LUXADM(1M) Maintenance Commands LUXADM(1M)


NAME


luxadm - administer Sun Fire 880 storage subsystem and FC_AL devices

SYNOPSIS


luxadm [options]... subcommand [options]... enclosure
[,dev] | pathname...


DESCRIPTION


The luxadm program is an administrative command that manages the SENA,
Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystem, and individual Fiber Channel
Arbitrated Loop (FC_AL) devices. luxadm performs a variety of control and
query tasks depending on the command line arguments and options used.


The command line must contain a subcommand. The command line may also
contain options, usually at least one enclosure name or pathname, and
other parameters depending on the subcommand. You need specify only as
many characters as are required to uniquely identify a subcommand.


Specify the device that a subcommand interacts with by entering a
pathname. For the SENA subsystem, a disk device or enclosure services
controller may instead be specified by entering the World Wide Name (WWN)
for the device or a port to the device. The device may also be specified
by entering the name of the SENA enclosure, and an optional identifier
for the particular device in the enclosure. The individual FC_AL devices
may be specified by entering the WWN for the device or a port to the
device.

Pathname


Specify the device or controller by either a complete physical pathname
or a complete logical pathname.


For SENA, a typical physical pathname for a device is:

/devices/sbus@1f,0/SUNW,socal@1,0/sf@0,0/ssd@w2200002037000f96,
0:a,raw


For all SENA IBs (Interface Boards) and Sun Fire 880 SES device
controllers on the system, a logical link to the physical paths is kept
in the directory /dev/es. An example of a logical link is /dev/es/ses0.


The WWN may be used in place of the pathname to select an FC_AL device,
SENA subsystem IB, or Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystem. The WWN
is a unique 16 hexadecimal digit value that specifies either the port
used to access the device or the device itself. A typical WWN value is:

2200002037000f96


See NOTES for more information on the WWN formats.


For a disk in a Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystem, a typical
physical pathname is:

/devices/pci@8,600000/SUNW,qlc@2/fp@0,0/ssd@w2100002037a6303c,0:a


and a typical logical pathname is:

/dev/rdsk/c2t8d0s2


For individual FC_AL devices, a typical physical pathname is:

/devices/sbus@3.0/SUNW,socal@d,10000/sf@0,0/ssd@w2200002037049fc3,0:a,raw


and a typical logical pathname is:

/dev/rdsk/c1t0d0s2


Enclosure


For SENA, a device may be identified by its enclosure name and slotname:
box_name[,fslot_number]
box_name[,rslot_number]


box_name is the name of the SENA enclosure, as specified by the
enclosure_name subcommand. When used without the optional slot_number
parameter, the box_name identifies the SENA subsystem IB.


f or r specifies the front or rear slots in the SENA enclosure.


slot_number specifies the slot number of the device in the SENA
enclosure, 0-6 or 0-10.


For a Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystem, a device may also be
identified by its enclosure name and slot name. However, there is only
one set of disks:

box_name[,sslot_number]


box_name is the name of the Sun Fire 880 enclosure, as specified by the
enclosure_name subcommand. When used without the optional slot_number
parameter, box_name identifies the Sun Fire 880 internal storage
subsystem enclosure services device. Use s to specify the disk slot
number in the Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystem, 0 - 11.


See disks(1M) and devlinks(1M) for additional information on logical
names for disks and subsystems.

OPTIONS


The following options are supported by all subcommands:

-e
Expert mode. This option is not recommended for the novice user.


-v
Verbose mode.


Options that are specific to particular subcommands are described with
the subcommand in the USAGE section.

OPERANDS


The following operands are supported:

enclosure

The box_name of the SENA or Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystem.


fibre_channel_HBA_port

The path to the host controller port. A typical path is:

/devices/pci@8,600000/pci@1/SUNW,qlc@4/fp@0,0:devctl


pathname

The logical or physical path of a SENA IB, Sun Fire 880 internal
storage subsystem, or disk device. pathname can also be the WWN of a
SENA IB, SENA disk, or individual FC_AL device.


