MKMSGS(1) User Commands MKMSGS(1)


NAME


mkmsgs - create message files for use by gettxt

SYNOPSIS


mkmsgs [-o] [-i locale] inputstrings msgfile


DESCRIPTION


The mkmsgs utility is used to create a file of text strings that can be
accessed using the text retrieval tools (see gettxt(1), srchtxt(1),
exstr(1), and gettxt(3C)). It will take as input a file of text strings
for a particular geographic locale (see setlocale(3C)) and create a file
of text strings in a format that can be retrieved by both gettxt(1) and
gettxt(3C). By using the -i option, you can install the created file
under the /usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES directory (locale
corresponds to the language in which the text strings are written).


inputstrings is the name of the file that contains the original text
strings. msgfile is the name of the output file where mkmsgs writes the
strings in a format that is readable by gettxt(1) and gettxt(3C). The
name of msgfile can be up to 14 characters in length, but may not contain
either \0 (null) or the ASCII code for / (slash) or : (colon).


The input file contains a set of text strings for the particular
geographic locale. Text strings are separated by a newline character.
Nongraphic characters must be represented as alphabetic escape sequences.
Messages are transformed and copied sequentially from inputstrings to
msgfile. To generate an empty message in msgfile, leave an empty line at
the correct place in inputstrings.


Strings can be changed simply by editing the file inputstrings. New
strings must be added only at the end of the file; then a new msgfile
file must be created and installed in the correct place. If this
procedure is not followed, the retrieval function will retrieve the wrong
string and software compatibility will be broken.

OPTIONS


The following options are supported:

-o
Overwrite msgfile, if it exists.


-i locale
Install msgfile in the /usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES
directory. Only someone who is super user or a member of
group bin can create or overwrite files in this directory.
Directories under /usr/lib/locale will be created if they
do not exist.


EXAMPLES


Example 1: Using the mkmsgs command.




The following example shows an input message source file C.str:


File %s:\t cannot be opened\n
%s: Bad directory\n
.
.
.
write error\n
.
.


Example 2: Using Input Strings From C.str to Create Text Strings in a File




The following command uses the input strings from C.str to create text
strings in the appropriate format in the file UX in the current
directory:


example% mkmsgs C.str UX


Example 3: Using Input Strings From FR.str to Create Text Strings in a


File


The following command uses the input strings from FR.str to create text
strings in the appropriate format in the file UX in the directory
/usr/lib/locale/fr/LC_MESSAGES:


example% mkmsgs -i fr FR.str UX


These text strings would be accessed if you had set the environment
variable LC_MESSAGES=fr and then invoked one of the text retrieval tools
listed at the beginning of the DESCRIPTION section.


FILES


/usr/lib/locale/locale/LC_MESSAGES/*

message files created by mkmsgs


SEE ALSO


exstr(1), gettxt(1), srchtxt(1), gettxt(3C), setlocale(3C), attributes(5)


July 26, 1994 MKMSGS(1)