SYSEVENT_SUBSCRIBE_EVENT(3SYSEVENT) System Event Library Functions


NAME


sysevent_subscribe_event, sysevent_unsubscribe_event - register or
unregister interest in event receipt

SYNOPSIS


cc [ flag... ] file... -lsysevent [ library... ]
#include <libsysevent.h>

int sysevent_subscribe_event(sysevent_handle_t *sysevent_hdl,
char *event_class, char **event_subclass_list,
int num_subclasses);


void sysevent_unsubscribe_event(sysevent_handle_t *sysevent_hdl,
char *event_class);


PARAMETERS


event_class
system event class string


event_subclass_list
array of subclass strings


num_subclasses
number of subclass strings


sysevent_hdl
sysevent subscriber handle


DESCRIPTION


The sysevent_subscribe_event() function registers the caller's interest
in event notifications belonging to the class event_class and the
subclasses contained in event_subclass_list. The subscriber handle
sysevent_hdl is updated with the new subscription and the calling process
receives event notifications from the event handler specified in
sysevent_bind_handle.


System events matching event_class and a subclass contained in
event_subclass_list published after the caller returns from
sysevent_subscribe_event() are guaranteed to be delivered to the calling
process. Matching system events published and queued prior to a call to
sysevent_subscribe_event() may be delivered to the process's event
handler.


The num_subclasses argument provides the number of subclass string
elements in event_subclass_list.


A caller can use the event class EC_ALL to subscribe to all event classes
and subclasses. The event class EC_SUB_ALL can be used to subscribe to
all subclasses within a given event class.


Subsequent calls to sysevent_subscribe_event() are allowed to add
additional classes or subclasses. To remove an existing subscription,
sysevent_unsubscribe_event() must be used to remove the subscription.


The sysevent_unsubscribe_event() function removes the subscription
described by event_class for sysevent_hdl. Event notifications matching
event_class will not be delivered to the calling process upon return.


A caller can use the event class EC_ALL to remove all subscriptions for
sysevent_hdl.


The library manages all subscription resources.

RETURN VALUES


The sysevent_subscribe_event() function returns 0 if the subscription is
successful. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the
error.


The sysevent_unsubscribe_event() function returns no value.

ERRORS


The sysevent_subscribe_event() function will fail if:

EACCES
The calling process has an ID other than the privileged user.


EINVAL
The sysevent_hdl argument is an invalid sysevent handle.


ENOMEM
There is insufficient memory available to allocate subscription
resources.


EXAMPLES


Example 1: Subscribing for environmental events



#include <libsysevent.h>
#include <sys/nvpair.h>

static int32_t attr_int32;

#define CLASS1 "class1"
#define CLASS2 "class2"
#define SUBCLASS_1 "subclass_1"
#define SUBCLASS_2 "subclass_2"
#define SUBCLASS_3 "subclass_3"
#define MAX_SUBCLASS 3

static void
event_handler(sysevent_t *ev)
{
nvlist_t *nvlist;

/*
* Special processing for events (CLASS1, SUBCLASS_1) and
* (CLASS2, SUBCLASS_3)
*/
if ((strcmp(CLASS1, sysevent_get_class_name(ev)) == 0 &&
strcmp(SUBCLASS_1, sysevent_get_subclass_name(ev)) == 0) ||
(strcmp(CLASS2, sysevent_get_subclass_name(ev) == 0) &&
strcmp(SUBCLASS_3, sysevent_get_subclass(ev)) == 0)) {
if (sysevent_get_attr_list(ev, &nvlist) != 0)
return;
if (nvlist_lookup_int32(nvlist, "my_int32_attr", &attr_int32)
!= 0)
return;

/* Event Processing */
} else {
/* Event Processing */
}

}


int
main(int argc, char **argv)
{
sysevent_handle_t *shp;
const char *subclass_list[MAX_SUBCLASS];

/* Bind event handler and create subscriber handle */
shp = sysevent_bind_handle(event_handler);
if (shp == NULL)
exit(1);

/* Subscribe to all CLASS1 event notifications */
subclass_list[0] = EC_SUB_ALL;
if (sysevent_subscribe_event(shp, CLASS1, subclass_list, 1) != 0) {
sysevent_unbind_handle(shp);
exit(1);
}

/* Subscribe to CLASS2 events for subclasses: SUBCLASS_1,
* SUBCLASS_2 and SUBCLASS_3
*/
subclass_list[0] = SUBCLASS_1;
subclass_list[1] = SUBCLASS_2;
subclass_list[2] = SUBCLASS_3;
if (sysevent_subscribe_event(shp, CLASS2, subclass_list,
MAX_SUBCLASS) != 0) {
sysevent_unbind_handle(shp);
exit(1);
}

for (;;) {
(void) pause();
}
}


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+--------------------+-----------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|Interface Stability | Committed |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|MT-Level | MT-Safe |
+--------------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


syseventd(1M), sysevent_bind_handle(3SYSEVENT),
sysevent_get_attr_list(3SYSEVENT), sysevent_get_class_name(3SYSEVENT),
sysevent_get_vendor_name(3SYSEVENT), attributes(5)

NOTES


The libsysevent interfaces do not work at all in non-global zones.


July 24, 2009
SYSEVENT_SUBSCRIBE_EVENT(3SYSEVENT)