USAGE


Subcommands


display enclosure[,dev]...| pathname...
display -p pathname...
display -r enclosure[,dev]...| pathname...
display -v enclosure[,dev]...| pathname...

Displays enclosure or device specific data.

Subsystem data consists of enclosure environmental sense information
and status for all subsystem devices, including disks.

Disk data consists of inquiry, capacity, and configuration
information.

-p
Displays performance information for the device or subsystem
specified by pathname. This option only applies to subsystems
that accumulate performance information.


-r
Displays error information for the FC_AL device specified by
the pathname, or, if the path is a SENA, for all devices on the
loop. The -r option only applies to SENA subsystems and
individual FC_AL devices.


-v
Displays in verbose mode, including mode sense data.


download [ -s ] [ -f filename_path ] enclosure...

Download the prom image pointed to the SENA subsystem Interface Board
unit or the Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystem specified by the
enclosure or pathname.

When the SENA's download is complete, the SENA will be reset and the
downloaded code executed. If no filename is specified, the default
prom image will be used. The default prom image for the SENA is in
the directory usr/lib/locale/C/LC_MESSAGES and is named ibfirmware

When the Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystem's download is
complete, the subsystem resets and the downloaded code begins
execution. The default firmware image for the Sun Fire 880 internal
storage subsystem is in: /usr/platform/SUNW,Sun-
Fire-880/lib/images/int_fcbpl_fw.

-s
Save. The -s option is used to save the downloaded firmware in
the FEPROM. If -s is not specified, the downloaded firmware
will not be saved across power cycles.

The -s option does not apply to the Sun Fire 880 internal
storage subsystem as it always stores downloaded firmware in
the flash memory.

When using the -s option, the download subcommand modifies the
FEPROM on the subsystem and should be used with caution.


enclosure_name new_name enclosure | pathname

Change the enclosure name of the enclosure or enclosures specified by
the enclosure or pathname. The new name (new_name) must be 16 or less
characters. Only alphabetic or numeric characters are acceptable.
This subcommand applies only to the SENA and the Sun Fire 880
internal storage subsystem.


failover primary | secondary pathname

Select which Sun Storage T3 storage array partner group controller
accesses a given logical volume. If primary is specified, the logical
volume is accessed through the primary controller. If secondary is
specified, the logical volume is accessed through the secondary
controller specified by pathname.


fcal_s_download [ -f fcode-file ]

Download the fcode contained in the file fcode-file into all the
FC100/S Sbus Cards. This command is interactive and expects user
confirmation before downloading the fcode.

Use fcal_s_download only in single-user mode. Using fcal_s_download
to update a host adapter while there is I/O activity through that
adapter will cause the adapter to reset. Newly updated FCode will not
be executed or visible until a system reboot.

-f fcode-file
When invoked without the -f option, the current
version of the fcode in each FC100/S Sbus card is
printed.


fcode_download -p
fcode_download -d dir-name

Locate the installed FC/S, FC100/S, FC100/P, or FC100/2P host bus
adapter cards and download the FCode files in dir-name to the
appropriate cards. The command determines the correct card for each
type of file, and is interactive. User confirmation is required
before downloading the FCode to each device.

Use fcode_download to load FCode only in single-user mode. Using
fcode_download to update a host adapter while there is I/O activity
through that adapter causes the adapter to reset. Newly updated FCode
will not be executed or visible until a system reboot.

-d dir-name
Download the FCode files contained in the directory
dir-name to the appropriate adapter cards.


-p
Prints the current version of FCode loaded on each
card. No download is performed.


inquiry enclosure[,dev ]... | pathname...

Display the inquiry information for the selected device specified by
the enclosure or pathname.


insert_device [ enclosure,dev... ]

Assist the user in the hot insertion of a new device or a chain of
new devices. Refer to NOTES for limitations on hotplug operations.
This subcommand applies only to the SENA, Sun Fire 880 internal
storage subsystem, and individual FC_AL drives. For the SENA, if more
than one enclosure has been specified, concurrent hot insertions on
multiple busses can be performed. With no arguments to the
subcommand, entire enclosures or individual FC_AL drives can be
inserted. For the SENA or the Sun Fire 880 internal storage
subsystem, this subcommand guides the user interactively through the
hot insertion steps of a new device or chain of devices. If a list of
disks was entered it will ask the user to verify the list of devices
to be inserted is correct, at which point the user can continue or
quit. It then interactively asks the user to insert the disk(s) or
enclosure(s) and then creates and displays the logical pathnames for
the devices.


led enclosure,dev...| pathname...

