SYSEVENTADM(1M) Maintenance Commands SYSEVENTADM(1M)


NAME


syseventadm - sysevent event specification administration

SYNOPSIS


syseventadm add [-R rootdir] [-v vendor] [-p publisher]
[-c class] [-s subclass] [-u username] path [args]


syseventadm remove [-R rootdir] [-v vendor] [-p publisher]
[-c class] [-s subclass] [-u username] [path [args]]


syseventadm list [-R rootdir] [-v vendor] [-p publisher]
[-c class] [-s subclass] [-u username] [path [args]]


syseventadm restart


DESCRIPTION


The syseventadm command is an administrative front-end to add, remove and
list sysevent event handlers. You can also restart the sysevent daemon by
use of the restart command. syseventadm can only be run by root.


The syseventadm add command adds a handler for a sysevent event specified
by at least one of vendor, publisher or class. If class is specified, it
may be qualified with a sub-class. Only the values specified for vendor,
publisher, class and sub-class when adding the handler are matched
against sysevent events to determine if the specification matches the
event and the handler should be run. path is the full pathname of the
command to be run in response to matching events, with optional arguments
(args). If username is specified, the command is invoked as user
username, otherwise as root.


The syseventadm remove command removes handlers for matching sysevent
event specifications. Event specifications may be matched by specifying
at least one of vendor, publisher, class, username or path. If class is
specified, it may be qualified with a sub-class. Any of vendor,
publisher, class, sub-class, username, path or args not specified match
the corresponding fields of all events. Handlers for all matching
specifications are removed.


The syseventadm list command lists the handlers for matching sysevent
event specifications using the same match criteria as the remove command
but without the requirement that at least one of vendor, publisher,
class, username or path be specified. With no match criteria, all
specifications are listed. The list command output format is:
[vendor=vendor] [publisher=publisher] [class=class] [subclass=subclass]
[username=username] path [args] where each of class, sub-class, vendor,
publisher and username is listed only if part of the match criteria for
the listed specification.


The syseventadm restart command informs the syseventd daemon to reread
the sysevent registry after a change has been made by adding or removing
one or more sysevent handler specifications.

Argument Macro Substitution


The sysevent handling facility provides extensive macro capability for
constructing the command line arguments to be executed in response to an
event. Macro expansion applies only to the command line args specified
for an event handler, with macros expanded with data from the event
itself. Pre-defined macros are provided for the event class, subclass,
publisher and vendor information. Macros not matching one of the pre-
defined macro names cause the attribute list attached to the event to be
searched for an attribute of that name, with the value of the matching
attribute substituted on the command line.


Macros are introduced by the $ character, with the macro name being the
following token separated by a SPACE or TAB character. If the macro name
is embedded in text, it may be delineated by ${ and }. A \ before the $
causes macro expansion not to occur.

$class
The class string defining the event


$publisher
The publisher string defining the event


$sequence
The sequence number of the event.


$subclass
The subclass string defining the event


$timestamp
The timestamp of the event.


$vendor
The vendor string defining the event


Macro names other than those pre-defined are compared against the
attribute list provided with the event. An attribute with name matching
the macro name causes the value of the attribute to be substituted as
ASCII text on the generated command line.


Use of a macro for which no attribute with that name is defined, or for
which multiple attributes with that name are provided, cause an error and
the command is not invoked.


Attributes with signed data types (DATA_TYPE_INT16, DATA_TYPE_INT32 and
DATA_TYPE_INT64) are expanded as decimal digits.


Attributes with unsigned data types (DATA_TYPE_BYTE, DATA_TYPE_UINT16,
DATA_TYPE_UINT32, DATA_TYPE_UINT64 and DATA_TYPE_HTTIME) are expanded as
hexadecimal digits with a 0x prefix.


Attributes with string data type (DATA_TYPE_STRING) are expanded with the
string data. The data is not quoted. If if it desired that the quoted
strings be generated on the command line, put quotes around the macro
call in the arguments.


