NEWGRP(1) User Commands NEWGRP(1)


NAME


newgrp - log in to a new group

SYNOPSIS


Command


/usr/bin/newgrp [-| -l] [group]


sh Built-in
newgrp [argument]


ksh Built-in
*newgrp [argument]


ksh93 Built-in
+newgrp [argument]


DESCRIPTION


Command


The newgrp command logs a user into a new group by changing a user's real
and effective group ID. The user remains logged in and the current
directory is unchanged. The execution of newgrp always replaces the
current shell with a new shell, even if the command terminates with an
error (unknown group).


Any variable that is not exported is reset to null or its default value.
Exported variables retain their values. System variables (such as PS1,
PS2, PATH, MAIL, and HOME), are reset to default values unless they have
been exported by the system or the user. For example, when a user has a
primary prompt string (PS1) other than $ (default) and has not exported
PS1, the user's PS1 is set to the default prompt string $, even if newgrp
terminates with an error. Note that the shell command export (see sh(1)
and set(1)) is the method to export variables so that they retain their
assigned value when invoking new shells.


With no operands and options, newgrp changes the user's group IDs (real
and effective) back to the group specified in the user's password file
entry. This is a way to exit the effect of an earlier newgrp command.


A password is demanded if the group has a password and the user is not
listed in /etc/group as being a member of that group. The only way to
create a password for a group is to use passwd(1), then cut and paste the
password from /etc/shadow to /etc/group. Group passwords are antiquated
and not often used.

sh Built-in
Equivalent to exec newgrp argument where argument represents the options
and/or operand of the newgrp command.

ksh Built-in
Equivalent to exec to/bin/newgrp argument where argument represents the
options and/or operand of the newgrp command.


On this man page, ksh(1) commands that are preceded by one or two *
(asterisks) are treated specially in the following ways:

1. Variable assignment lists preceding the command remain in
effect when the command completes.

2. I/O redirections are processed after variable assignments.

3. Errors cause a script that contains them to abort.

4. Words, following a command preceded by ** that are in the
format of a variable assignment, are expanded with the same
rules as a variable assignment. This means that tilde
substitution is performed after the = sign and word splitting
and file name generation are not performed.

ksh93 Built-in
Equivalent to exec to/bin/newgrp argument where argument represents the
options and/or operand of the newgrp command.


On this man page, ksh93(1) commands that are preceded by one or two +
(plus signs) are treated specially in the following ways:

1. Variable assignment lists preceding the command remain in
effect when the command completes.

2. I/O redirections are processed after variable assignments.

3. Errors cause a script that contains them to abort.

4. They are not valid function names.

5. Words, following a command preceded by ++ that are in the
format of a variable assignment, are expanded with the same
rules as a variable assignment. This means that tilde
substitution is performed after the = sign and field splitting
and file name generation are not performed.

OPTIONS


The following option is supported:

-l | -
Change the environment to what would be expected if the user
actually logged in again as a member of the new group.


OPERANDS


The following operands are supported:

group
A group name from the group database or a non-negative
numeric group ID. Specifies the group ID to which the real
and effective group IDs is set. If group is a non-negative
numeric string and exists in the group database as a group
name (see getgrnam(3C)), the numeric group ID associated with
that group name is used as the group ID.


argument
sh and ksh only. Options and/or operand of the newgrp
command.


ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES


See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables
that affect the execution of newgrp: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES,
and NLSPATH.

EXIT STATUS


If newgrp succeeds in creating a new shell execution environment, whether
or not the group identification was changed successfully, the exit status
is the exit status of the shell. Otherwise, the following exit value is
returned:

>0
An error occurred.


FILES


/etc/group
System group file


/etc/passwd
System password file


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

/usr/bin/newgrp, ksh, sh

+--------------------+-------------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-------------------+
|Interface Stability | Committed |
+--------------------+-------------------+
|Standard | See standards(5). |
+--------------------+-------------------+

ksh93

+--------------------+-----------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+-----------------+
|Interface Stability | Uncommitted |
+--------------------+-----------------+

SEE ALSO


login(1), ksh(1), ksh93(1), set(1), sh(1), Intro(3), getgrnam(3C),
group(4), passwd(4), attributes(5), environ(5), standards(5)


November 2, 2007 NEWGRP(1)