Display the current state of the LED associated with the disk
specified by the enclosure or pathname. This subcommand only applies
to subsystems that support this functionality.


led_blink enclosure,dev...| pathname...

Requests the subsystem to start blinking the LED associated with the
disk specified by the enclosure or pathname. This subcommand only
applies to subsystems that support this functionality.


led_off enclosure,dev...| pathname...

Requests the subsystem to disable (turn off) the LED associated with
the disk specified by the enclosure or pathname. On a SENA subsystem,
this may or may not cause the LED to turn off or stop blinking
depending on the state of the SENA subsystem. Refer to the SENA Array
Installation and Service Manual (p/n 802-7573). This subcommand only
applies to subsystems that support this functionality.


led_on pathname...

Requests the subsystem to enable (turn on) the LED associated with
the disk specified by the pathname. This subcommand only applies to
subsystems that support this functionality.


power_off [ -F ] enclosure[,dev]... | pathname ...

When a SENA is addressed, this subcommand causes the SENA subsystem
to go into the power-save mode. The SENA drives are not available
when in the power-save mode. When a drive in a SENA is addressed the
drive is set to the drive off/unmated state. In the drive off/unmated
state, the drive is spun down (stopped) and in bypass mode. This
command does not apply to the Sun Fire 880 internal storage
subsystem.

-F
The force option only applies to the SENA. Instructs luxadm to
attempt to power off one or more devices even if those devices
are being used by this host (and are, therefore, busy).

Warning: Powering off a device which has data that is currently
being used will cause unpredictable results. Users should
attempt to power off the device normally (without -F) first,
only resorting to this option when sure of the consequences of
overriding normal checks.


power_on enclosure[,dev]..

Causes the SENA subsystem to go out of the power-save mode, when this
subcommand is addressed to a SENA.. When this subcommand is addressed
to a drive the drive is set to its normal start-up state. This
command does not apply to the Sun Fire 880 internal storage
subsystem.


probe [ -p ]

Finds and displays information about all attached SENA subsystems,
Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystems, and individual FC_AL
devices, including the logical pathname, the WWNs, and enclosure
names. This subcommand warns the user if it finds different SENAs
with the same enclosure names.

-p
Includes the physical pathname in the display.


qlgc_s_download [ -f fcode-file ]

Download the FCode contained in the file fcode-file into all the
FC100/P, FC100/2P PCI host adapter cards. This command is interactive
and expects user confirmation before downloading the FCode to each
device. Only use qlgc_s_download in single-user mode. Using
qlgc_s_download to update a host adapter while there is I/O activity
through that adapter will cause the adapter to reset. Newly updated
FCode will not be executed or visible until a system reboot.

-f fcode-file
When invoked without the -f option, the current
version of the FCode in each FC100/P, FC100/2P PCI
card is printed.


release pathname

Release a reservation held on the specified disk. The pathname should
be the physical or logical pathname for the disk.

This subcommand is included for historical and diagnostic purposes
only.


remove_device [ -F ] enclosure[,dev]...| pathname...

Assists the user in hot removing a device or a chain of devices. This
subcommand can also be used to remove entire enclosures. This
subcommand applies to the SENA, Sun Fire 880 internal storage
subsystem, and individual FC_AL drives. Refer to NOTES for
limitations on hotplug operations. For the SENA, Sun Fire 880
internal storage subsystem, and individual FC_AL devices, this
subcommand guides the user through the hot removal of a device or
devices. During execution it will ask the user to verify the list of
devices to be removed is correct, at which point the user can
continue or quit. It then prepares the disk(s) or enclosure(s) for
removal and interactively asks the user to remove the disk(s) or
enclosure(s).

