ACCT.H(3HEAD) Headers ACCT.H(3HEAD)


NAME


acct.h, acct - per-process accounting file format

SYNOPSIS


#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/acct.h>


DESCRIPTION


Files produced as a result of calling acct(2) have records in the form
defined by <sys/acct.h>, whose contents are:

typedef ushort_t comp_t; /* pseudo "floating point"
representation */
/* 3 bit base-8 exponent in the high */
/* order bits, and a 13-bit fraction */
/* in the low order bits. */

struct acct
{
char ac_flag; /* Accounting flag */
char ac_stat; /* Exit status */
uid_t ac_uid; /* Accounting user ID */
gid_t ac_gid; /* Accounting group ID */
dev_t ac_tty; /* control tty */
time_t ac_btime; /* Beginning time */
comp_t ac_utime; /* accounting user time in clock ticks */
comp_t ac_stime; /* accounting system time in clock ticks */
comp_t ac_etime; /* accounting total elapsed time in clock
ticks */
comp_t ac_mem; /* memory usage in clicks (pages) */
comp_t ac_io; /* chars transferred by read/write */
comp_t ac_rw; /* number of block reads/writes */
char ac_comm[8]; /* command name */
};

/*
* Accounting Flags
*/

#define AFORK 01 /* has executed fork, but no exec */
#define ASU 02 /* used super-user privileges */
#define ACCTF 0300 /* record type */
#define AEXPND 040 /* Expanded Record Type - default */


In ac_flag, the AFORK flag is turned on by each fork and turned off by an
exec. The ac_comm field is inherited from the parent process and is reset
by any exec. Each time the system charges the process with a clock tick,
it also adds to ac_mem the current process size, computed as follows:


(data size) + (text size) / (number of in-core processes using text)


The value of ac_mem/(ac_stime+ac_utime) can be viewed as an approximation
to the mean process size, as modified by text sharing.


The structure tacct, (which resides with the source files of the
accounting commands), represents a summary of accounting statistics for
the user id ta_uid. This structure is used by the accounting commands to
report statistics based on user id.

/*
* total accounting (for acct period), also for day
*/
struct tacct {
uid_t ta_uid; /* user id */
char ta_name[8]; /* login name */
float ta_cpu[2]; /* cum. cpu time in minutes, */
/* p/np (prime/non-prime time) */
float ta_kcore[2]; /* cum. kcore-minutes, p/np */
float ta_con[2]; /* cum. connect time in minutes,
p/np */
float ta_du; /* cum. disk usage (blocks)*/
long ta_pc; /* count of processes */
unsigned short ta_sc; /* count of login sessions */
unsigned short ta_dc; /* count of disk samples */
unsigned short ta_fee; /* fee for special services */
};


The ta_cpu, ta_kcore, and ta_con members contain usage information
pertaining to prime time and non-prime time hours. The first element in
each array represents the time the resource was used during prime time
hours. The second element in each array represents the time the
resource was used during non-prime time hours. Prime time and non-prime
time hours may be set in the holidays file (see holidays(4)).


The ta_kcore member is a cumulative measure of the amount of memory used
over the accounting period by processes owned by the user with uid
ta_uid. The amount shown represents kilobyte segments of memory used, per
minute.


The ta_con member represents the amount of time the user was logged in to
the system.

FILES


/etc/acct/holidays
prime/non-prime time table


SEE ALSO


acctcom(1), acct(1M), acctcon(1M), acctmerg(1M), acctprc(1M), acctsh(1M),
prtacct(1M), runacct(1M), shutacct(1M), acct(2), exec(2), fork(2)

NOTES


The ac_mem value for a short-lived command gives little information about
the actual size of the command, because ac_mem may be incremented while a
different command (for example, the shell) is being executed by the
process.


May 19, 1994 ACCT.H(3HEAD)