FCLOSE(3C) Standard C Library Functions FCLOSE(3C)


NAME


fclose - close a stream

SYNOPSIS


#include <stdio.h>

int fclose(FILE *stream);


DESCRIPTION


The fclose() function causes the stream pointed to by stream to be
flushed and the associated file to be closed. Any unwritten buffered data
for the stream is written to the file; any unread buffered data is
discarded. The stream is disassociated from the file. If the associated
buffer was automatically allocated, it is deallocated.


The fclose() function marks for update the st_ctime and st_mtime fields
of the underlying file if the stream is writable and if buffered data has
not yet been written to the file. It will perform a close(2) operation
on the file descriptor that is associated with the stream pointed to by
stream.


After the call to fclose(), any use of stream causes undefined behavior.


The fclose() function is performed automatically for all open files upon
calling exit(2).

RETURN VALUES


Upon successful completion, fclose() returns 0. Otherwise, it returns EOF
and sets errno to indicate the error.

ERRORS


The fclose() function will fail if:

EAGAIN
The O_NONBLOCK flag is set for the file descriptor underlying
stream and the process would be delayed in the write operation.


EBADF
The file descriptor underlying stream is not valid.


EFBIG
An attempt was made to write a file that exceeds the maximum
file size or the process's file size limit; or the file is a
regular file and an attempt was made to write at or beyond the
offset maximum associated with the corresponding stream.


EINTR
The fclose() function was interrupted by a signal.


EIO
The process is a member of a background process group
attempting to write to its controlling terminal, TOSTOP is set,
the process is neither ignoring nor blocking SIGTTOU and the
process group of the process is orphaned. stream was created
by open_wmemstream(3C) and a wide-character or byte sequence
buffered is invalid in the current locale.


ENOSPC
There was no free space remaining on the device containing the
file.


EPIPE
An attempt is made to write to a pipe or FIFO that is not open
for reading by any process. A SIGPIPE signal will also be sent
to the calling thread.


The fclose() function may fail if:

ENXIO
A request was made of a non-existent device, or the request was
beyond the limits of the device.


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+--------------------+-----------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|Interface Stability | Standard |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|MT-Level | MT-Safe |
+--------------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


close(2), exit(2), getrlimit(2), ulimit(2), fcloseall(3C), fopen(3C),
stdio(3C), attributes(5), standards(5)


March 25, 2020 FCLOSE(3C)