POSIX_SPAWN_FILE_ACTIONS_ADDCLOSE(3C) Standard C Library Functions

NAME


posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose, posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen - add
close or open action to spawn file actions object

SYNOPSIS


#include <spawn.h>

int posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose(
posix_spawn_file_actions_t *file_actions, int fildes);


int posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen(
posix_spawn_file_actions_t *restrict file_actions, int fildes,
const char *restrict path, int oflag, mode_t mode);


DESCRIPTION


These functions add or delete a close or open action to a spawn file
actions object.


A spawn file actions object is of type posix_spawn_file_actions_t
(defined in <spawn.h>) and is used to specify a series of actions to be
performed by a posix_spawn(3C) or posix_spawn(3C) operation to arrive at
the set of open file descriptors for the child process given the set of
open file descriptors of the parent.


A spawn file actions object, when passed to posix_spawn() or
posix_spawnp(), specifies how the set of open file descriptors in the
calling process is transformed into a set of potentially open file
descriptors for the spawned process. This transformation occurs as though
the specified sequence of actions was performed exactly once, in the
context of the spawned process (prior to execution of the new process
image), in the order in which the actions were added to the object.
Additionally, when the new process image is executed, any file descriptor
(from this new set) which has its FD_CLOEXEC flag set is closed (see
posix_spawn(3C)).


The posix_spawn_file_actions_addclose() function adds a close action to
the object referenced by file_actions that causes the file descriptor
fildes to be closed (as if close(fildes) had been called) when a new
process is spawned using this file actions object.


The posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen() function adds an open action to
the object referenced by file_actions that causes the file named by path
to be opened (as if open(path, oflag, mode) had been called, and the
returned file descriptor, if not fildes, had been changed to fildes) when
a new process is spawned using this file actions object. If fildes was
already an open file descriptor, it is closed before the new file is
opened.


The string described by path is copied by the
posix_spawn_file_actions_addopen() function.

RETURN VALUES


Upon successful completion, these functions return 0. Otherwise, an error
number is returned to indicate the error.

ERRORS


These functions will fail if:

EBADF
The value specified by fildes is negative or greater than or
equal to {OPEN_MAX}.


These functions may fail if:

EINVAL
The value specified by file_actions is invalid.


ENOMEM
Insufficient memory exists to add to the spawn file actions
object.


It is not considered an error for the fildes argument passed to these
functions to specify a file descriptor for which the specified operation
could not be performed at the time of the call. Any such error will be
detected when the associated file actions object is later used during a
posix_spawn() or posix_spawnp() operation.


If a close(2) operation is specified for a file descriptor that is not
open at the time of the call to posix_spawn() or posix_spawnp(), the
close operation will not cause the posix_spawn() or posix_spawnp()
operation to fail.

ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+--------------------+-------------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-------------------+
|Interface Stability | Committed |
+--------------------+-------------------+
|MT-Level | MT-Safe |
+--------------------+-------------------+
|Standard | See standards(7). |
+--------------------+-------------------+

SEE ALSO


close(2), dup(2), open(2), posix_spawn(3C),
posix_spawn_file_actions_adddup2(3C),
posix_spawn_file_actions_destroy(3C), attributes(7), standards(7)

illumos February 20, 2009
POSIX_SPAWN_FILE_ACTIONS_ADDCLOSE(3C)