REFER(1) User Commands REFER(1)


NAME


refer - expand and insert references from a bibliographic database

SYNOPSIS


refer [-ben] [-ar] [-cstring] [-kx] [-lm,n] [-p filename]
[-skeys] filename...


DESCRIPTION


refer is a preprocessor for nroff(1), or troff(1), that finds and formats
references. The input files (standard input by default) are copied to the
standard output, except for lines between `.[' and `.]' command lines,
Such lines are assumed to contain keywords as for lookbib(1), and are
replaced by information from a bibliographic data base. The user can
avoid the search, override fields from it, or add new fields. The
reference data, from whatever source, is assigned to a set of troff
strings. Macro packages such as ms(7) print the finished reference text
from these strings. A flag is placed in the text at the point of
reference. By default, the references are indicated by numbers.


When refer is used with eqn(1), neqn, or tbl(1), refer should be used
first in the sequence, to minimize the volume of data passed through
pipes.

OPTIONS


-b
Bare mode -- do not put any flags in text (neither numbers
or labels).


-e
Accumulate references instead of leaving the references
where encountered, until a sequence of the form:

.[
$LIST$
.]


is encountered, and then write out all references
collected so far. Collapse references to the same source.


-n
Do not search the default file.


-ar
Reverse the first r author names (Jones, J. A. instead of
J. A. Jones). If r is omitted, all author names are
reversed.


-cstring
Capitalize (with SMALL CAPS) the fields whose key-letters
are in string.


-kx
Instead of numbering references, use labels as specified
in a reference data line beginning with the characters %x;
By default, x is L.


-lm,n
Instead of numbering references, use labels from the
senior author's last name and the year of publication.
Only the first m letters of the last name and the last n
digits of the date are used. If either of m or n is
omitted, the entire name or date, respectively, is used.


-p filename
Take the next argument as a file of references to be
searched. The default file is searched last.


-skeys
Sort references by fields whose key-letters are in the
keys string, and permute reference numbers in the text
accordingly. Using this option implies the -e option. The
key-letters in keys may be followed by a number indicating
how many such fields are used, with a + sign taken as a
very large number. The default is AD, which sorts on the
senior author and date. To sort on all authors and then
the date, for instance, use the options `-sA+T'.


FILES


/usr/lib/refer
directory of programs


/usr/lib/refer/papers
directory of default publication lists and
indexes


SEE ALSO


addbib(1), eqn(1), indxbib(1), lookbib(1), nroff(1), roffbib(1),
sortbib(1), tbl(1), troff(1), attributes(7)


September 14, 1992 REFER(1)