MAILQ(1) User Commands MAILQ(1)


mailq - print the mail queue


/usr/bin/mailq [-Ac] [-q subarg] [-v]


The mailq utility displays a summary of the mail messages queued for
future delivery.

The first line displayed for each mail message shows the internal
identifier used on this host for the message, the size of the message in
bytes, the date and time the message was accepted into the queue, and the
envelope sender of the message. The second line of the display shows the
error message that caused this message to be retained in the queue. This
line will not be displayed if the message is being processed for the
first time.

The mailq utility used to be identical to sendmail -bp. Now it checks for
the authorization attribute, solaris.mail.mailq. If the check for the
invoking user succeeds, sendmail -bp is executed with the remaining
argument vector. Otherwise, an error message is printed. This
authorization attribute is by default enabled for all users. It can be
disabled by modifying the Basic Solaris User entry in prof_attr(5).


The following options are supported:

Like sendmail(8), this flag tells mailq to use
rather than even if the operation mode
does not indicate an initial mail submission. This will
result in the client queue /var/spool/clientmqueue being
displayed rather than the default server queue

Similar to -qtime, except that instead of periodically
forking a child to process the queue, sendmail forks a
single persistent child for each queue that alternates
between processing the queue and sleeping. The sleep
time is given as the argument. The sleep time default is
1 second. The process will always sleep at least 5
seconds if the queue was empty in the previous queue

Processes saved messages in the queue once and does not
fork(), but runs in the foreground.

-qG name
Processes jobs in the queue group called name only.

-q[!]I substr
Limits processed jobs to those containing substr as a
substring of the queue id, or not when ! is specified.

-q[!]R substr
Limits processed jobs to those containing substr as a
substring of one of the recipients, or not when ! is

-q[!]S substr
Limits processed jobs to those containing substr as a
substring of the sender, or not when ! is specified.

Prints verbose information. This adds the priority of
the message and a single character indicator (+ or
blank) indicating whether a warning message has been
sent on the first line of the message. Additionally,
extra lines may be intermixed with the recipients that
indicate the "controlling user" information. This shows
who will own any programs that are executed on behalf of
this message and the name of the alias this command is
expanded from, if any.


Successful completion.

An error occurred.


local source for execution profile attributes

default server queue

client queue


prof_attr(5), attributes(7), sendmail(8)

July 10, 2002 MAILQ(1)