IPADM(1M) Maintenance Commands IPADM(1M)

NAME


ipadm - configure IP interfaces, addresses and protocols

SYNOPSIS


ipadm create-if [-t] interface
ipadm disable-if -t interface
ipadm enable-if -t interface
ipadm delete-if interface
ipadm show-if [[-p] -o field[,field]...] [interface]
ipadm set-ifprop [-t] -p prop=value[,value]... -m protocol interface
ipadm reset-ifprop [-t] -p prop -m protocol interface
ipadm show-ifprop [[-c] -o field[,value]...] [-p prop[,prop]...]
[-m protocol] [interface]
ipadm create-addr [-t] -T static [-d] -a [local|remote=]addr[/prefixlen]...
addrobj
ipadm create-addr [-t] -T dhcp [-1] [-h hostname] [-w {seconds|forever}]
addrobj
ipadm create-addr [-t] -T addrconf [-i interface-id]
[-p {stateful|stateless}={yes|no}]... addrobj
ipadm down-addr [-t] addrobj
ipadm up-addr [-t] addrobj
ipadm disable-addr [-t] addrobj
ipadm enable-addr [-t] addrobj
ipadm refresh-addr [-i] addrobj
ipadm delete-addr [-r] addrobj
ipadm show-addr [[-p] -o field[,field]...] [addrobj]
ipadm set-addrprop [-t] -p prop=value[,value]... addrobj
ipadm reset-addrprop [-t] -p prop addrobj
ipadm show-addrprop [[-c] -o field[,field]...] [-p prop[,prop]...]
[addrobj]
ipadm set-prop [-t] -p prop[+|-]=value[,value]... protocol
ipadm reset-prop [-t] -p prop protocol
ipadm show-prop [[-c] -o field[,field]...] [-p prop[,prop]...] [protocol]

DESCRIPTION


The ipadm command is a stable replacement for the ifconfig(1M) and ndd(1M)
commands. It is used to create IP interfaces and to configure IP addresses
on those interfaces. It is also used to get, set or reset properties on
interfaces, addresses and protocols.

For subcommands that take an addrobj, the addrobj specifies a unique
address on the system. It is made up of two parts, delimited by a `/'.
The first part is the name of the interface and the second part is a string
up to 32 characters long. For example, "lo0/v4" is a loopback interface
addrobj name.

For subcommands that take a protocol, this can be one of the following
values: ip, ipv4, ipv6, icmp, tcp, sctp or udp.

SUBCOMMANDS


The following subcommands are supported:

ipadm create-if [-t] interface
Create an IP interface that will handle both IPv4 and IPv6 packets.
The interface will be enabled as part of the creation process. The
IPv4 interface will have the address 0.0.0.0. The IPv6 interface
will have the address ::.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm disable-if -t interface
Disable the specified IP interface.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm enable-if -t interface
Enable the specified IP interface.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm delete-if interface
Permanently delete the specified IP interface.

ipadm show-if [[-p] -o field[,field]...] [interface]
Show the current IP interface configuration.

-o,--output
Select which fields will be shown. The field value can be
one of the following names:
ALL Display all fields.
IFNAME The name of the interface.
STATE The state can be one of the following values:
ok resources for the interface have been
allocated
offline the interface is offline
failed the interface's datalink is down
down the interface is down
disabled the interface is disabled
CURRENT A set of single character flags indicating the
following:
b broadcast (mutually exclusive with `p')
m multicast
p point-to-point (mutually exclusive with `b')
v virtual interface
I IPMP
s IPMP standby
i IPMP inactive
V VRRP
a VRRP accept mode
4 IPv4
6 IPv6
PERSISTENT A set of single character flags showing what
configuration will be used the next time the
interface is enabled:
s IPMP standby
4 IPv4
6 IPv6

-p,--parsable
Print the output in a parsable format.

ipadm set-ifprop [-t] -p prop=value[,value]... -m protocol interface
Set a property's value(s) on the specified IP interface.

-m,--module
Specify which protocol the setting applies to.

-p,--prop
Specify the property name and value(s). The property name
can be one of the following:
arp Address resolution protocol (on/off).
exchange_routes Exchange of routing data (on/off).
forwarding IP Forwarding (on/off)
metric Set the routing metric to the numeric
value. The value is treated as extra hops
to the destination.
mtu Set the maximum transmission unit to the
numeric value.
nud Neighbor unreachability detection (on/off)
usesrc Indicates which interface to use for
source address selection. A value none
may also be used.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm reset-ifprop [-t] -p prop -m protocol interface
Reset the specified IP interface's property value to the default.

