SAVECORE(1M) Maintenance Commands SAVECORE(1M)


NAME


savecore - save a crash dump of the operating system

SYNOPSIS


/usr/bin/savecore [-Lvd] [-f dumpfile] [directory]


DESCRIPTION


The savecore utility saves a crash dump of the kernel (assuming that one
was made) and writes a reboot message in the shutdown log. By default, it
is invoked by the dumpadm service each time the system boots.


Depending on the dumpadm(1M) configuration savecore saves either the
compressed or uncompressed crash dump. The compressed crash dump is saved
in the file directory/vmdump.n. savecore saves the uncompressed crash
dump data in the file directory/vmcore.n and the kernel's namelist in
directory/unix.n. The trailing n in the pathnames is replaced by a number
which grows every time savecore is run in that directory.


Before writing out a crash dump, savecore reads a number from the file
directory/minfree. This is the minimum number of kilobytes that must
remain free on the file system containing directory. If after saving the
crash dump the file system containing directory would have less free
space the number of kilobytes specified in minfree, the crash dump is not
saved. if the minfree file does not exist, savecore assumes a minfree
value of 1 megabyte.


The savecore utility also logs a reboot message using facility LOG_AUTH
(see syslog(3C)). If the system crashed as a result of a panic, savecore
logs the panic string too.

OPTIONS


The following options are supported:

-d
Disregard dump header valid flag. Force savecore to
attempt to save a crash dump even if the header
information stored on the dump device indicates the dump
has already been saved.


-f dumpfile
Attempt to save a crash dump from the specified file
instead of from the system's current dump device. This
option may be useful if the information stored on the dump
device has been copied to an on-disk file by means of the
dd(1M) command.


-L
Save a crash dump of the live running Solaris system,
without actually rebooting or altering the system in any
way. This option forces savecore to save a live snapshot
of the system to the dump device, and then immediately to
retrieve the data and to write it out to a new set of
crash dump files in the specified directory. Live system
crash dumps can only be performed if you have configured
your system to have a dedicated dump device using
dumpadm(1M).

savecore -L does not suspend the system, so the contents
of memory continue to change while the dump is saved. This
means that live crash dumps are not fully self-consistent.


-v
Verbose. Enables verbose error messages from savecore.


OPERANDS


The following operands are supported:

directory
Save the crash dump files to the specified directory. If
directory is not specified, savecore saves the crash dump
files to the default savecore directory, configured by
dumpadm(1M).


FILES


directory/vmdump.n


directory/vmcore.n


directory/unix.n


directory/bounds


directory/minfree


/var/crash/`uname -n`
default crash dump directory


SEE ALSO


adb(1), mdb(1), svcs(1), dd(1M), dumpadm(1M), svcadm(1M), syslog(3C),
attributes(5), smf(5)

NOTES


The system crash dump service is managed by the service management
facility, smf(5), under the service identifier:

svc:/system/dumpadm:default


Administrative actions on this service, such as enabling, disabling, or
requesting restart, can be performed using svcadm(1M). The service's
status can be queried using the svcs(1) command.


If the dump device is also being used as a swap device, you must run
savecore very soon after booting, before the swap space containing the
crash dump is overwritten by programs currently running.


January 30, 2013 SAVECORE(1M)