curs_outopts, clearok, idlok, idcok, immedok, leaveok, setscrreg,
wsetscrreg, scrollok, nl, nonl - curses terminal output option control


cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lcurses [ library ... ]
#include <curses.h>

int clearok(WINDOW *win, bool bf);

int idlok(WINDOW *win, bool bf);

void idcok(WINDOW *win, bool bf);

void immedok(WINDOW *win, bool bf);

int leaveok(WINDOW *win, bool bf);

int setscrreg(int top, int bot);

int wsetscrreg(WINDOW *win, int top, int bot);

int scrollok(WINDOW *win, bool bf);

int nl(void);

int nonl(void);


These routines set options that deal with output within curses. All
options are initially FALSE, unless otherwise stated. It is not necessary
to turn these options off before calling endwin().

With the clearok() routine, if enabled (bf is TRUE), the next call to
wrefresh() with this window will clear the screen completely and redraw
the entire screen from scratch. This is useful when the contents of the
screen are uncertain, or in some cases for a more pleasing visual effect.
If the win argument to clearok() is the global variable curscr(), the
next call to wrefresh() with any window causes the screen to be cleared
and repainted from scratch.

With the idlok() routine, if enabled (bf is TRUE), curses considers using
the hardware insert/delete line feature of terminals so equipped. If
disabled (bf is FALSE) , curses very seldom uses this feature. (The
insert/delete character feature is always considered.) This option should
be enabled only if the application needs insert/delete line, for example,
for a screen editor. It is disabled by default because insert/delete line
tends to be visually annoying when used in applications where it isn't
really needed. If insert/delete line cannot be used, curses redraws the
changed portions of all lines.

With the idcok() routine, if enabled (bf is TRUE), curses considers using
the hardware insert/delete character feature of terminals so equipped.
This is enabled by default.

With the immedok() routine, if enabled (bf is TRUE), any change in the
window image, such as the ones caused by waddch(), wclrtobot(), wscrl(),
etc., automatically cause a call to wrefresh(). However, it may degrade
the performance considerably, due to repeated calls to wrefresh(). It is
disabled by default. Normally, the hardware cursor is left at the
location of the window cursor being refreshed. The leaveok() option
allows the cursor to be left wherever the update happens to leave it. It
is useful for applications where the cursor is not used, since it reduces
the need for cursor motions. If possible, the cursor is made invisible
when this option is enabled.

The setscrreg() and wsetscrreg() routines allow the application
programmer to set a software scrolling region in a window. top and bot
are the line numbers of the top and bottom margin of the scrolling
region. (Line 0 is the top line of the window.) If this option and
scrollok() are enabled, an attempt to move off the bottom margin line
causes all lines in the scrolling region to scroll up one line. Only the
text of the window is scrolled. (Note that this has nothing to do with
the use of a physical scrolling region capability in the terminal, like
that in the VT100. If idlok() is enabled and the terminal has either a
scrolling region or insert/delete line capability, they will probably be
used by the output routines.)

The scrollok() option controls what happens when the cursor of a window
is moved off the edge of the window or scrolling region, either as a
result of a newline action on the bottom line, or typing the last
character of the last line. If disabled, (bf is FALSE), the cursor is
left on the bottom line. If enabled, (bf is TRUE), wrefresh() is called
on the window, and the physical terminal and window are scrolled up one
line. (Note that in order to get the physical scrolling effect on the
terminal, it is also necessary to call idlok().)

The nl() and nonl() routines control whether newline is translated into
carriage return and linefeed on output, and whether return is translated
into newline on input. Initially, the translations do occur. By disabling
these translations using nonl(), curses is able to make better use of the
linefeed capability, resulting in faster cursor motion.


setscrreg() and wsetscrreg() return OK upon success and ERR upon failure.
All other routines that return an integer always return OK.


See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

|MT-Level | Unsafe |


curs_addch(3CURSES), curs_clear(3CURSES), curs_initscr(3CURSES),
curs_refresh(3CURSES), curs_scroll(3CURSES), curses(3CURSES),


The header <curses.h> automatically includes the headers <stdio.h> and

Note that clearok(), leaveok(), scrollok(), idcok(), nl(), nonl(), and
setscrreg() may be macros.

The immedok() routine is useful for windows that are used as terminal

illumos December 31, 1996 CURS_OUTOPTS(3CURSES)