LDAPMODIFY(1) User Commands LDAPMODIFY(1)


NAME


ldapmodify, ldapadd - ldap entry addition and modification tools

SYNOPSIS


ldapmodify [-a] [-c] [-r] [-n] [-v] [-F] [-b] [-A] [-q]
[-H] [-?] [-E] [-J] [-Z] [-M] [-d debuglevel]
[-D bindDN] [-j filename] [-J [:criticality]]
[-B baseDN] [-V version] [-Y proxyDN] [-O hopLimit]
[-i locale] [-k path] [-e errorFile] [-P path]
[-N certificate] [-w passwd] [-o attributename=value]
[-h ldaphost] [-W password] [-p ldapport] [-f file]
[-l nb-ldap-connections]


ldapadd [-c] [-n] [-v] [-F]
[ [-b] [-A] [-q] [-H] [-?] [-E] [-J] [-Z] [-M]-d debuglevel]
[-D bindDN] [-j filename] [-B baseDN] [-V version]
[-Y proxyDN] [-O hopLimit] [-i locale] [-k path]
[-e errorFile] [-P path] [-N certificate] [-w passwd]
[-o attributename=value] [-h ldaphost] [-W password]
[-p ldapport] [-f file] [-l nb-ldap-connections]


DESCRIPTION


The ldapmodify utility opens a connection to an LDAP server, binds and
modifies or adds entries. The entry information is read from standard
input or from file, specified using the -f option. The ldapadd utility is
implemented as a hard link to the ldapmodify tool. When invoked as
ldapadd, the -a (add new entry) option is turned on automatically.


Both ldapadd and ldapmodify reject duplicate attribute-name/value pairs
for the same entry.

OPTIONS


The following options are supported:

-a

Adds new entries. The default for ldapmodify is to modify existing
entries. If invoked as ldapadd, this option is always set.


-A

Non-ASCII mode: display non-ASCII values, in conjunction with the -v
option.


-b

Handle binary files. The ldapmodify tool will scan every attribute
value in the input to determine whether it is a valid file reference.
If the reference is valid, it will use the contents of the file as
the attribute's value. This option is used to input binary data, such
as a JPEG image, for an attribute. For example, the corresponding
LDIF input would be: " jpegPhoto: /tmp/photo.jpg" The ldapmodify tool
also supports the LDIF :< URL notation for directly including file
contents.


-B baseDN

Specify the base DN when performing additions, usually in double
quotes ("") for the shell. All entries will be placed under this
suffix, thus providing bulk import functionality.


-c

Specifies continuous operation mode. Errors are reported, but
ldapmodify and ldapadd continue with modifications. The default is
to exit after reporting an error.


-D bindDN

Uses the distinguished name bindDN to bind to the directory.


-d debuglevel

Sets the LDAP debugging level. Useful levels of debugging for
ldapmodify and ldapadd are:

1
Trace


2
Packets


4
Arguments


32
Filters


128
Access control

To request more than one category of debugging information, add the
masks. For example, to request trace and filter information, specify
a debuglevel of 33.


-e errorFile

Invalid update statements in the input will be copied to the
errorFile for debugging. Use with the -c option to correct errors
when processing large LDIF input.


-E

Ask server to expose (report) bind identity by means of
authentication response control.


-F

Forces application of all changes regardless of the content of input
lines that begin with replica:. By default, replica: lines are
compared against the LDAP server host and port in use to decide
whether a replog record should be applied.


-f file

Reads the entry modification information from file instead of from
standard input.


-?

Display the usage help text that briefly describes all options.


-H

Display the usage help text that briefly describes all options.


-h ldaphost

Specifies an alternate host on which the LAPD server is running.


-i locale

Specify the character set to use for the -f LDIFfile or standard
input. The default is the character set specified in the LANG
environment variable. You might choose to use this option to perform
the conversion from the specified character set to UTF8, thus
overriding the LANG setting.


-j filename

Specify a file containing the password for the bind DN or the
password for the SSL client's key database. To protect the password,
use this option in scripts and place the password in a secure file.
This option is mutually exclusive of the -w and -W options.


-J [:criticality[:value|::b64value|b64value|:fileurl]]

Criticality is a boolean value (default is false).


-k path

Specify the path to a directory containing conversion routines. These
routines are used if you want to specify a locale that is not
supported by default by your directory server. This is for NLS
support.


-l nb-ldap-connections

Specifies the number of LDAP connections that ldapadd or ldapmodify
will open to process the modifications in the directory. The default
is one connection.


-M

Manage smart referrals. When they are the target of the operation,
modify the entry containing the referral instead of the entry
obtained by following the referral.


-n

Previews modifications, but makes no changes to entries. Useful in
conjunction with -v and -d for debugging.


-N certificate

Specify the certificate name to use for certificate-based client
authentication. For example: -N "Directory-Cert".


-o attributename=value

For SASL mechanisms and other options such as security properties,
mode of operation, authorization ID, authentication ID, and so forth.

