IPFSTAT(1M) Maintenance Commands IPFSTAT(1M)


NAME


ipfstat - reports on packet filter statistics and filter list

SYNOPSIS


ipfstat [-6aACdfghIilnoRstv]


ipfstat [-C] [-D addrport] [-P protocol] [-S addrport]
[-T refreshtime] [-G | -z zonename]


DESCRIPTION


The ipfstat command is part of a suite of commands associated with the
Solaris IP Filter feature. See ipfilter(5).


The ipfstat command examines /dev/kmem using the symbols _fr_flags,
_frstats, _filterin, and _filterout. To run and work, it needs to be able
to read both /dev/kmem and the kernel itself.


The default behavior of ipfstat is to retrieve and display the statistics
which have been accumulated over time as the kernel has put packets
through the filter.


The role of ipfstat is to display current kernel statistics gathered as a
result of applying the filters in place (if any) to packets going in and
out of the kernel. This is the default operation when no command line
parameters are present. When supplied with either -i or -o, ipfstat will
retrieve and display the appropriate list of filter rules currently
installed and in use by the kernel.


ipfstat uses kernel device files to obtain information. The default
permissions of these files require ipfstat to be run as root for all
operations.


The ipfstat command supports the kstat(3KSTAT) kernel facility. Because
of this support, as an alternative to ipfstat, you can use kstat(1M). For
example:


# kstat -m ipf


Using the ipfstat -t option causes ipfstat to enter the state top mode.
In this mode the state table is displayed similarly to the way the Unix
top utility displays the process table. The -C, -D, -P, -S and -T command
line options can be used to restrict the state entries that will be shown
and to specify the frequency of display updates.


In state top mode, use the following keys to influence the displayed
information:

d
Select information to display.


l
Redraw the screen.


q
Quit the program.


s
Switch between different sorting criteria.


r
Reverse the sorting criteria.


States can be sorted by protocol number, by number of IP packets, by
number of bytes, and by time-to-live of the state entry. The default is
to sort by the number of bytes. States are sorted in descending order,
but you can use the r key to sort them in ascending order.


It is not possible to interactively change the source, destination, and
protocol filters or the refresh frequency. This must be done from the
command line.


The screen must have at least 80 columns for correct display. However,
ipfstat does not check the screen width.


Only the first X-5 entries that match the sort and filter criteria are
displayed (where X is the number of rows on the display). There is no way
to see additional entries.

OPTIONS


The following options are supported:

-6
Display filter lists and states for IPv6, if available.
This option might change in the future.


-a
Display the accounting filter list and show bytes
counted against each rule.


-A
Display packet authentication statistics.


-C
Valid only in combination with -t. Display "closed"
states as well in the top. Normally, a TCP connection
is not displayed when it reaches the CLOSE_WAIT
protocol state. With this option enabled, all state
entries are displayed.


-d
Produce debugging output when displaying data.


-D addrport
Valid only in combination with -t. Limit the state top
display to show only state entries whose destination IP
address and port match the addrport argument. The
addrport specification is of the form ipaddress[,port].
The ipaddress and port should be either numerical or
the string any (specifying any IP address and any port,
in that order). If the -D option is not specified, it
defaults to -D any,any.


-f
Show fragment state information (statistics) and held
state information (in the kernel) if any is present.


-g
Show groups currently configured (both active and
inactive).


-h
Show per-rule the number of times each one scores a
"hit". For use in combination with -i.


-i
Display the filter list used for the input side of the
kernel IP processing.


-I
Swap between retrieving inactive/active filter list
details. For use in combination with -i.


-l
When used with -s, show a list of active state entries
(no statistics).


-n
Show the rule number for each rule as it is printed.


-o
Display the filter list used for the output side of the
kernel IP processing.


-P protocol
Valid only in combination with -t. Limit the state top
display to show only state entries that match a
specific protocol. The argument can be a protocol name
(as defined in /etc/protocols) or a protocol number. If
this option is not specified, state entries for any
protocol are specified.


-R
Disable both IP address-to-hostname resolution and port
number-to-service name resolution.


-S addrport
Valid only in combination with -t. Limit the state top
display to show only state entries whose source IP
address and port match the addrport argument. The
addrport specification is of the form ipaddress[,port].
The ipaddress and port should be either numerical or
the string any (specifying any IP address and any port,
in that order). If the -S option is not specified, it
defaults to -S any,any.


-s
Show packet/flow state information (statistics only).


-T refreshtime
Valid only in combination with -t. Specifies how often
the state top display should be updated. The refresh
time is the number of seconds between an update. Any
positive integer can be used. The default (and minimal
update time) is 1.


-t
Show the state table in a way similar to the way the
Unix utility, top, shows the process table. States can
be sorted in a number of different ways.


-v
Turn verbose mode on. Displays additional debugging
information.


-z zonename
Report the in-zone statistics for the specified zone.
If neither this option nor -G is specified, the current
zone is used. This command is only available in the
Global Zone. See ZONES in ipf(1m) for more information.


-G zonename
Report the global zone controlled statistics for the
specified zone. If neither this option nor -z is
specified, the current zone is used. This command is
only available in the Global Zone. See ZONES in ipf(1m)
for more information.


FILES



o /dev/kmem

o /dev/ksyms

o /dev/ipl

o /dev/ipstate

ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+--------------------+-----------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|Interface Stability | Committed |
+--------------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


ipf(1M), kstat(1M), kstat(3KSTAT), attributes(5), ipfilter(5), zones(5)


October 30, 2013 IPFSTAT(1M)