minor releases.

NOTES


When compiling multithreaded applications, see Intro(3), Notes On
Multithreaded Applications, for information about the use of the
_REENTRANT flag.


Use of the enumeration interfaces getrpcent() and getrpcent_r() is
discouraged; enumeration may not be supported for all database sources.
The semantics of enumeration are discussed further in nsswitch.conf(4).


February 20, 1998 GETRPCBYNAME(3NSL)