The different attribute names and their values are as follows:

secProp="number"
For defining SASL security properties.


realm="value"
Specifies SASL realm (default is realm=none).


authzid="value"
Specify the authorization ID name for SASL bind.


authid="value"
Specify the authentication ID for SASL bind.


mech="value"
Specifies the various SASL mechanisms.


-O hopLimit

Specify the maximum number of referral hops to follow while finding
an entry to modify. By default, there is no limit.


-p ldapport

Specifies an alternate TCP port where the secure LDAP server is
listening.


-P path

Specify the path and filename of the client's certificate database.
For example:

-P /home/uid/.netscape/cert7.db

When using the command on the same host as the directory server, you
can use the server's own certificate database. For example:

-P installDir/lapd-serverID/alias/cert7.db

Use the -P option alone to specify server authentication only.


-r

Replaces existing value with the specified value. This is the default
for ldapmodify. When ldapadd is called, or if the -a option is
specified, the -r option is ignored.


-v

Uses verbose mode, with diagnostics written to standard output.


-V version

Specify the LDAP protocol version number to be used for the delete
operation, either 2 or 3. LDAP v3 is the default. Specify LDAP v2
when connecting to servers that do not support v3.


-W password

Specify the password for the client's key database given in the -P
option. This option is required for certificate-based client
authentication. Specifying password on the command line has security
issues because the password can be seen by others on the system by
means of the ps command. Use the -j instead to specify the password
from the file. This option is mutually exclusive of -j.


-w passwd

Use passwd as the password for authentication to the directory. When
you use -w passwd to specify the password to be used for
authentication, the password is visible to other users of the system
by means of the ps command, in script files or in shell history. If
you use either the ldapmodify command or the ldapadd command without
this option, the command will prompt for the password and read it
from standard in. When used without the -w option, the password will
not be visible to other users.


-Y proxyid

Specify the proxy DN (proxied authorization id) to use for the modify
operation, usually in double quotes ("") for the shell.


-Z

Specify that SSL be used to provide certificate-based client
authentication. This option requires the -N and SSL password and any
other of the SSL options needed to identify the certificate and the
key database.


EXIT STATUS


The following exit values are returned:

0
Successful completion.


Non-zero
An error occurred. A diagnostic message is written to
standard error.


EXAMPLES


The format of the content of file (or standard input if no -f option is
specified) is illustrated in the following examples.

Example 1: Modifying an Entry




The file /tmp/entrymods contains the following modification instructions:


dn: cn=Modify Me, o=XYZ, c=US
changetype: modify
replace: mail
mail: modme@atlanta.xyz.com
-
add: title
title: System Manager
-
add: jpegPhoto
jpegPhoto:< file:///tmp/modme.jpeg
-
delete: description
-


The command:


example% ldapmodify -r -f /tmp/entrymods


modifies the Modify Me entry as follows:


1. The current value of the mail attribute is replaced with the
value, modme@atlanta.xyz.com.

2. A title attribute with the value, System Manager, is added.

3. A jpegPhoto attribute is added, using the contents of the
file, /tmp/modme.jpeg, as the attribute value.

4. The description attribute is removed.

Example 2: Creating a New Entry




The file, /tmp/newentry, contains the following information for creating
a new entry:


dn: cn=Ann Jones, o=XYZ, c=US
objectClass: person
cn: Ann Jones
cn: Annie Jones
sn: Jones
title: Director of Research and Development
mail: ajones@londonrd.xyz.us.com
uid: ajones


The command


example% ldapadd -f /tmp/newentry


adds a new entry for Ann Jones, using the information in the file.


Example 3: Creating a New Entry on an IPv6 Server




The file, /tmp/newentry, contains the following information for creating
a new entry: on an IPv6 server.


dn: cn=Ann Jones, o=XYZ, c=US
objectClass: person
cn: Ann Jones
cn: Annie Jones
sn: Jones
title: Director of Research and Development
mail: ajones@londonrd.xyz.us.com
uid: ajones


The command


example% ldapadd -c -v -h '['fec0::111:a00:20ff:feaa:a364']':389 \
-D cn=Directory Manager -w secret \
-f /tmp/entry


adds a new entry for Directory Manager, using the information in the
file.


Example 4: Deleting an Entry




The file, /tmp/badentry, contains the following information about an
entry to be deleted:


dn: cn=Ann Jones, o=XYZ, c=US
changetype: delete


The command:


example% ldapmodify -f /tmp/badentry


removes Ann Jones' entry.


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for a description of the following attributes:


+----------------+-----------------+
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
|Stability Level | Evolving |
+----------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


ldap(1), ldapdelete(1), ldaplist(1), ldapmodrdn(1), ldapsearch(1),
ldapaddent(1M), ldap_cachemgr(1M), ldap_get_option(3LDAP),
ldap_set_option(3LDAP), attributes(5)


January 15, 2004 LDAPMODIFY(1)