UMOUNT(2) System Calls UMOUNT(2)


NAME


umount, umount2 - unmount a file system

SYNOPSIS


#include <sys/mount.h>

int umount(const char *file);


int umount2(const char *file, int mflag);


DESCRIPTION


The umount() function requests that a previously mounted file system
contained on a block special device or directory be unmounted. The file
argument is a pointer to the absolute pathname of the file system to be
unmounted. After unmounting the file system, the directory upon which the
file system was mounted reverts to its ordinary interpretation.


The umount2() function is identical to umount(), with the additional
capability of unmounting file systems even if there are open files
active. The mflag argument must contain one of the following values:

0
Perform a normal unmount that is equivalent to umount(). The
umount2() function returns EBUSY if there are open files
active within the file system to be unmounted.


MS_FORCE
Unmount the file system, even if there are open files active.
A forced unmount can result in loss of data, so it should be
used only when a regular unmount is unsuccessful. The
umount2() function returns ENOTSUP if the specified file
systems does not support MS_FORCE. Only file systems of type
nfs, ufs, pcfs, and zfs support MS_FORCE.


RETURN VALUES


Upon successful completion, 0 is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and
errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS


The umount() and umount2() functions will fail if:

EACCES
The permission bits of the mount point do not permit
read/write access or search permission is denied on a
component of the path prefix.

The calling process is not the owner of the mountpoint.

The mountpoint is not a regular file or a directory and
the caller does not have all privileges available in a
its zone.

The special device device does not permit read access in
the case of read-only mounts or read-write access in the
case of read/write mounts.


EBUSY
A file on file is busy.


EFAULT
The file pointed to by file points to an illegal address.


EINVAL
The file pointed to by file is not mounted.


ELOOP
Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating
the path pointed to by file.


ENAMETOOLONG
The length of the file argument exceeds PATH_MAX, or the
length of a file component exceeds NAME_MAX while
_POSIX_NO_TRUNC is in effect.


ENOENT
The file pointed to by file does not exist or is not an
absolute path.


ENOLINK
The file pointed to by file is on a remote machine and
the link to that machine is no longer active.


ENOTBLK
The file pointed to by file is not a block special
device.


EPERM
The {PRIV_SYS_MOUNT} privilege is not asserted in the
effective set of the calling process.


EREMOTE
The file pointed to by file is remote.


The umount2() function will fail if:

ENOTSUP
The file pointed to by file does not support this operation.


USAGE


The umount() and umount2() functions can be invoked only by a process
that has the {PRIV_SYS_MOUNT} privilege asserted in its effective set.


Because it provides greater functionality, the umount2() function is
preferred.

SEE ALSO


mount(2), privileges(5)


August 4, 2008 UMOUNT(2)