CURS_ADDCH(3CURSES) Curses Library Functions CURS_ADDCH(3CURSES)


NAME


curs_addch, addch, waddch, mvaddch, mvwaddch, echochar, wechochar - add a
character (with attributes) to a curses window and advance cursor

SYNOPSIS


cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lcurses [ library .. ]
#include <curses.h>

int addch(chtype ch);


int waddch(WINDOW *win, chtype ch);


int mvaddch(int y, int x, chtype ch);


int mvwaddch(WINDOW *win, int y, int x, chtype ch);


int echochar(chtype ch);


int wechochar(WINDOW *win, chtype ch);


DESCRIPTION


With the addch(), waddch(), mvaddch(), and mvwaddch() routines, the
character ch is put into the window at the current cursor position of the
window and the position of the window cursor is advanced. Its function is
similar to that of putchar(). At the right margin, an automatic newline
is performed. At the bottom of the scrolling region, if scrollok() is
enabled, the scrolling region is scrolled up one line.


If ch is a tab, newline, or backspace, the cursor is moved appropriately
within the window. A newline also does a clrtoeol() before moving. Tabs
are considered to be at every eighth column. If ch is another control
character, it is drawn in the ^X notation. Calling winch() after adding a
control character does not return the control character, but instead
returns the representation of the control character. See
curs_inch(3CURSES).


Video attributes can be combined with a character by OR-ing them into the
parameter. This results in these attributes also being set. (The intent
here is that text, including attributes, can be copied from one place to
another using inch() and addch().) (see standout(), predefined video
attribute constants, on the curs_attr(3CURSES) page).


The echochar() and wechochar() routines are functionally equivalent to a
call to addch() followed by a call to refresh(), or a call to waddch
followed by a call to wrefresh(). The knowledge that only a single
character is being output is taken into consideration and, for non-
control characters, a considerable performance gain might be seen by
using these routines instead of their equivalents.

Line Graphics


The following variables may be used to add line drawing characters to the
screen with routines of the addch() family. When variables are defined
for the terminal, the A_ALTCHARSET bit is turned on (see
curs_attr(3CURSES)). Otherwise, the default character listed below is
stored in the variable. The names chosen are consistent with the VT100
nomenclature.


+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
| Name | Default | Glyph Description |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_ULCORNER | + | upper left-hand corner |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_LLCORNER | + | lower left-hand corner |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_URCORNER | + | upper right-hand corner |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_LRCORNER | + | lower right-hand corner |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_RTEE | + | right tee |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_LTEE | + | left tee |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_BTEE | + | bottom tee |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_TTEE | + | top tee |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_HLINE | - | horizontal line |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_VLINE | | | vertical line |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_PLUS | + | plus |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_S1 | - | scan line 1 |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_S9 | - | scan line 9 |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_DIAMOND | + | diamond |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_CKBOARD | : | checker board (stipple) |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_DEGREE | ' | degree symbol |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_PLMINUS | # | plus/minus |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_BULLET | o | bullet |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_LARROW | < | arrow pointing left |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_RARROW | > | arrow pointing right |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_DARROW | v | arrow pointing down |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_UARROW | ^ | arrow pointing up |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_BOARD | # | board of squares |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_LANTERN | # | lantern symbol |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+
|ACS_BLOCK | # | solid square block |
+-------------+---------+-------------------------+

RETURN VALUES


All routines return the integer ERR upon failure and an integer value
other than ERR upon successful completion.

ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+---------------+-----------------+
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+---------------+-----------------+
|MT-Level | Unsafe |
+---------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


putc(3C), curs_attr(3CURSES), curs_clear(3CURSES), curs_inch(3CURSES),
curs_outopts(3CURSES), curs_refresh(3CURSES), curses(3CURSES),
attributes(7)

NOTES


The header <curses.h> automatically includes the headers <stdio.h> and
<unctrl.h>.


Note that addch(), mvaddch(), mvwaddch(), and echochar() may be macros.


illumos December 31, 1996 CURS_ADDCH(3CURSES)