GETDENTS(2) System Calls GETDENTS(2)


NAME


getdents - read directory entries and put in a file system independent
format

SYNOPSIS


#include <dirent.h>

int getdents(int fildes, struct dirent *buf, size_t nbyte);


DESCRIPTION


The getdents() function attempts to read nbyte bytes from the directory
associated with the file descriptor fildes and to format them as file
system independent directory entries in the buffer pointed to by buf.
Since the file system independent directory entries are of variable
lengths, in most cases the actual number of bytes returned will be less
than nbyte. The file system independent directory entry is specified by
the dirent structure. See dirent.h(3HEAD).


On devices capable of seeking, getdents() starts at a position in the
file given by the file pointer associated with fildes. Upon return from
getdents(), the file pointer is incremented to point to the next
directory entry.

RETURN VALUES


Upon successful completion, a non-negative integer is returned indicating
the number of bytes actually read. A return value of 0 indicates the end
of the directory has been reached. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is
set to indicate the error.

ERRORS


The getdents() function will fail if:

EBADF
The fildes argument is not a valid file descriptor open for
reading.


EFAULT
The buf argument points to an illegal address.


EINVAL
The nbyte argument is not large enough for one directory
entry.


EIO
An I/O error occurred while accessing the file system.


ENOENT
The current file pointer for the directory is not located at
a valid entry.


ENOLINK
The fildes argument points to a remote machine and the link
to that machine is no longer active.


ENOTDIR
The fildes argument is not a directory.


EOVERFLOW
The value of the dirent structure member d_ino or d_off
cannot be represented in an ino_t or off_t.


USAGE


The getdents() function was developed to implement the readdir(3C)
function and should not be used for other purposes.


The getdents() function has a transitional interface for 64-bit file
offsets. See lf64(5).

SEE ALSO


readdir(3C), dirent.h(3HEAD), lf64(5)


July 17, 2001 GETDENTS(2)