GENCAT(1) User Commands GENCAT(1)


gencat - generate a formatted message catalog


gencat catfile msgfile...


The gencat command merges the message text source file(s) msgfile into a
formatted message database catfile. The database catfile is created if it
does not already exist. If catfile does exist, its messages are included
in the new catfile. If set and message numbers collide, the new message-
text defined in msgfile replaces the old message text currently contained
in catfile. The message text source file (or set of files) input to
gencat can contain either set and message numbers or simply message
numbers, in which case the set NL_SETD (see nl_types.h(3HEAD)) is

Message Text Source File Format

The format of a message text source file is defined as follows. Note that
the fields of a message text source line are separated by a single ASCII
space or tab character. Any other ASCII spaces or tabs are considered as
part of the subsequent field.

$set n comment
Where n specifies the set identifier of the
following messages until the next $set, $delset, or
end-of-file appears. n must be a number in the
range (1-{NL_SETMAX}). Set identifiers within a
single source file need not be contiguous. Any
string following the set identifier is treated as a
comment. If no $set directive is specified in a
message text source file, all messages are located
in the default message set NL_SETD.

$delset n comment
Deletes message set n from an existing message
catalog. Any string following the set number is
treated as a comment. (Note: if n is not a valid
set it is ignored.)

A line beginning with a dollar symbol $ followed
by an ASCII space or tab character is treated as a

m message-text
The m denotes the message identifier, a number in
the range (1-{NL_MSGMAX}). The message-text is
stored in the message catalog with the set
identifier specified by the last $set directive,
and with message identifier m. If the message-text
is empty, and an ASCII space or tab field separator
is present, an empty string is stored in the
message catalog. If a message source line has a
message number, but neither a field separator nor
message-text, the existing message with that number
(if any) is deleted from the catalog. Message
identifiers need not be contiguous. The length of
message-text must be in the range (0-{NL_TEXTMAX}).

$quote c
This line specifies an optional quote character c,
which can be used to surround message-text so that
trailing spaces or null (empty) messages are
visible in a message source line. By default, or
if an empty $quote directive is supplied, no
quoting of message-text will be recognized.

Empty lines in a message text source file are ignored.

Text strings can contain the special characters and escape sequences
defined in the following table:

|Description Symbol Sequence |
|newline NL(LF) \n |
|horizontal tab HT \t |
|vertical tab VT \v |
|backspace BS \b |
|carriage return CR \r |
|form feed FF \f |
|backslash \ \\ |
|bit pattern ddd \ddd |

The escape sequence \ddd consists of backslash followed by 1, 2 or 3
octal digits, which are taken to specify the value of the desired
character. If the character following a backslash is not one of those
specified, the backslash is ignored.

Backslash followed by an ASCII newline character is also used to continue
a string on the following line. Thus, the following two lines describe a
single message string:

1 This line continues \
to the next line

which is equivalent to:

1 This line continues to the next line


The following operands are supported:

A path name of the formatted message catalog. If - is
specified, standard output is used.

A path name of a message text source file. If - is specified
for an instance of msgfile, standard input is used. The
format of message text source files is defined in Message
Text Source File Format.


See environ(7) for descriptions of the following environment variables
that affect the execution of gencat: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES,


The following exit values are returned:

Successful completion.

An error occurred.


See attributes(7) for descriptions of the following attributes:

|CSI | enabled |
|Interface Stability | Standard |


mkmsgs(1), catgets(3C), catopen(3C), gettxt(3C), nl_types.h(3HEAD),
attributes(7), environ(7), standards(7)

February 1, 1995 GENCAT(1)