GETTEXT(1) User Commands GETTEXT(1)


NAME


gettext - retrieve text string from message database

SYNOPSIS


gettext [-d textdomain | --domain=textdomain]
[textdomain] msgid


gettext -s [-e] [-n]
[-d textdomain | --domain=textdomain] msgid...


DESCRIPTION


The gettext utility retrieves a translated text string corresponding to
string msgid from a message object generated with msgfmt(1). The message
object name is derived from the optional argument textdomain if present,
otherwise from the TEXTDOMAIN environment. If no domain is specified, or
if a corresponding string cannot be found, gettext prints msgid.


Ordinarily, gettext looks for its message object in
/usr/lib/locale/lang/LC_MESSAGES where lang is the locale name. If
present, the TEXTDOMAINDIR environment variable replaces the pathname
component up to lang.


This command interprets C escape sequences such as \t for tab. Use \\ to
print a backslash. To produce a message on a line of its own, either
enter \n at the end of msgid, or use this command in conjunction with
printf(1).


When used with the -s option, gettext behaves like echo(1). But it does
not simply copy its arguments to standard output. Instead, those messages
found in the selected catalog are translated.

OPTIONS


The following options are supported:

-d textdomain
--domain=textdomain
Retrieves translated messages from the domain
textdomain, if textdomain is not specified as
an operand.


-e
Enables expansion of some escape sequences if
used with the -s option.


-n
Suppresses trailing newline if used with the -s
option.


-s
Behaves like echo(1) (see DESCRIPTION above).
If the -s option is specified, no expansion of
C escape sequences is performed and a newline
character is appended to the output, by
default.


OPERANDS


The following operands are supported:

textdomain
A domain name used to retrieve the messages. This overrides
the specification by the -d or --domain options, if
present.


msgid
A key to retrieve the localized message.


ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES


LANG
Specifies locale name.


LC_MESSAGES
Specifies messaging locale, and if present overrides
LANG for messages.


TEXTDOMAIN
Specifies the text domain name, which is identical to
the message object filename without .mo suffix.


TEXTDOMAINDIR
Specifies the pathname to the message database. If
present, replaces /usr/lib/locale.


SEE ALSO


echo(1), msgfmt(1), printf(1), gettext(3C), setlocale(3C), attributes(7)

NOTES


This is the shell equivalent of the library routine gettext(3C).


September 17, 2001 GETTEXT(1)