SEM_OPEN(3C) Standard C Library Functions SEM_OPEN(3C)


NAME


sem_open - initialize/open a named semaphore

SYNOPSIS


#include <semaphore.h>

sem_t *sem_open(const char *name, int oflag,
/* unsigned long mode, unsigned int value */ ...);


DESCRIPTION


The sem_open() function establishes a connection between a named
semaphore and a process (or LWP or thread). Following a call to
sem_open() with semaphore name name, the process may reference the
semaphore associated with name using the address returned from the call.
This semaphore may be used in subsequent calls to sem_wait(3C),
sem_trywait(3C), sem_post(3C), and sem_close(3C). The semaphore remains
usable by this process until the semaphore is closed by a successful call
to sem_close(3C), _Exit(2), or one of the exec functions.


The oflag argument controls whether the semaphore is created or merely
accessed by the call to sem_open(). The following flag bits may be set in
oflag:

O_CREAT
This flag is used to create a semaphore if it does not already
exist. If O_CREAT is set and the semaphore already exists,
then O_CREAT has no effect, except as noted under O_EXCL.
Otherwise, sem_open() creates a named semaphore. The O_CREAT
flag requires a third and a fourth argument: mode, which is of
type mode_t, and value, which is of type unsigned int. The
semaphore is created with an initial value of value. Valid
initial values for semaphores are less than or equal to
SEM_VALUE_MAX.

The user ID of the semaphore is set to the effective user ID
of the process; the group ID of the semaphore is set to a
system default group ID or to the effective group ID of the
process. The permission bits of the semaphore are set to the
value of the mode argument except those set in the file mode
creation mask of the process (see umask(2)). When bits in mode
other than the file permission bits are specified, the effect
is unspecified.

After the semaphore named name has been created by sem_open()
with the O_CREAT flag, other processes can connect to the
semaphore by calling sem_open() with the same value of name.


O_EXCL
If O_EXCL and O_CREAT are set, sem_open() fails if the
semaphore name exists. The check for the existence of the
semaphore and the creation of the semaphore if it does not
exist are atomic with respect to other processes executing
sem_open() with O_EXCL and O_CREAT set. If O_EXCL is set and
O_CREAT is not set, the effect is undefined.


If flags other than O_CREAT and O_EXCL are specified in the oflag
parameter, the effect is unspecified.


The name argument points to a string naming a semaphore object. It is
unspecified whether the name appears in the file system and is visible to
functions that take pathnames as arguments. The name argument conforms to
the construction rules for a pathname. The first character of name must
be a slash (/) character and the remaining characters of name cannot
include any slash characters. For maximum portability, name should
include no more than 14 characters, but this limit is not enforced.


If a process makes multiple successful calls to sem_open() with the same
value for name, the same semaphore address is returned for each such
successful call, provided that there have been no calls to sem_unlink(3C)
for this semaphore.


References to copies of the semaphore produce undefined results.


The sem_init(3C) function is used with unnamed semaphores.

RETURN VALUES


Upon successful completion, the function returns the address of the
semaphore. Otherwise, it will return a value of SEM_FAILED and set errno
to indicate the error. The symbol SEM_FAILED is defined in the header
<semaphore.h>. No successful return from sem_open() will return the value
SEM_FAILED.

ERRORS


If any of the following conditions occur, the sem_open() function will
return SEM_FAILED and set errno to the corresponding value:

EACCES
The named semaphore exists and the O_RDWR permissions are
denied, or the named semaphore does not exist and
permission to create the named semaphore is denied.


EEXIST
O_CREAT and O_EXCL are set and the named semaphore
already exists.


EINTR
The sem_open() function was interrupted by a signal.


EINVAL
The sem_open() operation is not supported for the given
name, or O_CREAT was set in oflag and value is greater
than SEM_VALUE_MAX.


EMFILE
The number of open semaphore descriptors in this process
exceeds SEM_NSEMS_MAX, or the number of open file
descriptors in this process exceeds OPEN_MAX.


ENAMETOOLONG
The length of name string exceeds PATH_MAX, or a pathname
component is longer than NAME_MAX while _POSIX_NO_TRUNC
is in effect.


ENFILE
Too many semaphores are currently open in the system.


ENOENT
O_CREAT is not set and the named semaphore does not
exist.


ENOSPC
There is insufficient space for the creation of the new
named semaphore.


ENOSYS
The sem_open() function is not supported by the system.


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+--------------------+-------------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-------------------+
|Interface Stability | Committed |
+--------------------+-------------------+
|MT-Level | MT-Safe |
+--------------------+-------------------+
|Standard | See standards(7). |
+--------------------+-------------------+

SEE ALSO


exec(2), exit(2), umask(2), sem_close(3C), sem_init(3C), sem_post(3C),
sem_unlink(3C), sem_wait(3C), sysconf(3C), attributes(7), standards(7)


illumos July 9, 2009 SEM_OPEN(3C)