NM(1) User Commands NM(1)


NAME


nm - print name list of an object file

SYNOPSIS


/usr/bin/nm [-ACDhlnPprRsTuVv] [-efox] [-g | -u]
[-t format] file...


/usr/xpg4/bin/nm [-ACDhlnPprRsTuVv] [-efox] [-g | -u]
[-t format] file...


DESCRIPTION


The nm utility displays the symbol table of each ELF object file that is
specified by file.


If no symbolic information is available for a valid input file, the nm
utility reports that fact, but not consider it an error condition.

OPTIONS


The output of nm can be controlled using the following options:

-A
Writes the full path name or library name of an object on
each line.


-C
Demangles C++ symbol names before printing them out.


-D
Displays the SHT_DYNSYM symbol information. This is the
symbol table used by ld.so.1 and is present even in stripped
dynamic executables. If -D is not specified, the default
behavior is to display the SHT_SYMTAB symbol information.


-e
See NOTES below.


-f
See NOTES below.


-g
Writes only external (global) symbol information.


-h
Does not display the output heading data.


-L
Displays the SHT_SUNW_LDYNSYM symbol information. This
symbol table contains local function symbols.
SHT_SUNW_LDYNSM symbol tables are present even in stripped
dynamic executables. These symbols augment the global
symbols that are found in SHT_DYNSYM symbol table. If -L is
not specified, the default behavior is to display the
SHT_SYMTAB symbol information.


-l
Distinguishes between WEAK and GLOBAL symbols by appending a
* to the key letter for WEAK symbols.


-n
Sorts external symbols by name before they are printed.


-o
Prints the value and size of a symbol in octal instead of
decimal (equivalent to -t o).


-p
Produces easy to parse, terse output. Each symbol name is
preceded by its value (blanks if undefined) and one of the
letters:

A
Absolute symbol.


B
bss (uninitialized data space) symbol.


C
COMMON symbol.


D
Data object symbol.


F
File symbol.


N
Symbol has no type.


L
Thread-Local storage symbol.


S
Section symbol.


T
Text symbol.


U
Undefined.

If the symbol's binding attribute is:

LOCAL
The key letter is lower case.


WEAK
The key letter is upper case. If the -l modifier
is specified, the upper case key letter is
followed by a *


GLOBAL
The key letter is upper case.


-P
Writes information in a portable output format, as specified
in Standard Output.


-r
Prepends the name of the object file or archive to each
output line.


-R
Prints the archive name (if present), followed by the object
file and symbol name. If the -r option is also specified,
this option is ignored.


-s
Prints section name instead of section index.


-t format
Writes each numeric value in the specified format. The
format is dependent on the single character used as the
format option-argument:

d
The offset is written in decimal (default).


o
The offset is written in octal.


x
The offset is written in hexadecimal.


-T
See NOTES.


/usr/bin/nm
-u
Prints undefined symbols only.


/usr/xpg4/bin/nm
-u
Prints long listing for each undefined symbol. See OUTPUT below.


-v
Sorts external symbols by value before they are printed.


-V
Prints the version of the nm command executing on the standard
error output.


-x
Prints the value and size of a symbol in hexadecimal instead of
decimal (equivalent to -t x).


Options can be used in any order, either singly or in combination, and
can appear anywhere in the command line. When conflicting options are
specified (such as -v and -n, or -o and -x) the first is taken and the
second ignored with a warning message to the user. (See -R for
exception.)

OPERANDS


The following operand is supported:

file
A path name of an object file, executable file or object-file
library.


OUTPUT


This section describes the nm utility's output options.

Standard Output


For each symbol, the following information is printed:

Index
The index of the symbol. (The index appears in brackets.)


Value
The value of the symbol is one of the following:

o A section offset for defined symbols in a
relocatable file.

o Alignment constraints for symbols whose section
index is SHN_COMMON.

o A virtual address in executable and dynamic
library files.


Size
The size in bytes of the associated object.


Type
A symbol is of one of the following types:

NOTYPE
No type was specified.


OBJECT
A data object such as an array or variable.


FUNC
A function or other executable code.


REGI
A register symbol (SPARC only).


SECTION
A section symbol.


FILE
Name of the source file.


COMMON
An uninitialized common block.


TLS
A variable associated with Thread-Local
storage.


Bind
The symbol's binding attributes.

LOCAL symbols
Have a scope limited to the object file
containing their definition.


GLOBAL symbols
Are visible to all object files being
combined.


WEAK symbols
Are essentially global symbols with a
lower precedence than GLOBAL.


Other
A symbol's visibility.

The lower bits of the st_other member of the Elf32_Sym
structure, and the Elf64_Sym structure, defined in
<sys/elf.h>, are currently used and can be one of:

#define STV_DEFAULT 0
#define STV_INTERNAL 1
#define STV_HIDDEN 2
#define STV_PROTECTED 3
#define STV_EXPORTED 4
#define STV_SINGLETON 5
#define STV_ELIMINATE 6


Shndx
Except for three special values, this is the section
header table index in relation to which the symbol is
defined. The following special values exist:

ABS
Indicates the symbol's value does not change
through relocation.


COMMON
Indicates an unallocated block and the value
provides alignment constraints.


UNDEF
Indicates an undefined symbol.


Name
The name of the symbol.


Object Name
The name of the object or library if -A is specified.


If the -P option is specified, the previous information is displayed
using the following portable format. The three versions differ depending
on whether -t d, -t o, or -t x was specified, respectively:

"%s%s %s %d %d\n", library/object name, name, type, value, \
size "%s%s %s %o %o\n", library/object name, name, \
type, value , size "%s%s %s %x %x\n", library/object name, name, \
type, value, size


where library/object name is formatted as follows:

o If -A is not specified, library/object name is an empty
string.

o If -A is specified and the corresponding file operand does not
name a library:

"%s: ", file


o If -A is specified and the corresponding file operand names a
library. In this case, object file names the object file in
the library containing the symbol being described:

"%s[%s]: ", file, object file


If -A is not specified, then if more than one file operand is specified
or if only one file operand is specified and it names a library, nm
writes a line identifying the object containing the following symbols
before the lines containing those symbols, in the form:

o If the corresponding file operand does not name a library:

"%s:\n", file


o If the corresponding file operand names a library; in this
case, object file is the name of the file in the library
containing the following symbols:

"%s[%s]:\n", file, object file


If -P is specified, but -t is not, the format is as if -t x had been
specified.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES


See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables
that affect the execution of nm: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_COLLATE, LC_CTYPE,
LC_MESSAGES, and NLSPATH.

EXIT STATUS


The following exit values are returned:

0
Successful completion.


>0
An error occurred.


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

/USR/XPG4/BIN/NM

+--------------------+-----------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|Interface Stability | Committed |
+--------------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


ar(1), as(1), dump(1), ld(1), ld.so.1(1), ar.h(3HEAD), a.out(4),
attributes(5), environ(5), standards(5)

NOTES


The following options are obsolete because of changes to the object file
format and might be deleted in a future release.

-e
Prints only external and static symbols. The symbol table now
contains only static and external symbols. Automatic symbols no
longer appear in the symbol table. They do appear in the debugging
information produced by cc -g, which can be examined using dump(1).


-f
Produces full output. Redundant symbols (such as .text, .data, and
so forth), which existed previously, do not exist and producing
full output is identical to the default output.


-T
By default, nm prints the entire name of the symbols listed. Since
symbol names have been moved to the last column, the problem of
overflow is removed and it is no longer necessary to truncate the
symbol name.


September 10, 2013 NM(1)