Array types are expanded with each element expanded as defined for that
scalar type, with a space separating each element substitution.

OPTIONS


The add, list and remove subcommands support the following options:

-c class
Specify the event class, class.


-p publisher
Specify the event publisher, publisher.


-R rootdir
Specify an alternate root path, rootdir.

Note -

The root file system of any non-global zones must not
be referenced with the -R option. Doing so might damage
the global zone's file system, might compromise the
security of the global zone, and might damage the non-
global zone's file system. See zones(5).


-s subclass
Specify the event subclass, subclass.


-u username
Specify the username (username) to invoke the command.


-v vendor
Specify the vendor (vendor) that defines the event.
Events defined by third-party software should specify the
company's stock symbol as vendor. Sun-defined events use
SUNW.


OPERANDS


The add, list and remove subcommands support the following options:

args
Command arguments


path
Full path of command to be run in response to event


EXAMPLES


Example 1: Adding an Event Handler




The following example adds an event handler for an event defined by
vendor MYCO ("My Company"), class EC_ENV and sub-class ESC_ENV_TEMP. The
command to be run is /opt/MYCOenv/bin/ec_env_temp, with arguments being
the class name, sub-class name and pathname derived from the event
attributes. The $ characters are preceded by a backslash to circumvent
shell interpretation. There is no need to restart the service after the
change since the registry is maintained on $ALTROOT.


# syseventadm add -R $ALTROOT -v MYCO -c EC_ENV -s ESC_ENV_TEMP \
/opt/MYCOenv/bin/ec_env_temp \$class \$subclass \$pathname


Note the caveat on the use of the -R option in the description of that
option, above.


Example 2: Removing an Event Handler




The following example removes the event handler added in Example 1.


# syseventadm remove -R $ALTROOT -v MYCO -c EC_ENV -s ESC_ENV_TEMP \
/opt/MYCOenv/bin/ec_env_temp ${class} ${subclass} ${pathname}


Note the caveat on the use of the -R option in the description of that
option, above.


Example 3: Listing Event Handlers




The following example lists all event handlers for events of class
EC_ENV, subclass ESC_ENV_TEMP, as defined by vendor MYCO:


# syseventadm list -v MYCO -c EC_ENV -s ESC_ENV_TEMP \
vendor=MYCO class=EC_ENV subclass=ESC_ENV_TEMP \
/opt/MYCOenv/bin/ec_env_temp \${class} \${subclass} \${pathname}


Example 4: Listing Event Handlers




The following example lists all event handlers defined by vendor VRTS.


# syseventadm list -v VRTS


Example 5: Removing Event Handlers




The following example removes all event handlers defined by vendor VRTS,
and restarts service.


# syseventadm remove -v VRTS
# syseventadm restart


Example 6: Listing All Event Handlers Specified to Run a Command




The following example lists all event handlers specified to run the
command /opt/MYCOenv/bin/ec_env_temp:


# syseventadm list /opt/MYCOenv/bin/ec_env_temp


Example 7: Removing Event Handlers and Restarting Service




The following example removes all event handlers specified to run the
command /opt/MYCOenv/bin/ec_env_temp, and restarts service:


# syseventadm remove /opt/MYCOenv/bin/ec_env_temp
# syseventadm restart


EXIT STATUS


The following exit values are returned:

0
Successful completion.


1
No matching event specification found (remove or list commands
only).


2
Incorrect command usage.


3
Permission denied.


4
Command failed.


5
Out of memory.


SEE ALSO


syseventd(1M), sysevent_post_event(3SYSEVENT), attributes(5),
ddi_log_sysevent(9F)

NOTES


To avoid upgrade problems, packages delivering a sysevent event handler
should install the event handler by running syseventadm from the
package's postinstall script. The event handler can then be removed by
running syseventadm from the package's preremove script using the same
arguments as when added.


September 28, 2005 SYSEVENTADM(1M)