-m,--module
Specify which protocol the setting applies to.

-p,--prop
Specify the property name. See the ipadm set-ifprop
subcommand for the list of property names.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm show-ifprop [[-c] -o field[,value]...] [-p prop[,prop]...] [-m
protocol] [interface]
Display the property values for one or all of the IP interfaces.

-c,--parsable
Print the output in a parsable format.

-m,--module
Specify which protocol to display.

-o,--output
Select which fields will be shown. The field value can be
one of the following names:
ALL Display all fields.
IFNAME The name of the interface.
PROPERTY The name of the property.
PROTO The name of the protocol.
PERM If the property is readable ("r") and/or
writable ("w").
CURRENT The value of the property.
PERSISTENT The persistent value of the property.
DEFAULT The default value of the property.
POSSIBLE The possible values for the property.

-p,--prop
Specify which properties to display. See the ipadm
set-ifprop subcommand for the list of property names.

ipadm create-addr [-t] -T static [-d] -a [local|remote=]addr[/prefixlen]...
addrobj
Create an address on the specified IP interface using static
configuration. The address will be enabled but can disabled using
the ipadm disable-addr subcommand. Note that addrconf address
configured on an interface is required to configure static IPv6
address on the same interface. This takes the following options:

-a,--address
Specify the address. The local or remote prefix can be
used for a point-to-point interface. In this case, both
addresses must be given. Otherwise, the equal sign ("=")
should be omitted and the address should be provided by
itself without second address.

-d,--down
The address is down.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm create-addr [-t] -T dhcp [-1] [-h hostname] [-w {seconds|forever}]
addrobj
Create an address on the specified IP interface using DHCP. This
takes the following options:

-1,--primary
Specify that the interface is primary. One effect will be
that nodename(4) will serve as -h,--reqhost if that switch
is not otherwise specified.

-h,--reqhost
Specify the host name to send to the DHCP server in order
to request an association of a Fully Qualified Domain Name
to the interface. An FQDN is determined from hostname if
it is "rooted" (ending in a '.'), or if it consists of at
least three DNS labels, or by appending to hostname the DNS
domain name value configured in /etc/default/dhcpagent for
dhcpagent(1m). N.b. that the DHCP server implementation
ultimately determines whether and how the client-sent FQDN
is used.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

-w,--wait
Specify the time, in seconds, that the command should wait
to obtain an address; or specify forever to wait without
interruption. The default value is 120.

ipadm create-addr [-t] -T addrconf [-i interface-id] [-p
{stateful|stateless}={yes|no}]... addrobj
Create an auto-configured address on the specified IP interface.
This takes the following options:

-i,--interface-id
Specify the interface ID to be used.

-p,--prop
Specify which method of auto-configuration should be used.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm down-addr [-t] addrobj
Down the address. This will stop packets from being sent or
received.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm up-addr [-t] addrobj
Up the address. This will enable packets to be sent and received.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm disable-addr [-t] addrobj
Disable the address.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm enable-addr [-t] addrobj
Enable the address.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm refresh-addr [-i] addrobj
Extend the lease for DHCP addresses. It also restarts duplicate
address detection for static addresses.

-i,--inform
Obtain network configuration from DHCP without taking a
lease on the address.

ipadm delete-addr [-r] addrobj
Delete the given address.

-r,--release
Indicate that the DHCP-assigned address should be released.

ipadm show-addr [[-p] -o field[,field]...] [addrobj]
Show the current address properties.

-o,--output
Select which fields will be shown. The field value can be
one of the following names:
ALL Display all fields.
ADDROBJ The name of the address.
TYPE The type of the address (static/dhcp/addrconf).
STATE The state of the address. It can be one of the
following values:
disabled see the ipadm disable-addr
subcommand
down see the ipadm down-addr
subcommand
duplicate the address is a duplicate
inaccessible the interface for this address
has failed
ok the address is up
tentative duplicate address detection in
progress
CURRENT A set of single character flags indicating the
following:
U up
u unnumbered (matches another local address)
p private, not advertised to routing
t temporary IPv6 address
d deprecated (not used for outgoing packets)
PERSISTENT A set of single character flags showing the
configuration which will be used when the
address is enabled.
U up
p private, not advertised to routing
d deprecated (not used for outgoing packets)
ADDR The address.

