CHGRP(1) User Commands CHGRP(1)


NAME


chgrp - change file group ownership

SYNOPSIS


chgrp [-fhR] group file...


chgrp -s [-fhR] groupsid file...


chgrp -R [f] [-H | -L | -P] group file...


chgrp -s -R [f] [-H | -L | -P] groupsid file...


DESCRIPTION


The chgrp utility will set the group ID of the file named by each file
operand to the group ID specified by the group operand.


For each file operand, it will perform actions equivalent to the chown(2)
function, called with the following arguments:

o The file operand will be used as the path argument.

o The user ID of the file will be used as the owner argument.

o The specified group ID will be used as the group argument.


Unless chgrp is invoked by a process with appropriate privileges, the
set-user-ID and set-group-ID bits of a regular file will be cleared upon
successful completion; the set-user-ID and set-group-ID bits of other
file types may be cleared.


The operating system has a configuration option _POSIX_CHOWN_RESTRICTED,
to restrict ownership changes. When this option is in effect, the owner
of the file may change the group of the file only to a group to which the
owner belongs. Only the super-user can arbitrarily change owner IDs,
whether or not this option is in effect. To set this configuration
option, include the following line in /etc/system:

set rstchown = 1


To disable this option, include the following line in /etc/system:

set rstchown = 0


_POSIX_CHOWN_RESTRICTED is enabled by default. See system(4) and
fpathconf(2).

OPTIONS


The following options are supported.

/usr/bin/chgrp and /usr/xpg4/bin/chgrp
-f
Force. Does not report errors.


-h
If the file is a symbolic link, this option changes the group of
the symbolic link. Without this option, the group of the file
referenced by the symbolic link is changed.


-H
If the file specified on the command line is a symbolic link
referencing a file of type directory, this option changes the group
of the directory referenced by the symbolic link and all the files
in the file hierarchy below it. If a symbolic link is encountered
when traversing a file hierarchy, the group of the target file is
changed, but no recursion takes place.


-L
If the file is a symbolic link, this option changes the group of
the file referenced by the symbolic link. If the file specified on
the command line, or encountered during the traversal of the file
hierarchy, is a symbolic link referencing a file of type directory,
then this option changes the group of the directory referenced by
the symbolic link and all files in the file hierarchy below it.


-P
If the file specified on the command line or encountered during the
traversal of a file hierarchy is a symbolic link, this option
changes the group of the symbolic link. This option does not follow
the symbolic link to any other part of the file hierarchy.


-s
The specified group is Windows SID. This option requires a file
system that supports storing SIDs, such as ZFS.


Specifying more than one of the mutually-exclusive options -H, -L, or -P
is not considered an error. The last option specified determines the
behavior of chgrp.

/usr/bin/chgrp
-R
Recursive. chgrp descends through the directory, and any
subdirectories, setting the specified group ID as it proceeds. When
a symbolic link is encountered, the group of the target file is
changed, unless the -h or -P option is specified. However, no
recursion takes place, unless the -H or -L option is specified.


/usr/xpg4/bin/chgrp
-R
Recursive. chgrp descends through the directory, and any
subdirectories, setting the specified group ID as it proceeds. When
a symbolic link is encountered, the group of the target file is
changed, unless the -h or -P option is specified. Unless the -H,
-L, or -P option is specified, the -L option is used as the default
mode.


OPERANDS


The following operands are supported:

group
A group name from the group database or a numeric group ID.
Either specifies a group ID to be given to each file named by
one of the file operands. If a numeric group operand exists in
the group database as a group name, the group ID number
associated with that group name is used as the group ID.


file
A path name of a file whose group ID is to be modified.


USAGE


See largefile(5) for the description of the behavior of chgrp when
encountering files greater than or equal to 2 Gbyte (2^31 bytes).

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES


See environ(5) for descriptions of the following environment variables
that affect the execution of chgrp: LANG, LC_ALL, LC_CTYPE, LC_MESSAGES,
and NLSPATH.

EXIT STATUS


The following exit values are returned:

0
The utility executed successfully and all requested changes were
made.


>0
An error occurred.


FILES


/etc/group
group file


ATTRIBUTES


See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:

/usr/bin/chgrp

+--------------------+---------------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+---------------------+
|CSI | Enabled. See NOTES. |
+--------------------+---------------------+
|Interface Stability | Committed |
+--------------------+---------------------+
|Standard | See standards(5). |
+--------------------+---------------------+

/usr/xpg4/bin/chgrp

+--------------------+---------------------+
| ATTRIBUTE TYPE | ATTRIBUTE VALUE |
+--------------------+---------------------+
|CSI | Enabled. See NOTES. |
+--------------------+---------------------+
|Interface Stability | Committed |
+--------------------+---------------------+
|Standard | See standards(5). |
+--------------------+---------------------+

SEE ALSO


chmod(1), chown(1), id(1M), chown(2), fpathconf(2), group(4), passwd(4),
system(4), attributes(5), environ(5), largefile(5), standards(5)

NOTES


chgrp is CSI-enabled except for the group name.


July 11, 2008 CHGRP(1)