ACCEPT(3XNET) X/Open Networking Services Library Functions ACCEPT(3XNET)


NAME


accept - accept a new connection on a socket

SYNOPSIS


cc [ flag ... ] file ... -lxnet [ library ... ]
#include <sys/socket.h>


int accept(int socket, struct sockaddr *restrict address,
socklen_t *restrict address_len);


DESCRIPTION


The accept() function extracts the first connection on the queue of
pending connections, creates a new socket with the same socket type
protocol and address family as the specified socket, and allocates a new
file descriptor for that socket.


The function takes the following arguments:

socket
Specifies a socket that was created with socket(3XNET),
has been bound to an address with bind(3XNET), and has
issued a successful call to listen(3XNET).


address
Either a null pointer, or a pointer to a sockaddr
structure where the address of the connecting socket will
be returned.


address_len
Points to a socklen_t which on input specifies the length
of the supplied sockaddr structure, and on output
specifies the length of the stored address.


If address is not a null pointer, the address of the peer for the
accepted connection is stored in the sockaddr structure pointed to by
address, and the length of this address is stored in the object pointed
to by address_len.


If the actual length of the address is greater than the length of the
supplied sockaddr structure, the stored address will be truncated.


If the protocol permits connections by unbound clients, and the peer is
not bound, then the value stored in the object pointed to by address is
unspecified.


If the listen queue is empty of connection requests and O_NONBLOCK is not
set on the file descriptor for the socket, accept() will block until a
connection is present. If the listen(3XNET) queue is empty of connection
requests and O_NONBLOCK is set on the file descriptor for the socket,
accept() will fail and set errno to EAGAIN or EWOULDBLOCK.


The accepted socket cannot itself accept more connections. The original
socket remains open and can accept more connections.

USAGE


When a connection is available, select(3C) will indicate that the file
descriptor for the socket is ready for reading.

RETURN VALUES


Upon successful completion, accept() returns the nonnegative file
descriptor of the accepted socket. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno
is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS


The accept() function will fail if:

EAGAIN
EWOULDBLOCK
O_NONBLOCK is set for the socket file descriptor and no
connections are present to be accepted.


EBADF
The socket argument is not a valid file descriptor.


ECONNABORTED
A connection has been aborted.


EFAULT
The address or address_len parameter can not be
accessed or written.


EINTR
The accept() function was interrupted by a signal that
was caught before a valid connection arrived.


EINVAL
The socket is not accepting connections.


EMFILE
OPEN_MAX file descriptors are currently open in the
calling process.


ENFILE
The maximum number of file descriptors in the system are
already open.


ENOTSOCK
The socket argument does not refer to a socket.


EOPNOTSUPP
The socket type of the specified socket does not support
accepting connections.


The accept() function may fail if:

ENOBUFS
No buffer space is available.


ENOMEM
There was insufficient memory available to complete the
operation.


ENOSR
There was insufficient STREAMS resources available to complete
the operation.


EPROTO
A protocol error has occurred; for example, the STREAMS
protocol stack has not been initialized.


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+--------------------+-----------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|Interface Stability | Standard |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|MT-Level | MT-Safe |
+--------------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


sockaddr(3SOCKET), bind(3XNET), connect(3XNET), listen(3XNET),
socket(3XNET), attributes(5), standards(5)


November 1, 2003 ACCEPT(3XNET)