-p,--parsable
Print the output in a parsable format.

ipadm set-addrprop [-t] -p prop=value[,value]... addrobj
Set a property's value(s) on the addrobj.

-p,--prop
Specify the property name and value(s). The property name
can be one of the following:
broadcast The broadcast address (read-only).
deprecated The address should not be used to send packets
but can still receive packets (on/off).
prefixlen The number of bits in the IPv4 netmask or IPv6
prefix.
primary The DHCP primary interface flag (read-only).
private The address is not advertised to routing
(on/off).
reqhost The host name to send to the DHCP server in
order to request an association of the FQDN to
the interface. For a primary DHCP interface,
nodename(4) is sent if this property is not
defined. See the ipadm create-addr -T dhcp
subcommand for the explanation of how an FQDN
is determined.
transmit Packets can be transmitted (on/off).
zone The zone the addrobj is in (temporary-only--use
zonecfg(1M) to make persistent).

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm reset-addrprop [-t] -p prop addrobj
Reset the addrobj's property value to the default.

-p,--prop
Specify the property name. See the ipadm set-addrprop
subcommand for the list of property names.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm show-addrprop [[-c] -o field[,field]...] [-p prop[,prop]...]
[addrobj]
Display the property values for one or all of the addrobjs.

-c,--parsable
Print the output in a parsable format.

-o,--output
Select which fields will be shown. The field value can be
one of the following names:
ALL Display all fields.
ADDROBJ The name of the addrobj.
PROPERTY The name of the property.
PERM If the property is readable ("r") and/or
writable ("w").
CURRENT The value of the property.
PERSISTENT The persistent value of the property.
DEFAULT The default value of the property.
POSSIBLE The possible values for the property.

-p,--prop
Specify which properties to display. See the ipadm
set-addrprop subcommand for the list of property names.

set-prop [-t] -p prop[+|-]=value[,value]... protocol
Set a property's value(s) on the protocol.

-p,--prop
Specify the property name and value(s). The optional +|-
syntax can be used to add/remove values from the current
list of values on the property. The property name can be
one of the following:
ecn Explicit congestion control
(never/passive/active) (TCP).
extra_priv_ports Additional privileged ports
(SCTP/TCP/UDP).
forwarding Packet forwarding (on/off).
hoplimit The IPv6 hoplimit.
largest_anon_port Largest ephemeral port
(SCTP/TCP/UDP).
max_buf Maximum receive or send buffer size
(ICMP/SCTP/TCP/UDP). This also sets
the upper limit for the recv_buf and
send_buf properties.
recv_buf Default receive buffer size
(ICMP/SCTP/TCP/UDP). The maximum
value for this property is
controlled by the max_buf property.
sack Selective acknowledgement
(active/passive/never) (TCP).
send_buf Default send buffer size
(ICMP/SCTP/TCP/UDP). The maximum
value for this property is
controlled by the max_buf property.
smallest_anon_port Smallest ephemeral port
(SCTP/TCP/UDP).
smallest_nonpriv_port Smallest non-privileged port
(SCTP/TCP/UDP).
ttl The IPv4 time-to-live.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm reset-prop [-t] -p prop protocol
Reset a protocol's property value to the default.

-p,--prop
Specify the property name. See the ipadm set-prop
subcommand for the list of property names.

-t,--temporary
Temporary, not persistent across reboots.

ipadm show-prop [[-c] -o field[,field]...] [-p prop[,prop]...] [protocol]
Display the property values for one or all of the protocols.

-c,--parsable
Print the output in a parsable format.

-o,--output
Select which fields will be shown. The field value can be
one of the following names:
ALL Display all fields.
PROTO The name of the protocol.
PROPERTY The name of the property.
PERM If the property is readable ("r") and/or
writable ("w").
CURRENT The value of the property.
PERSISTENT The persistent value of the property.
DEFAULT The default value of the property.
POSSIBLE The possible values for the property.

-p,--prop
Specify which properties to display. See the ipadm
set-prop subcommand for the list of property names.

SEE ALSO


arp(1M), cfgadm(1M), dhcpagent(1M), dladm(1M), if_mpadm(1M), ifconfig(1M),
ndd(1M), zonecfg(1M), nodename(4), nsswitch.conf(4), dhcp(5)

illumos February 6, 2018 illumos