For Multi-Hosted disk, the steps taken are:

o Issue the luxadm remove_device command on the first host.
When prompted to continue, wait.

o Issue the luxadm remove_device command on the secondary
hosts. When prompted to continue, wait.

o Continue with the remove_device command on the first host.
Remove the device when prompted to do so.

o Complete the luxadm remove_device command on the
additional hosts.

-F
Instructs luxadm to attempt to hot plug one or more devices
even if those devices are being used by this host (and are,
therefore, busy or reserved), to force the hotplugging
operation.

Warning: Removal of a device which has data that is currently
being used will cause unpredictable results. Users should
attempt to hotplug normally (without -F) first, only resorting
to this option when sure of the consequences of overriding
normal hotplugging checks.


reserve pathname

Reserve the specified disk for exclusive use by the issuing host. The
pathname used should be the physical or logical pathname for the
disk.

This subcommand is included for historical and diagnostic purposes
only.


set_boot_dev [ -y ] pathname

Set the boot-device variable in the system PROM to the physical
device name specified by pathname, which can be a block special
device or the pathname of the directory on which the boot file system
is mounted. The command normally runs interactively requesting
confirmation for setting the default boot-device in the PROM. The -y
option can be used to run it non-interactively, in which case no
confirmation is requested or required.


start pathname

Spin up the specified disk(s) in a SENA.


stop pathname...

Spin down the specified disks in a SENA.


SENA, Sun Fire 880 Internal Storage Subsystem, and Individual FC_AL Drive
Expert Mode Subcommands
The following subcommands are for expert use only, and are applicable
only to the SENA, Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystem, and fiber
channel loops. They should only be used by users that are knowledgeable
about the SENA subsystem and fiber channel loops.


If you specify a disk to an expert subcommand that operates on a bus, the
subcommand operates on the bus to which the specified disk is attached.

-e bypass [-ab] enclosure,dev
-e bypass -f enclosure

Request the enclosure services controller to set the LRC (Loop
Redundancy Circuit) to the bypassed state for the port and device
specified.

This subcommand supports the following options:

-a
Bypass port a of the device specified.


-b
Bypass port b of the device specified.


-e dump_map fibre_channel_HBA_port

Display WWN data for a target device or host bus adapter on the
specified fibre channel port. If there are no target devices on the
specified port, an error is returned.


-e enable [-ab] enclosure,dev
-e enable -f enclosure

Request the enclosure services controller to set the LRC (Loop
Redundancy Circuit) to the enabled state for the port and device
specified.

This subcommand supports the following options:

-a
Enable port a of the device specified.


-b
Enable port b of the device specified.


-e forcelip enclosure[,dev] ... | pathname...

Force the link to reinitialize, using the Loop Initialization
Primitive (LIP) sequence. The enclosure or pathname can specify any
device on the loop. Use the pathname to specify a specific path for
multiple loop configurations.

This is an expert only command and should be used with caution. It
will reset all ports on the loop.


-e rdls enclosure[,dev] ... | pathname...

Read and display the link error status information for all available
devices on the loop that contains the device specified by the
enclosure or pathname.


Other Expert Mode Subcommands


See NOTES for limitations of these subcommands. They should only be used
by users that are knowledgeable about the systems they are managing.


These commands do not apply to the Sun Fire 880 internal storage
subsystem.

-e bus_getstate pathname
Get and display the state of the specified
bus.


-e bus_quiesce pathname
Quiesce the specified bus.


-e bus_reset pathname
Reset the specified bus only.


-e bus_resetall pathname
Reset the specified bus and all devices.


-e bus_unquiesce pathname
Unquiesce the specified bus. the specified
device.


-e dev_getstate pathname
Get and display the state of the specified
device.


-e dev_reset pathname
Reset the specified device.


-e offline pathname
Take the specified device offline.


-e online pathname
Put the specified device online.


