FMADM(1M) Maintenance Commands FMADM(1M)


NAME


fmadm - fault management configuration tool

SYNOPSIS


fmadm [-q] [subcommand [arguments]]


DESCRIPTION


The fmadm utility can be used by administrators and service personnel to
view and modify system configuration parameters maintained by the Fault
Manager, fmd(1M). fmd receives telemetry information relating to problems
detected by the system software, diagnoses these problems, and initiates
proactive self-healing activities such as disabling faulty components.


fmadm can be used to:

o view the set of diagnosis engines and agents that are
currently participating in fault management,

o view the list of system components that have been diagnosed as
faulty, and

o perform administrative tasks related to these entities.


The Fault Manager attempts to automate as many activities as possible, so
use of fmadm is typically not required. When the Fault Manager needs help
from a human administrator, it produces a message indicating its needs.
It also refers you to a knowledge article on http://illumos.org/msg/.
This web site might ask you to use fmadm or one of the other fault
management utilities to gather more information or perform additional
tasks. The documentation for fmd(1M), fmdump(1M), and fmstat(1M) describe
more about tools to observe fault management activities.


The fmadm utility requires the user to possess the SYS_CONFIG privilege.
Refer to the for more information about how to configure privileges. The
fmadm load subcommand requires that the user possess all privileges.

SUBCOMMANDS


fmadm accepts the following subcommands. Some of the subcommands accept
or require additional options and operands:

fmadm acquit fmri | label [uuid]

Notify the Fault Manager that the specified resource is not to be
considered to be a suspect in the fault event identified by uuid, or
if no UUID is specified, then in any fault or faults that have been
detected. The fmadm acquit subcommand should be used only at the
direction of a documented repair procedure. Administrators might need
to apply additional commands to re-enable a previously faulted
resource.


fmadm acquit uuid

Notify the Fault Manager that the fault event identified by uuid can
be safely ignored. The fmadm acquit subcommand should be used only at
the direction of a documented repair procedure. Administrators might
need to apply additional commands to re-enable any previously faulted
resources.


fmadm config

Display the configuration of the Fault Manager itself, including the
module name, version, and description of each component module. Fault
Manager modules provide services such as automated diagnosis, self-
healing, and messaging for hardware and software present on the
system.


fmadm faulty [-afgiprsv] [-n max] [-u uid]

Display status information for resources that the Fault Manager
currently believes to be faulty.

The following options are supported:

-a
Display all faults. By default, the fmadm faulty command
only lists output for resources that are currently present
and faulty. If you specify the -a option, all resource
information cached by the Fault Manager is listed,
including faults which have been automatically corrected or
where no recovery action is needed. The listing includes
information for resources that might no longer be present
in the system.


-f
Display faulty fru's (Field replaceable units).


-g
Group together faults which have the same fru, class and
fault message.


-i
Display persistent cache identifier for each resource in
the Fault Manager.


-n max
If faults or resources are grouped together with the -a or
-g options, limit the output to max entries.


-p
Pipe output through pager with form feed between each
fault.


-r
Display Fault Management Resource with their Identifier
(FMRI) and their fault management state.


-s
Display 1 line fault summary for each fault event.


-u uid
Only display fault with given uid.


-v
Display full output.

The percentage certainty is displayed if a fault has multiple
suspects, either of different classes or on different fru's. If more
than one resource is on the same fru and it is not 100% certain that
the fault is associated with the fru, the maximum percentage
certainty of the possible suspects on the fru is displayed.


The Fault Manager associates the following states with every resource for
which telemetry information has been received:

ok

The resource is present and in use and has no known problems so far
as the Fault Manager is concerned.


unknown

The resource is not present or not usable but has no known problems.
This might indicate the resource has been disabled or deconfigured by
an administrator. Consult appropriate management tools for more
information.


faulted

The resource is present but is not usable because one or more
problems have been diagnosed by the Fault Manager. The resource has
been disabled to prevent further damage to the system.


degraded

The resource is present and usable, but one or more problems have
been diagnosed in the resource by the Fault Manager.

If all affected resources are in the same state, this is reflected in
the message at the end of the list. Otherwise the state is given
after each affected resource.


fmadm flush fmri

Flush the information cached by the Fault Manager for the specified
resource, named by its FMRI. This subcommand should only be used when
indicated by a documented repair procedure. Typically, the use of
this command is not necessary as the Fault Manager keeps its cache
up-to-date automatically. If a faulty resource is flushed from the
cache, administrators might need to apply additional commands to
enable the specified resource.


fmadm load path

Load the specified Fault Manager module. path must be an absolute
path and must refer to a module present in one of the defined
directories for modules. Typically, the use of this command is not
necessary as the Fault Manager loads modules automatically when the
operating system initially boots or as needed.


fmadm unload module

Unload the specified Fault Manager module. Specify module using the
basename listed in the fmadm config output. Typically, the use of
this command is not necessary as the Fault Manager loads and unloads
modules automatically based on the system configuration


fmadm repaired fmri | label

Notify the Fault Manager that a repair procedure has been carried out
on the specified resource. The fmadm repaired subcommand should be
used only at the direction of a documented repair procedure.
Administrators might need to apply additional commands to re-enable a
previously faulted resource.


fmadm replaced fmri | label

Notify the Fault Manager that the specified resource has been
replaced. This command should be used in those cases where the Fault
Manager is unable to automatically detect the replacement. The fmadm
replaced subcommand should be used only at the direction of a
documented repair procedure. Administrators might need to apply
additional commands to re-enable a previously faulted resource.


fmadm reset [-s serd] module

Reset the specified Fault Manager module or module subcomponent. If
the -s option is present, the specified Soft Error Rate
Discrimination (SERD) engine is reset within the module. If the -s
option is not present, the entire module is reset and all persistent
state associated with the module is deleted. The fmadm reset
subcommand should only be used at the direction of a documented
repair procedure. The use of this command is typically not necessary
as the Fault Manager manages its modules automatically.


fmadm rotate errlog | fltlog

The rotate subcommand is a helper command for logadm(1M), so that
logadm can rotate live log files correctly. It is not intended to be
invoked directly. Use one of the following commands to cause the
appropriate logfile to be rotated, if the current one is not zero in
size:

# logadm -p now -s 1b /var/fm/fmd/errlog
# logadm -p now -s 1b /var/fm/fmd/fltlog


OPTIONS


The following options are supported:

-q
Set quiet mode. fmadm does not produce messages indicating the
result of successful operations to standard output.


OPERANDS


The following operands are supported:

cmd
The name of a subcommand listed in SUBCOMMANDS.


args
One or more options or arguments appropriate for the selected
subcommand, as described in SUBCOMMANDS.


EXIT STATUS


The following exit values are returned:

0
Successful completion.


1
An error occurred. Errors include a failure to communicate with fmd
or insufficient privileges to perform the requested operation.


2
Invalid command-line options were specified.


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:


+--------------------+-----------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|Interface Stability | See below. |
+--------------------+-----------------+


The command-line options are Committed. The human-readable output is not-
an-interface.

SEE ALSO


fmd(1M), fmdump(1M), fmstat(1M), logadm(1M), syslogd(1M), attributes(5)


http://illumos.org/msg/


October 22, 2008 FMADM(1M)