SVCPROP(1) User Commands SVCPROP(1)


svcprop - retrieve values of service configuration properties


svcprop [-fqtv] [-C | -c | -s snapshot]
[-z zone] [-p [name/]name]...
{FMRI | pattern}...

svcprop -w [-fqtv] [-z zone] [-p [name/]name] {FMRI | pattern}


The svcprop utility prints values of properties in the service
configuration repository. Properties are selected by -p options and the

Without the -C, -c, or -s options, svcprop accesses effective properties.
The effective properties of a service are its directly attached
properties. The effective properties of a service instance are the union
of properties in the composed view of its running snapshot and the
properties in nonpersistent property groups in the composed view of the
instance's directly attached properties. See smf(7) for an explanation of
property composition. If the running snapshot does not exist then the
instance's directly attached properties are used instead.

Output Format

By default, when a single property is selected, the values for each are
printed on separate lines. Empty ASCII string values are represented by a
pair of double quotes (""). Bourne shell metacharacters (';', '&', '(',
')', '|', '^', '<', '>', newline, space, tab, backslash, '"', single-
quote, '`') in ASCII string values are quoted by backslashes (\).

When multiple properties are selected, a single line is printed for each.
Each line comprises a property designator, a property type, and the
values (as described above), separated by spaces. By default, if a single
FMRI operand has been supplied, the property designator consists of the
property group name and the property name joined by a slash (/). If
multiple FMRI operands are supplied, the designator is the canonical FMRI
for the property.

If access controls prohibit reading the value of a property, and no
property or property group is specified explicitly by a -p option, the
property is displayed as if it had no values. If one or more property or
property group names is specified by a -p option, and any property value
cannot be read due to access controls, an error results.

Error messages are printed to the standard error stream.


The following options are supported:

Uses the directly attached properties, without composition.

For service instances, uses the composed view of their
directly attached properties.

Selects the multi-property output format, with full FMRIs
as designators.

-p name
For each service or service instance specified by the
operands, selects all properties in the name property
group. For property groups specified by the operands,
selects the name property.

-p pg/prop
Selects property prop in property group pg for each of the
services or service instances specified by the operands.

Quiet. Produces no output.

-s name
Uses the composed view of the name snapshot for service

Selects the multi-property output format.

Verbose. Prints error messages for nonexistent properties,
even if option -q is also used.

Waits until the specified property group or the property
group containing the specified property changes before

This option is only valid when a single entity is
specified. If more than one operand is specified, or an
operand matches more than one instance, an error message is
printed and no action is taken. The -C option is implied.

-z zone
Uses properties from the service or instance in the
specified zone. This option is only applicable from the
global zone, see zones(7).


The following operands are supported:

The FMRI of a service, a service instance, a property group,
or a property.

Instances and services can be abbreviated by specifying the
instance name, or the trailing portion of the service name.
Properties and property groups must be specified by a full
FMRI. For example, given the FMRI:


The following are valid abbreviations:


The following are invalid abbreviations:


Abbreviated forms of FMRIs are unstable and should not be used
in scripts or other permanent tools. If an abbreviation
matches multiple instances, svcprop acts on each instance.

A glob pattern which is matched against the FMRIs of services
and instances in the repository. See fnmatch(7). If a pattern
matches multiple services or instances, svcprop acts on each
service or instance.


Example 1: Displaying the Value of a Single Property

The following example displays the value of the state property in the
restarter property group of instance default of service system/cron.

example% svcprop -p restarter/state system/cron:default

Example 2: Retrieving Whether a Service is Enabled

Whether a service is enabled is determined by its -general/enabled
property. This property takes immediate effect, so the -c option must be

example% svcprop -c -p general/enabled system/cron:default

Example 3: Displaying All Properties in a Property Group

On a default installation of Solaris, the following example displays all
properties in the general property group of each instance of the
network/ntp service:

example% svcprop -p general ntp
general/package astring SUNWntpr
general/enabled boolean true
general/entity_stability astring Unstable

Example 4: Testing the Existence of a Property

The following example tests the existence of the general/enabled property
for all instances of service identity:

example% svcprop -q -p general/enabled identity:
example% echo $?

Example 5: Waiting for Property Change

The following example waits for the sendmail instance to change state.

example% svcprop -w -p restarter/state sendmail

Example 6: Retrieving the Value of a Boolean Property in a Script

The following example retrieves the value of a boolean property in a

set -- `svcprop -c -t -p general/enabled service`
if [ $code -ne 0 ]; then
echo "svcprop failed with exit code $code"
return 1
if [ $2 != boolean ]; then
echo "general/enabled has unexpected type $2"
return 2
if [ $# -ne 3 ]; then
echo "general/enabled has wrong number of values"
return 3

Example 7: Using svcprop in a Script

example% cat getval

svcprop -p $1 $2 | (
read value v2
if [ -n "$v2" ]; then echo "Multiple values!"; exit; fi
echo $value


The following exit values are returned:

Successful completion.

An error occurred.

Invalid command line options were specified.


svcs(1), service_bundle(5), attributes(7), fnmatch(7), smf(7),
smf_method(7), smf_security(7), zones(7), inetd(8), svc.startd(8),
svcadm(8), svccfg(8)

illumos December 11, 2019 SVCPROP(1)