SIGSTACK(3C) Standard C Library Functions SIGSTACK(3C)


sigstack - set and/or get alternate signal stack context


#include <signal.h>

int sigstack(struct sigstack *ss, struct sigstack *oss);


The sigstack() function allows the calling process to indicate to the
system an area of its address space to be used for processing signals
received by the process.

If the ss argument is not a null pointer, it must point to a sigstack
structure. The length of the application-supplied stack must be at least
SIGSTKSZ bytes. If the alternate signal stack overflows, the resulting
behavior is undefined. (See USAGE below.)

o The value of the ss_onstack member indicates whether the
process wants the system to use an alternate signal stack when
delivering signals.

o The value of the ss_sp member indicates the desired location
of the alternate signal stack area in the process' address

o If the ss argument is a null pointer, the current alternate
signal stack context is not changed.

If the oss argument is not a null pointer, it points to a sigstack
structure in which the current alternate signal stack context is placed.
The value stored in the ss_onstack member of oss will be non-zero if the
process is currently executing on the alternate signal stack. If the oss
argument is a null pointer, the current alternate signal stack context is
not returned.

When a signal's action indicates its handler should execute on the
alternate signal stack (specified by calling sigaction(2)), sigstack()
checks to see if the process is currently executing on that stack. If
the process is not currently executing on the alternate signal stack, the
system arranges a switch to the alternate signal stack for the duration
of the signal handler's execution.

After a successful call to one of the exec functions, there are no
alternate signal stacks in the new process image.


Upon successful completion, sigstack() returns 0. Otherwise, it returns
-1 and sets errno to indicate the error.


The sigstack() function will fail if:

An attempt was made to modify an active stack.


A portable application, when being written or rewritten, should use
sigaltstack(2) instead of sigstack().

The direction of stack growth is not indicated in the historical
definition of struct sigstack. The only way to portably establish a stack
pointer is for the application to determine stack growth direction, or to
allocate a block of storage and set the stack pointer to the middle.
sigstack() may assume that the size of the signal stack is SIGSTKSZ as
found in <signal.h>. An application that would like to specify a signal
stack size other than SIGSTKSZ should use sigaltstack(2).

Applications should not use longjmp(3C) to leave a signal handler that is
running on a stack established with sigstack(). Doing so may disable
future use of the signal stack. For abnormal exit from a signal handler,
siglongjmp(3C), setcontext(2), or swapcontext(3C) may be used. These
functions fully support switching from one stack to another.

The sigstack() function requires the application to have knowledge of the
underlying system's stack architecture. For this reason, sigaltstack(2)
is recommended over this function.


fork(2), sigaltstack(2), _longjmp(3C), longjmp(3C), setjmp(3C),
siglongjmp(3C), sigsetjmp(3C)

February 28, 1996 SIGSTACK(3C)