EXAMPLES


Example 1: Displaying the SENAs and Individual FC_AL Devices on a System




The following example finds and displays all of the SENAs and individual
FC_AL devices on a system:


example% luxadm probe


Example 2: Displaying a SENA or Sun Fire 880 Internal Storage Subsystem




The following example displays a SENA or Sun Fire 880 internal storage
subsystem:


example% luxadm display /dev/es/ses0


Example 3: Displaying Two Subsystems




The following example displays two subsystems using the enclosure names:


example% luxadm display BOB system1


Example 4: Displaying Information about the First Disk




The following example displays information about the first disk in the
front of the enclosure named BOB. Use f to specify the front disks. Use r
to specify the rear disks.


example% luxadm display BOB,f0


Example 5: Displaying Information on a Sun Fire 880 Internal Storage


Subsystem


The Sun Fire 880 internal storage subsystem has only one set of disks. In
this case, use s to specify the slot:


example% luxadm display BOB,s0


Example 6: Displaying Information about a SENA disk, an Enclosure, or an


Individual FC_AL Drive


The following example displays information about a SENA disk, an
enclosure, or an individual FC_AL drive with the port WWN of
2200002037001246:


example% luxadm display 2200002037001246


Example 7: Using Unique Characters to Issue a Subcommand




The following example uses only as many characters as are required to
uniquely identify a subcommand:


example% luxadm disp BOB


Example 8: Displaying Error Information




The following example displays error information about the loop that the
enclosure BOB is on:


example% luxadm display -r BOB


Example 9: Downloading New Firmware into the Interface Board




The following example downloads new firmware into the Interface Board in
the enclosure named BOB (using the default path for the file to
download):


example% luxadm download -s BOB


Example 10: Displaying Information from the SCSI Inquiry Command




The following example displays information from the SCSI inquiry command
from all individual disks on the system, using only as many characters as
necessary to uniquely identify the inquiry subcommand:


example% luxadm inq /dev/rdsk/c?t?d?s2


Example 11: Hotplugging




The following example hotplugs a new drive into the first slot in the
front of the enclosure named BOB:


example% luxadm insert_device BOB,f0


The following example hotplugs a new drive into the first slot in the Sun
Fire 880 internal storage subsystem named SF880-1:


example% luxadm insert_device SF880-1,s0


Example 12: Running an Expert Subcommand




The following example runs an expert subcommand. The subcommand forces a
loop initialization on the loop that the enclosure BOB is on:


example% luxadm -e forcelip BOB


Example 13: Using the Expert Mode Hot Plugging Subcommands




An example of using the expert mode hot plugging subcommands to hot
remove a disk follows. See NOTES for hot plugging limitations.


The first step reserves the SCSI device so that it can't be accessed by
way of its second SCSI bus:


example# luxadm reserve /dev/rdsk/c1t8d0s2


Example 14: Taking the Disk to be Removed Offline




The next two steps take the disk to be removed offline then quiesce the
bus:


example# luxadm -e offline /dev/rdsk/c1t8d0s2
example# luxadm -e bus_quiesce /dev/rdsk/c1t8d0s2


Example 15: Unquiescing the Bus




The user then removes the disk and continues by unquiescing the bus,
putting the disk back online, then unreserving it:


example# luxadm -e bus_unquiesce /dev/rdsk/c1t8d0s2
example# luxadm -e online /dev/rdsk/c1t8d0s2
example# luxadm release /dev/rdsk/c1t8d0s2


ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES


See environ(5) for a description of the LANG environment variable that
affects the execution of luxadm.

EXIT STATUS


The following exit values are returned:

0
Successful completion.


-1
An error occurred.


FILES


usr/lib/firmware/fc_s/fc_s_fcode


usr/lib/locale/C/LC_MESSAGES/ibfirmware


SEE ALSO


devlinks(1M), disks(1M), attributes(5), environ(5), ses(7D)

NOTES


Currently, only some device drivers support hot plugging. If hot plugging
is attempted on a disk or bus where it is not supported, an error message
of the form:

luxadm: can't acquire "PATHNAME": No such file or directory


will be displayed.


You must be careful not to quiesce a bus that contains the root or the
/usr filesystems or any swap data. If you do quiesce such a bus a
deadlock can result, requiring a system reboot.


May 13, 2017 LUXADM(1M)