SYSLOGD(1M) Maintenance Commands SYSLOGD(1M)


NAME


syslogd - log system messages

SYNOPSIS


/usr/sbin/syslogd [-d] [-f configfile] [-m markinterval]
[-p path] [-t | -T]


DESCRIPTION


syslogd reads and forwards system messages to the appropriate log files
or users, depending upon the priority of a message and the system
facility from which it originates. The configuration file
/etc/syslog.conf (see syslog.conf(4)) controls where messages are
forwarded. syslogd logs a mark (timestamp) message every markinterval
minutes (default 20) at priority LOG_INFO to the facility whose name is
given as mark in the syslog.conf file.


A system message consists of a single line of text, which may be prefixed
with a priority code number enclosed in angle-brackets (<>); priorities
are defined in <sys/syslog.h>.


syslogd reads from the STREAMS log driver, /dev/log, and from any
transport provider specified in /etc/netconfig, /etc/net/transport/hosts,
and /etc/net/transport/services.


syslogd reads the configuration file when it starts up, and again
whenever it receives a HUP signal (see signal.h(3HEAD), at which time it
also closes all files it has open, re-reads its configuration file, and
then opens only the log files that are listed in that file. syslogd exits
when it receives a TERM signal.


As it starts up, syslogd creates the file /var/run/syslog.pid, if
possible, containing its process identifier (PID).


If message ID generation is enabled (see log(7D)), each message will be
preceded by an identifier in the following format: [ID msgid
facility.priority]. msgid is the message's numeric identifier described
in msgid(1M). facility and priority are described in syslog.conf(4). [ID
123456 kern.notice] is an example of an identifier when message ID
generation is enabled.


If the message originated in a loadable kernel module or driver, the
kernel module's name (for example, ufs) will be displayed instead of
unix. See EXAMPLES for sample output from syslogd with and without
message ID generation enabled.


In an effort to reduce visual clutter, message IDs are not displayed when
writing to the console; message IDs are only written to the log file.
See EXAMPLES.


The /etc/default/syslogd file contains the following default parameter
settings, which are in effect if neither the -t nor -T option is
selected. See FILES.


The recommended way to allow or disallow message logging is through the
use of the service management facility (smf(5)) property:

svc:/system/system-log/config/log_from_remote


This property specifies whether remote messages are logged.
log_from_remote=true is equivalent to the -t command-line option and
false is equivalent to the -T command-line option. The default value for
-log_from_remote is false. See NOTES, below.

LOG_FROM_REMOTE

Specifies whether remote messages are logged. LOG_FROM_REMOTE=NO is
equivalent to the -t command-line option. The default value for
LOG_FROM_REMOTE is YES.


OPTIONS


The following options are supported:

-d

Turn on debugging. This option should only be used interactively in a
root shell once the system is in multi-user mode. It should not be
used in the system start-up scripts, as this will cause the system to
hang at the point where syslogd is started.


-f configfile

Specify an alternate configuration file.


-m markinterval

Specify an interval, in minutes, between mark messages.


-p path

Specify an alternative log device name. The default is /dev/log.


-T

Enable the syslogd UDP port to turn on logging of remote messages.
This is the default behavior. See EXAMPLES.


-t

Disable the syslogd UDP port to turn off logging of remote messages.
See EXAMPLES.


EXAMPLES


Example 1 syslogd Output Without Message ID Generation Enabled


The following example shows the output from syslogd when message ID
generation is not enabled:


Sep 29 21:41:18 cathy unix: alloc /: file system full


Example 2 syslogd Output with ID generation Enabled


The following example shows the output from syslogd when message ID
generation is enabled. The message ID is displayed when writing to log
file/var/adm/messages.


Sep 29 21:41:18 cathy ufs: [ID 845546 kern.notice]
alloc /: file system full


Example 3 syslogd Output with ID Generation Enabled


The following example shows the output from syslogd when message ID
generation is enabled when writing to the console. Even though message ID
is enabled, the message ID is not displayed at the console.


Sep 29 21:41:18 cathy ufs: alloc /: file system full


Example 4: Enabling Acceptance of UDP Messages from Remote Systems




The following commands enable syslogd to accept entries from remote
systems.


# svccfg -s svc:/system/system-log setprop config/log_from_remote = true
# svcadm restart svc:/system/system-log


FILES


/etc/syslog.conf

Configuration file


/var/run/syslog.pid

Process ID


/etc/default/syslogd

Contains default settings. You can override some of the settings by
command-line options.


/dev/log

STREAMS log driver


/etc/netconfig

Transport providers available on the system


/etc/net/transport/hosts

Network hosts for each transport


/etc/net/transport/services

Network services for each transport


SEE ALSO


logger(1), svcs(1), msgid(1M), svcadm(1M), svccfg(1M), syslog(3C),
syslog.conf(4), attributes(5), signal.h(3HEAD), smf(5), log(7D)

NOTES


The mark message is a system time stamp, and so it is only defined for
the system on which syslogd is running. It can not be forwarded to other
systems.


When syslogd receives a HUP signal, it attempts to complete outputting
pending messages, and close all log files to which it is currently
logging messages. If, for some reason, one (or more) of these files does
not close within a generous grace period, syslogd discards the pending
messages, forcibly closes these files, and starts reconfiguration. If
this shutdown procedure is disturbed by an unexpected error and syslogd
cannot complete reconfiguration, syslogd sends a mail message to the
superuser on the current system stating that it has shut down, and exits.


Care should be taken to ensure that each window displaying messages
forwarded by syslogd (especially console windows) is run in the system
default locale (which is syslogd's locale). If this advice is not
followed, it is possible for a syslog message to alter the terminal
settings for that window, possibly even allowing remote execution of
arbitrary commands from that window.


The syslogd service is managed by the service management facility,
smf(5), under the service identifier:

svc:/system/system-log:default


Administrative actions on this service, such as enabling, disabling, or
requesting restart, can be performed using svcadm(1M). The service's
status can be queried using the svcs(1) command.


When syslogd is started by means of svcadm(1M), if a value is specified
for LOG_FROM_REMOTE in the /etc/defaults/syslogd file, the SMF property
svc:/system/system-log/config/log_from_remote is set to correspond to the
LOG_FROM_REMOTE value and the /etc/default/syslogd file is modified to
replace the LOG_FROM_REMOTE specification with the following comment:

# LOG_FROM_REMOTE is now set using svccfg(1m), see syslogd(1m).


If neither LOG_FROM_REMOTE nor svc:/system/system-
log/config/log_from_remote are defined, the default is to log remote
messages.


On installation, the initial value of svc:/system/system-
log/config/log_from_remote is false.


October 17, 2013 SYSLOGD(1M)